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Full text of "A history of the Church of the Brethren [southern California & Arizona]"

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THE JOHN THOMAS LEE 
FUND 




A History of 

The Church of the 
Brethren 



Published by Authority of 

District Meeting of Southern California 

and Arizona through the following 

Committee 



M. M. ESHELMAN, Chairman 
W. E. TROSTLE, Secretary 
W. H. KEIM, Business Manager 
D. A. NORCROSS 
B. F. MASTERSON 



Los Angeles 
1917 



<3> 



C^ 



Table of Contents 



Committee on Church History Frontice 

Preface ~ - - 

Personals 

Early Settlers » 

Elder George Hoxie JO 

First Church on Pacific Coast. — JJ 

Covina Congregation on 

Conej o Church 20 

Tropico Church - - 20 

Lordsburg Church 23 

Glendora Church 27 

Inglewood Church 32 

First Church of the Brethren Los Angeles 33-43 

Channing Street Mission 44 

Boyle Heights Mission 46 

Santa Fe Mission _ 46 

Pasadena Congregation 48 

Pomona Church 

First Church of the Brethren, Long Beach 53 

Hemet Church 57 

Santa Ana Church 58 

Santee Church 60 

El Centro Church - 60 

Imperial Valley Church 61 

Glendale Church, Arizona 62 

Pearce Church ..... - 63 

Phenix Mission 63 

South Los Angeles Church 64 

District Conferences 67-104 

Who Has Led, When and Where „ 104-107 

Northern California 107 

History of Lordsburg College 108-1 17 

First Chinese Sunday School 117 

Ministerial Meetings 118-120 

Sunday School Developments 120-123 

Christian Workers Meetings 123 

Sisters Aid Society _ -.123-125 

What Some Sisters Have Been Doing _ 183 

Mothers and Daughters 184 

Open Way into Book of Revelation 185 

Biographical Section 

Bashor, Geo. H 134 

Beaver, O. J 180 

Brandt, Harry - 165 

Brubaker, John S - 136 

Brubaker, Nicholas J 162 

Calvert, J. G 181 

Calvert, Wm. Q 165 

Chemberlen, Geo. F 142 



Cline, Joseph W — - 175 

Dickey, J. P 174 

Durr, Francis W - 177 

Eshelman, Matthew Mays 138 

Fitzwater, P. B 1 58 

Forney, Edmond ; 132 

Forney, Peter 141 

Funderburg, Isaac V 181 

Funk, S. W 179 

Garst, Samuel S 148 

Getz, John H 166 

Gilbert, James Z 157 

Gillette, C. E 168 

Guthrie, C. W 176 

Hanawalt, George : - 157 

Haugh, B. S 164 

Hoff, C. S 145 

Hoover, W. I. T '. 154 

Hutchinson, Andrew 126 

Johnson, Stephen - 159 

Kieffaber, G. Q - 169 

Keim, W. H 179 

Lefever, Elias B 166 

Lehmer, S. G 159 

Lehmer. G. G 179 

Long, S. D 169 

Masterson, B. F _ _ 151 

McDonough, Geo. L 144 

Metzger, Elder John 126 

Miller, S. J 160 

Miller, Robert Henry 172 

Myers, Peter S 150 

Nicholson, C. C - 181 

Norcross, David A _ _... 130 

Piatt, W. M - 170 

Reed, A. G 181 

Reppert, J. J 166 

Root, A. C 144 

Shively, John K 167 

Snell, Harvey 154 

Snowberger, Andrew C _ 1 49 

Stutsman, Wm _ 168 

Taylor, Hewitt R ' 147 

TJiomas, Wm. J - 133 

Trostle, Elder J. W 128 

Trostle, W. E - 140 

Vaniman, Albert W 155 

Wertenbaker, Wm. H 171 

Wine, John M 157 

Wol f e, C. Edward 178 

Wol ford, A. Klein _ _ 179 

Yoder, C. H 154 

Yundt, Simon E 152 




Committee on Church History. 
D. A. Norcross B. F. Masterson 

M. M. Eshelmam 
W. E. Trostle Wm. H. Keim 



PREFACE 

The historian must shade his eyes and peer backward 
along scenes and events and unquestioned motives which lie 
beneath every act. The fair historian simply recognizes 
FACTS. He must see the expression rather than the man 
who gives out the truths and facts. Historic observations 
should be constructive rather than damaging. And yet no one 
should illusion himself with thoughts that there have been no 
discordant elements. There have been contentious tumults in 
which each note sounded blurred the one that preceded it, and 
in so doing "slurred" itself. A great thinker said: 

"I will try to see things as they are and then try to say 
them as I see them." So has your committee. The misfits 
have been worked out and the befits worked in. Happy the 
man who finds virgin deeds in virgin soil, and then works in 
virgin hope, through virgin love and finds virgin results. 

The authority for this work lies in the following: 
The "We, the East Los Angeles Church, ask the Dis- 

Authority. trict Meeting (of 1909) to choose and empower a 

committee of five members to codify the Minutes 
of the District Meetings of Southern California and Arizona, 
and in the codification insert a brief history of each congre- 
gation and report its work to the next District Meeting." D. 
A. Norcross, B. F. Masterson, M. M. Eshelman, W. E. Trostle 
and A. M. White were made such committee. At a special 
meeting of the Committee, M. M. Eshelman was chosen to 
prepare the history. Later, A. M. White moved to the north- 
ern District of California, and W. H. Keim was chosen to fill 
the vacancy. The Committee has tried to be quite impartial 



and could use only such material as came to hand. All is sub- 
mitted in all grace to all. 

Take down your Bible and observe how many 
Personals, thousands of persons God uses to convey Divine 

elements to mankind. In this work the things done 
could not be separated from the individuals who did them, so 
the Committee has given them as they came. The Committee 
commends the good actions of God's Workers to all who may 
read these sketches, and hope that each may strive to have a 
busy life as Christ makes such lives. 



History of the Church of the Brethern 



EARLY SETTLERS 

Samuel A. Overholtzer and wife emigrated from Mount 
Carroll, Illinois, by team in 1864 and settled at Elk Slough, 
Sacramento County, California. A California slough is a body 
of water running out from a river just the reverse of an Indiana 
creek, which empties into a river. It was at such a slough that 
Brother Overholtzer made his first home in California. He 
next located at Bantos and later settled at Covina and became 
a leading Orange Grower and a permanent member of the 
Covina Church. His home was the stopping place of both 
members and others, who honored the husband and wife for 
their excellent characters. They were kind, generous, faithful 
and loyal to their church vows. He gave freely to the cause 
of Christ and to the Lordsburg College and is yet living in the 
hearts of many people who knew him. 

Another permanent early settler was Brother George 
Wolfe of Adams County, Illinois. A long, tedious journey 
from Carthage, Illinois, then down the Mississippi River on 
through the Gulf of Mexico and Carribbean Sea across the 
Isthmus of Panama and then up the Pacific Coast to San 
Francisco, he landed in the Pajairo Valley and later settled at 
Gilroy, California. His last residence was at Lathrop, Cali- 
fornia, where most of the members had settled. He was 
a nephew of Elder George Wolfe, an early settler in Illinois. 
He opened the cause by holding a camp meeting near Stock- 
ton, which has been continued to this day. His associates in 
pioneering were Henry Haines and Daniel Houser, who were 
the inventors of the combined harvester and thresher. 

Elder George Wolfe gathered around him quite a number 



10 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

of active workers, whose names we would be glad to mention 
but cannot for the lack of space. 



In pioneering, Brother Hoxie stands among 
Elder George the first on this coast. Born in Bedford. Mass- 
Hoxie. achusetts, rasied a fisherman and a whaler, 

he early took to the seas. His father was a 
whaler on the Atlantic Ocean. 

After securing the whale oil and blubber, the brig sailed 
around Cape Horn and anchored at San Francisco on the 
18th day of April, 1850. In fifteen days he and his father 
started to Trinity County, California, seeking gold. They 
went by way of Carson Valley with wagons and pack mules. 
They reached Trinity River July 4th. By winter, four of 
them had taken out $1700.00. They wintered on Weaver 
Creek, and the next year they went to Salmon River with pack 
train, and sold goods for awhile, then moved to Yreka and 
went to merchandising. Flour was then $1.00 per pound. It 
was known as "starvation time." In 1853 they battled with 
the Rogue River Indians, and in 1854 Brother Hoxie married. 
In 1863 he moved to Lockford, California. He was chosen 
to the ministry at Lathrop, California. Later he moved to 
Oregon and located on Williams Creek, Josephine County. 

The conversion of himself and wife took place under the 
preaching of Elder B. F. Moomaw of Virginia, who did 
preaching at Lathrop in 1874. Brother Hoxie and wife at- 
tended the services and were soon deeply in sympathy with 
the truth. After praying to the Lord for guidance they ap- 
plied for membership and were received as a very happy 
couple. 3 | ;, 

He and his estimable wife have pioneered for over thirty 
years at the headwaters of Williams Creek, Josephine County, 
Oregon. He traveled long distances and did a great deal of 
preaching. A few years ago a church was organized at his 
place and a good house of worship erected on land near his 
home. 

The first love feast ever held in that region, forty miles 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 

from any other congregation of the Brethren, was held in his 
apple orchard in the summer of 1911, the writer officiating. 

In 1896 rigging up a heavy spring wagon, and pulled by 
a horse and mule, he and his wife carried out a unique method 
of missionary work. From their home to Los Angeles is about 
600 miles. On the way down he stopped at nearly every house 
on the highway and knocking at the door said to the one 
answering the call, "Would you have some tracts and prayer?" 
The responses usually were favorable, so he and wife gave 
many blessings which eternity will unfold. At one place the 
man said, "We do our own praying," and Bro. Hoxie said: 
"Good." They returned home the same way after visiting 
nearly all the congregations in Southern California. 



THE FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN ON THE 
PACIFIC COAST 

The discovery of the vast domain in the northwest part 
of the United States awakened the latent feelings of the indus- 
trials in the eastern part of the country, hence many thousands 
of families sought the land to make homes. Among them were 
some members of the Church of the Brethren. The means of 
transportation were crude — by oxen, mules and horses — the 
overland journey was long and tedious, especially to women 
and children. 

In 1850 came into the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Benja- 
min Hardman, Sr., and wife, Mary ; Joseph and Barbara Hard- 
man ; in 1853-4, Joshua Hardman and wife, Anna ; David and 
Susan Peebler, the brother being a deacon; Philip Baltimore 
and wife, Mary; Jacob Wigelad and wife, Catherine; John and 
Minerva Ritter; Solomon and Elizabeth Ritter; Daniel Leedy 
and wife, Mary. All these were members of the church. 

In 1855 Aaron Baltimore and wife became successful 
overlanders from South Bend, Indiana. Aaron died a minister. 

Brother Daniel Leedy was a minister in the first degree 
and from Jefferson County, Iowa. He was the first member 
to come across the country by ox-team. He settled as did most 
of the others near Lebanon, east of the county seat, Albany, 
Oregon. Providence did much for first conditions in the 
Willamette Valley, fringing the wide region by two great and 
dense-timbered mountains. By muscular power Leedy made a 
good home ; by spirit force he set the foundation for a strong 
church and in a few years had a fine community of believers. 
It was "new wine in new skins," and it became enriching and 
spiritually aggressive. 

In 1855 the loyal members sought to be organized into a 
working body and to be associated with the Brotherhood of 
believers in Jesus. They petitioned the yearly meeting held in 
the Aughwick Church, Pennsylvania, at which there were one 
hundred and ten delegates, Henry Kurtz being clerk and James 



14 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Quinter assistant clerk. They were authorized to empower Bro. 
Daniel Leedy, a minister then only in the first degree, to organ- 
ize the first church on the Pacific Coast. We would like to give 
that letter signed by Elder Henry Kurtz a place here, but its 
length forbids. Here are the names of the Standing Committee 
who authorized the organization : 

George Hoke, of Ohio; John Molsbaugh, of Ohio; J. 
Leatherman, John Metzger and Daniel Fry, of Illinois ; John 
Kline and Daniel Brower, of Virginia ; D. P. Saylor and George 
Bear, of Maryland ; Daniel Bolinger, John H. Umstead, John 
Berkley and Andrew Spanogle, of Pennsylvania. The church 
was organized in 1856, and a house of worship erected in 1880, 
seven miles northwest from Lebanon, and the church named 
Lebanon. Recently this house was sold and a new one built 
in Albany and the name changed to that of Albany, Oregon. 
Among those who labored most earnestly in the ministry were 
M. M. Bashor, Joel Sherfy, Harvey Sherlock, Aaron Baltimore 
and Jacob Bahr. About twenty years after the organization, 
Satan built a synagogue here and scattered the flock. Elder 
Hiram Smith, formerly of Los Angeles, California, is now 
shepherd of the flock and the work is being blessed. 



THE COVINA CONGREGATION 

In some sense it is said that the Covina church is "the 
mother congregation" of the Southern California churches, 
being the first in the field. Her organization dates from June 
20, 1885. Previous to that time there were members residing 
at various places in this section of the state, mostly, however, 
in Los Angeles County. An assembly at the residence of 
Brother Martin Bashor effected an organization. At this meet- 
ing, Elders A. F. Deeter and J. S. Flory, who then lived at 
Tehunga, twenty-five miles north of Los Angeles, were placed 
in charge of the church's interests. Brother Christian Wine, a 
minister, acted as Clerk. The following named members were 
enrolled : A. F. Deeter and wife Elizabeth, J. S. Flory and 
wife Elizabeth, America Finch, Joseph D. Finch, N. D. Hadsell, 
Levi W. Riley and wife Belinda, Felix Hess and wife Eliza- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



15 



beth, L. E. Miller and wife Lena, Susan Bashor, Esther Mid- 
daugh, Ella Middaugh, Christian Wine and Henry D. Finch. 

These eighteen members thoroughly united, took the name, 
"The Church of Southern California." 




The Covina Church. 



There were no boundary lines prescribed ; the territory 
embraced about seven or eight counties. There was certainly 
room enough for expansive hearts to work in. Measures were 
taken immediately to erect a house of worship. The solicitors 
and building committee were Levi W. Riley, Christian Wine, 
Martin Bashor, N. D. Hadsell and Eli Middaugh. 



16 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

One of the pioneers in Southern California was Levi W. 
Riley, who in an early day settled in Orange, California. His 
certificate of transfer is dated at Rock Run Church, Elkhart 
County, Indiana, September 19, 1874. He was an earnest 
Brother, and with his wife Belinda did a great deal for the 
cause. She is yet living in Tropico. 

The first official election occurred January 5, 1889, Frank 
Calvert and Darius Overholtzer being chosen deacons. The 
general mission board sent J. C. Whitmore to preach in South- 
ern California in the winter of 1888 and 1889. He served the 
church at Covina, Los Angeles .Tehunga, Ventura County and 
Stockton. About twenty-five persons were converted. 
The ministerial force was strengthened by the arrival of 
Elder D. A. Norcross, who located in Glendora early in 
1888; he presented his church certificate in July of that 
year. The Covina Church has been "aggressive and pro- 
gressive" in the truth, much of her early history covering all 
the territory where the other congregations now exist. Six 
other congregations sprang from her efforts, viz: Cone jo 
(Ka-na-ho) in Ventura County in 1889, Tropico in 1890, 
Lordsburg in 1891, Glendora in 1892, Santa Ana in 1903, and 
Long Beach in 1907. In all the congregations, for the first few 
years, the increase was largely by immigration from the eastern 
states. Early after the organization Elder Peter Overholtzer, a 
man of worth in scriptural study and effort, was active in the 
church. He ruled for several years before his death with fer- 
vor, diligence. J. S. Flory was his assistant. Brother Over- 
holtzer had charge of the church up to March, 1895, and then 
for awhile there was no resident elder, the labors falling prin- 
cipally upon George F. Chemberlen, then a young man with 
considerable vigor and carefulness for the church's interest 
and separation from contaminating worldly things. Under 
these conditions the Covina church took on rapid growth, 
numerically and spiritually. The church has had the aid of the 
following named persons : J. W. Trostle, D. A. Norcross and 
Christian Wine, the latter having the oversight of the church 
for a time and was a successful ruler. He was succeeded in 
1900 by George F. Chemberlen, and he by D. A. Norcross, and 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 17 

he by Harvey Snell. At this writing George F. Chemberlen 
has charge. 

In the origin of the church there came to help S. A. Over- 
holtzer. Overholtzer was a man of large heart. His home was 
a veritable guest-house for both members and others. Here with 
his large family, some of whom became active workers in the 
church, he entertained with grace. Brother Overholtzer was 
one of the founders of the Lordsburg College and gave freely 
of his wealth for its development. Daniel Houser also gave 
liberally toward its foundation and eventually gave the greater 
part of an eighty-acre orange grove to the Brotherhood for 
mission work. The first house of worship cost Nine Hundred 
Dollars. 

In 1901 the house at Covina was destroyed by fire, being 
a total loss, as the insurance had expired. The membership 
immediately erected the present house. 

Elders — D. A. Norcross, John S. Brubaker, S. P. Jones, 
Henry Lilligh, Stephen Yoder, Christian Wine, George F. 
Chemberlen, Harvey Snell, J. W. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer, W. 
Q. Calvert, Peter Overholtzer and S. W. Funk. 

Ministers — Darius Overholtzer, William Piatt, Oscar 
Mathias, A. M. White, D. H. Weaver, Henry Larick, John 
Haines, Stanley Gregory, David Overholtzer, S. C. Urey and 
Harry Brandt. With the present ministry thirty-one preachers 
resided here in thirty years. 

Deacons — William H. Overholtzer, C. J. Brandt, E. G. 
Zug, John Dunlap, Samuel Fessler, John E. Bosserman, Oscar 
Middaugh, Henry Brubaker, Ira Netzley, M. P. Custer, 
William Roberts, William Lewis, Jesse A. Calvert, G. W. Hep- 
ner, Joseph Brubaker and William Aschenbrenner. 

Donated for home missionary work, $216.98, in 1915, 
$198.00, in 1916, $253.00, or a total of $667.98. 

In Sunday School efforts in 1913 the enrollment was 220; 
teachers, 12, and offerings, $256.04. In 1914 the enrollment 
of pupils was 188 and offerings $214.37, teachers, 13. In 1915 
pupils enrolled 150, teachers 12 and offerings $244.80. In 1916 
the enrollment was 195, offerings not stated, teachers 17. The 
offerings for three years were $713.21. 



18 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

An effort to colonize the region around Covina was made 
early in 1884 by J. S. Flory, P. S. Myers and Hadsell upon 
lands owned by Mr. Philips; but like some other transient 
things it never grew into actuality. Elder J. S. Flory had 
visited the place with his wife in 1883, being correspondent for 
several eastern papers, gave the country some valuable write- 
ups. Among the early arrivals were Sister Lavina Mullen- 
dore, Brother T. E. Finch and Levi Riley, Felix Hess and 
wife. The first preaching was by Elder J. S. Flory at a week's 
meeting, corner of San Pedro and Los Angeles streets, Los 
Angeles, in 1885. He also preached in Compton. Council was 
held by Brother Flory and others at the home of Tobias Cripe 
on Jefferson street, Los Angeles, as early as 1885. 

Edward and America Finch were early comers into Co- 
vina, and on July 7, 1888, a mission board was created to meet 
the ministerial expenses at the appointments at Tehunga and 
other distant points. The board consisted of J. D. Finch, 
S. A. Overholtzer. Solicitors were David Flory and Barbara 
Flory. 

Elder D. L. Miller of Mount Morris, Ills., preached his 
first sermon at Covina Feb. 6, 1888, and while there also de- 
livered a Bible Land lecture. He had been chosen at Mount 
Morris just before leaving for California. 

The first organized Sunday School was effected April 8, 
1888, and Geo. F. Chemberlen was its Superintendent, and 
Jos. D. Finch became Secretary. There were four classes. 
No lesson quarterly was permitted, but by 1898 their values 
were admitted. 

As part of the Covina church the first love feast was held 
in Tropico May 30, 1891. At this feast a request was made to 
organize a church in Tropico. The following named were 
charter members: J. S. Elory and wife, Felix Hess, Geo. 
Diehl, Belinda Riley, Jacob Shelly, Mary Shelly, Samuel Cripe, 
Margaret Cripe, John and Susan Wolf, Moses Flory and wife, 
Elijah Wolfting, Isaac Boyer, John E. Megie, Lucy Megie, 
Oliver Megie, Anna Megie, Frank Calvert, a deacon; Lucy J. 
Bicket, Joseph Bicket, Jacob and Sarah Royer, S. G. Lehmer, 
a minister ; Lucy J. Kelley, D. P. Flory, John N. Johnson, Ed- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 19 

ward Johnson, Mary Gnagey, Sarah Gnagey, Mary J. Carpen- 
ter, Bro. Carpenter, S. Morton, a minister ; W. Howard Flory, 
Lizzie N. Calvert, D. H. Weaver, a minister; Lizzie and Lot- 
tie Flory, Fanny Flory, Cunningham, Aaron A. Wolf, Clara 
B. Wolf, Geo. Sutton, Alva Johnson, Mary Ann Johnson, Ma- 
tilda Johnson, Martha Johnson, Nettie Royer, Aug. Bush, a 
deacon ; Jane Bush, Benjamin S. Bohn, Ella Myers, W. H. 
Hedrick, Mary Kiler, Susie Van Home, Chas. Flory, Ford 
Mowerer, John Ikenberry. 

Levi J. Riley and J. E. Megie were delegates to District 
Meeting in Los Angeles from Tropico on February 20, 1890. 
This history which- should appear in the Tropico part is given 
because the write-up for Tropico is already in type. 

The Covina church has undergone many testings and some 
changes. Cut out of the world it early took on the elements 
of "separation" from the world. It was really the moulder of 
sentiment for many years into spirit and genius peculiar to 
the nickname, "Dunkerism." For however may be the thots 
and considerations, that name "Dunker," or Tunker from the 
German word "Taufen" carried with it a spirit of grace not 
found anywhere else ; so the Divine entities or essences which 
lie undereath the faith and practice of this people, do result in 
peculiarities which separate from the world. Under the direc- 
tion of Elders Peter Overholtzer, C. Wine, D. A. Norcross, 
J. W. Trostle, Harvey Snell and Geo. F. Chemberlen, who had 
charge for nine years, consecutively, and now is overseeing the 
membership, the actualities have kept on general lines. How 
much they differed in the various stages laid up with God man 
cannot always reach a just conclusion. Just as each manifested 
or drank in the wisdom from above, and operated in its eight 
parts, (James 3:17) so came results. If the eight elements 
of that wisdom were all the time exercised the results must be 
right and acceptable with Him who sends them into human 
hearts. If only one or a few of those holy elements were given 
right to heart-love, be assured the growth must be retarded or 
unfavorably affected. And what such applicaitons were to 
Covina, as the first congregation, will apply to any other under 
like conditions. With like force, wherever those eight ele- 
ments of Divine Wisdom were or are recognized in all their 



20 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

power and beauty there results are growth as God knows and 
brings, and not as man may denominate "growth." 

The first organization that sprang out of the 
Cone jo Covina congregation was at Conejo, Ventura 

Church. County, Cal. Here Thos. Finch, C. Wine and 

Geo. Chemberlen made homes early in the his- 
tory of the Church of the Brethren. It was organized in Feb- 
ruary, 1889. Christian Wine was the resident minister. Here 
Brother Geo. F. Chemberlen was chosen to the ministry and 
C. J. Brandt called to the office of deacon. Fourteen members 
were enrolled at the organization. The first lovefeast was 
held May 5, 1888. About the same time the members at Co- 
vina changed the organization's name from "The Church of 
Southern California" to that of Covina, which means — see 
dictionary. The District Meeting of 1891 was held at Conejo, 
after which nearly all the members moved into other places, 
so that the organization became inactive. 



TROPICO CHURCH 

This third congregation had its beginning in Brother Levi 
and Sister Belinda Riley, who came from Goshen, Indiana. In 
1884 he purchased eleven acres on Glendale avenue, in Tropico, 
and at once took steps to erect a church house. Brother Silas 
Morton, a minister, came about the same time. Soon after- 
wards Aaron Wolfe and his father became residents. The 
Riley place passed into other hands in 1891, Brother Riley 
having passed away the year previous. Near the center of this 
block of Riley's the writer of these notes is completing this 
history. Levi Riley left bequests of $500.00 for Bridgewater 
College, Virginia ; $500.00 for Lordsburg College, $500.00 for 
missionary work in Los Angeles City, $1000.00 for mis- 
sionary work in Los Angeles County. Sister Riley, now 
eighty-five years of age, still lives (January, 1917) just across 
the street from the old homestead. 

The deacon force consisted of Adam Bohn, Aaron Wolfe, 
E. A. Stutsman, Augustus Bush. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 2 1 

This congregation was gradually absorbed by the member- 
ship in Los Angeles from 1890 to 1897. The ministers in Los 
Angeles maintained appointments, though for six months the 
services ceased altogther. December 17, 1903, her activities 
were resumed. Out of this congregation originated First Los 
Angeles Church, and the Inglewood Congregation, and the 
Channing Street Mission. In December, 1913, Elder Christian 
Wine took charge. 

On December 28, 1903, Ed Shively and wife, William 
Stutsman, Melvin Stutsman, E. A. Stutsman and wife, S. S. 
Garst and wife, Sarah Hartman, Oscar Hartman and Joseph 
Shively and wife arrived from Kansas and assumed member- 
ship. Aaron Wolfe was the first Sunday School Superinten- 
dent and Christian Wine and Aaron Wolfe were delegates 
to the district meeting in 1903. Christian Wine was Elder in 
charge, but resigned, owing to poor health. December 10, 1904, 
S. G. Lehmer was chosen. On June 25, 1912, Elder Stephen 
Yoder placed his membership here. 

Those from the city who assisted ministerially were Peter 
Myers, S. G. Lehmer, G. G. Lehmer, J. W. Cline and J. Z. 
Gilbert. 

One of the most far reaching historic events to the general 
brotherhood had its origin in Tropico Church. It was the 
bicentennial of the Church of the Brethren in 1908. Brethren 
Church reached its two hundredth year at that time. It was 
fit to celebrate the event in a proper manner. A suggested plan 
was adopted March 9, 1907, and sent to the District Meeting 
which seconded it at Oak Grove, March 28, 1907. It was then 
forwarded to the Los Angeles Annual Meeting of the same 
year. M. M. Eshelman represented the Church June 6th, 7th 
and 8th at the General Conference in Des Moines, Iowa. Ed- 
ward Shively and Charles Fishel were called to the diaconate, 
and William Stutsman ordained to the Eldership, and S. S. 
Garst was put into the second degree of proficiencies, Septem- 
ber 25, 1909. 

In the winter of 1911 William Stutsman moved into Ari- 
zona and S. G. Lehmer was called to preside over the church's 
interest. Later, Elder S. S. Garst took charge. December 21, 



22 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

1913, John H. Getz and J. J. Reppert were chosen to the 
ministry. 




The Tropico Church. 

Officers, 1917 — S. S. Garst and M. M. Eshelman, joint 
overseers ; J. J. Reppert, minister in first degree ; A. E. Stuts- 
man, Charles F. Fishel and William Mickle, deacons ; E. A. 
Stutsman, treasurer ; William Mickle, clerk ; Alice Garst, 
chorister; William Mickle, Sunday School superintendent; 
E. A. Stutsman, assistant ; Ivy Garst, secretary and treasurer. 

Her Sunday School efforts during the past two years are 
as follows : 

In 1915 — Enrollment 50, donations $57.37, teachers 6. 

In 1916 — Enrollment 73, contributions $63.43, officers and 
teachers, 10, classes 5. 

Tropico church has enjoyed a great deal of systematic 
Bible study the past twelve years. 

Elder Yoder preached up to near the time of his depart- 
ure for the new realm. His ministry in a long life bore fruit 
to the joy of many in Christ, and the end was glorious, worthy 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 23 

of imitation. He believed Jesus, hence obeyed him, through 
all infirmities. He died in triumph of saving faith at the good 
age of 87 years, 6 months and 8 days. 

LORDSBURG CHURCH 

November 1, 1891, the following named persons became 
charter members of what is now known as the Lordsburg 
Church: Elder John Metzger acted as Chairman. Elders 
Peter Overholtzer and Peter S. Myers and J. S. Flory were 
present as helpers. Charter members were T. J. Nair, David 
Bolinger, M. M. Eshelman, Peter Hartman, Mary F. Nair, 
Rachel Bolinger, Elizabeth Hartman, E. G. Zug, George W. 
Mathias, Harvey Myers, Peter Enfield, John W. Hoff, Jerry 
Cozad, Emanuel Rhoades, Benjamin Zug, Frank Cline, John 
Swoveland, Charles Hackenburg, Daniel Hackenburg, Mary 
Zug, Barbara Mathias, Emma Myers, Sarah Enfield, Jennie 
Hoff, Fanny Cozad, Delia Swoveland and Lizzie A.. Eshelman. 

Elder John Metzger was chosen overseer, M. M. Eshelman 
secretary, and E. G. Zug treasurer. 

Preaching services were held the first and third Sundays 
in Gates Hall, and each second and fourth Sunday at Eswena 
in San Bernardino County. 

In January, 1891, the membership was increased by the 
arrival of H. W. Hufford, Dora Hufford, W. R. Whitesell, G. 
W. Bishop and wife, Amos and Elizabeth Hartman, William 
and Alice Hartman, Amos and Susan Wrightman, John and 
Hannah Cripe and Molly Boon. 

At a meeting April 25th efforts were made to employ a 
missionary, but. the local ministerial force was regarded as quite 
sufficient. The church asked for the district meeting of 1892, 
to be held here, and the Annual Meeting of 1894. The first 
love feast was held in Gates Hall, April 25, 1891. In July 
16, 1891, eleven members were addded by certificate. In Sep- 
tember, 1891, B. F. Masterson arrived. A room in the present 
college building was used for preaching services and Sunday 
School. In October twenty-one members were added to the 
body by certificate. F. U. Nofzinger served as Superintendent 
of the Sunday School and J. F. Neher was Chorister. The 



24 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

oversight of the church was given to Elders John Metzger, 
J. S. Flory and J. W. Metzger. A love feast was held Decem- 
ber 25th. On January 10, 1892, began the first series of meet- 
ings by Elder Andrew Hutchinson. Dr. S. S. Garst and Peter 
Hartman were delegates to the District Meeting held in 1892. 
F. U. Nofzinger was re-elected Sunday School Superintendent 
and S. A. Larkin Assistant Superintendent, W. F. Neher Sec- 
retary and Lottie Flory, Assistant Secretary, and M. Curtis 
Masterson became Secretary of the Church. October 3rd, 
1892, meetings were ordered to be held in McComas Hall, 
Pomona. 




The Lordsburg Church. 

On January 17, 1893, W. H. Neher became Superintendent 
of the Sunday School. B. F. Masterson and E. A. Miller were 
delegates to the District Conference. 

On June 17, 1893, a love feast was held at Egan, River- 
side County. On January 7, 1895, J. S. Flory resigned the 
oversight of the church and J. S. Mohler was selected in his 
stead. Meetings were held at San Dimas of this year. On 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 25 

March 25th, J. C. Whitmer was selected as Sunday School 
Superintendent and a request that General Conference be held 
here in 1896. October 7th Andrew Overholtzer was chosen 
Superintendent of Sunday School. 

January, 1896, Elder A. Hutchinson was engaged to hold 
a series of meetings. In 1900 a committee prepared a pro- 
gram for "Young People's Meetings." A local Mission Board 
looked after Gospel disseminations. Brother W. I. T. Hoover 
at this time was very active in building up the congregation of 
believers. Elder William J. Thomas had charge of the church. 

In 1902 Brother J. W. Lear settled here and gave his 
services to the cause of Christ. A building committee consist- 
ing of Edmond Forney, David Kuns and J. W. Cline erected 
a church house which since has been enlarged. 

On January 5, 1903, steps were taken to revive the preach- 
ing services in Pomona. It resulted in the present organization. 
Elder I. J. Rosenburg of Ohio conducted a series of meetings. 

January 21st, 1904, Harvey Vaniman was called to serve 
as a Deacon. October 7th, 1907, Edmond Forney was called to 
oversee the congregation and held the position for a number of 
years. The ministerial and deacon force has been quite 
extensive. The following is a partial list : 

Elders— D. A. Norcross, J. K. Shively, S. J. Miller, J. P. 
Dickey, W. F. England, Edward Frantz, P. B. Fitzwater, 
Edmund Forney, Samuel Henry, I. J. Harshbarger, George 
Hanawalt, Stephen Johnson, Thomas Keiser. 

Second Degree— H. A. Brandt, J. M. Cox, I. V. Funder- 
burgh, Ernest Hoff, W. I. T. Hoover, Henry M. Harvey, G. 
W. Keiffaber, J. L. Lehman, I. N. Miller, A. A. Neher, S. A. 
Overholtzer, J. E. Throne, Ernest Vaniman. 

Deacons — J. M. Miller, C. J. Brandt, David Blickenstaff, 
C. M. Barnhizer, Isaiah Brenneman, J. H. Brubaker, Peter 
Dubois, C. E. Dresher, Peter Fesler, M. D. Hershey, David 
Horning, L. C. Klinzman. 

First Degree — Ernest Davis, W. K. Franklin, H. L. Hol- 
sopple, Harvey Hanawalt. 

Deacons — J. L. Miller, John Minnich, J. L. Minnich, 



26 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Jacob Price, Elmer Redman, D. B. Stayer, John Sealer, George 
Ullery, Harvey Vaniman, J. P. Vaniman. 

In 1913 the Lordsburg Church gave for district mission 
work $341.75; in 1914, $380.00; in 1915, $481.00; in 1916, 
$623.20, or a total of $1828.95. 

Good Works. — In 1914 the membership was 310; Sunday 
School enrollment 326; offerings $351.80, teachers 15. 

In 1915 the membership was 333; enrollment in Sunday 
School 390 ; offerings $537.76, teachers 18. 

In 1916 membership 341 ; Sunday School pupils 326; offer- 
ings $359.80, teachers 15. Total offerings in three years 
$1249.40. 

January 21st, 1904, Harvey Vaniman was called to serve 
as deacon. October 7, 1907, Elder Edmond Forney was called 
to act as Elder in charge. 

Elder George F. Chemberlen held a series of meetings in 
March, 1913, and eleven were converted. 

In February, 1915, in a protracted service by Elder W. F. 
England, eighteen were added to the church by conversion and 
two reclaimed. 

During December, 1915, Elder Isaac Frantz held services 
and twenty were baptized and one reclaimed. 

Peter Fessler was Clerk during 1913 and I. V. Funderburg 
for the next three years. 

Love feasts are held semi-annually with about 280 com- 
municants. 

One minister chosen April 5, 1916. 
Ernest Vaniman and wife are supported by this church as 
missionaries at Ping Ting, Hsien, Shansi Province, China. 

A mission was supported in San Dimas for some time. 
James A. Sakakura, a native of Japan, was the first convert, 
admitted September 19, 1909. He was the first Japanese to 
unite with the Church of the Brethren. The increase from this 
beginning has reached seven. 

Number baptized during the past four years 62; received 
by letter, 120; members reclaimed, 4. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 27 

GLENDORA CHURCH 

Originally Glendora was a part of the Covina Church. In 
February, 1889, D. A. Norcross came to that village and placed 
his membership with the Covina brethren and sisters. There 
were six other members in Glendora at that time ; few in num- 
ber, but by no means lonesome. The attractions and virtues 
of like precious faith worked out many values to the few. 
However, in a few months two of the number took train for 
Indiana, leaving D. A. Norcross, Thomas Trout and wife, and 
John R. Wolfley and wife as the only disciples. 




The Glendora Church. 

The first meetings were held in the Christian Church 
house by Elder J. C. Whitmore of Missouri, in the Spring of 
1889. His preaching was unadulterated with world elements. 
All went well until some neglected truths of the Gospel began 
to find entrance into the hearts of some of the disciples of the 
Christian fold, looking to further obedience to Christ, then 
the doors refused to swing open any longer for the evangelist. 

In 1890 other members took residence there. It was 
named a "dry town," not because of want of sufficient water to 
immerse believers, but because it was a place of great quietude 
and anti-saloonism. 



28 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Brother Norcross would not keep quiet, so when series 
of meetings were to be held he had a Godly fashion of making 
his right hand print notices in large, beautiful letters, and the 
trees were utilized to hold them up for people to read. Any 
one who had "learned letters" could not help reading his adver- 
tisements. And the attendance at the services showed that the 
people had read the script printing. A more commendable 
means to announce preaching services is difficult to find. 

Brother Norcross at one time "a single immersionist" 
himself, and finding out better, he was sincerely willing to 
announce the more perfect way to others. S. Snyder and wife, 
Henry Netzley and wife, John Miller and wife and J. E. 
Bosserman and wife were next his associates. 

The same year they asked the Covina church to give them 
preaching services twice each month, and it was granted. The 
effort was characterized by much love and enduring fellowship. 

Now about this time there was a religious band in Glendora 
called the United Brethren, somewhat old fashioned in practice 
and manners. A union of action on plans of services was 
agreed upon by these people and the few members of the 
Church of the Brethren. There was a good deal of "Brethren" 
name among both these people so they concluded to be brethren 
in part, at least, socially. Each agreed to pay half the expenses 
of fitting up the Alosta Hall and the rent thereof. Preaching 
services were held alternately twice each month. On Wednes- 
day evening a joint prayer meeting was held, D. A. Norcross 
conducting it one time and Dr. Lesh the next. The Sunday 
School was also "union." The services were pleasant and agree- 
able. The United Brethren furnished the zeal and our Brethren 
and Sisters furnished the doctrine and practices. The doctrine 
of Christ won the day and the occasion. The Brethren were 
in the minority, but right living was forcible and effective. The 
United Brethren have no flock in Glendora; the Brethren 
number near 188 and some very good works are flourishing 
for "necessary uses." Members increased, good works grew, 
and it is to be hoped that in the silence and stillness of Him 
who sees and does according to His own "good pleasure," found 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 29 

that growth in Spirit is far greater than even good works which 
have been established only for "necessary uses." 

Elder S. G. Lehmer held the first series of services, being 
the first of such meetings available in Alosta Hall by our 
people. The membership were strengthened and a number 
added to the church, notably Sister Sarah Morris, who became 
a very active worker for Christ before she "passed over." She 
had in her soul a constantly burning fire of love and expressed 
it on many occasions in her neighborhood and in the church. 

The third series of services were held in Alosta Hall by 
Elder B. F. Masterson in the spring of 1893. Ten were led 
by the Spirit, through the faith, to lead a new life. 

Soon after this gathering Elder J. S. Mohler conducted 
a number of meetings and God added seven more to the 
church. All these enriching services brought forth fruit. 
Those were days of simplicity when those "of like precious 
faith" clung together as do the oranges upon a healthy tree. 
There was unity of spirit and grace of love. Services were 
held in Alosta Hall until the close of 1894, when a house of 
worship was erected. 

Elder D. A. Norcross entered the field to make sure of 
getting the new house. You who know him realize how difficult 
it is to pass him when any good work is going forward. He 
took charge of the subscription paper for the church building 
and after a brief perambulation over the Covina, Tropico, Los 
Angeles and Glendora regions returned with $930.00 on prom- 
ises. Its genuineness was questioned. This challenge quickened 
the zealous brother and he announced that if not genuine he 
would meet the issue gracefully and righteously. That took 
root. The subscriptions took a new start, and met with such 
a welcome that when the structure was completed, at a cost of 
$1552.40, it was dedicated with joy. Brethren George W. 
Mathias, Henry Netzley and John E. Bosserman superintended 
its construction and every cent was found to have been right- 
eously applied. County Supervisor Cook donated 30 chairs to 
the edifice. Elder Enoch Eby of Blinois preached the dedica- 
tory sermon. 

The first notable events in the new building were a series 



30 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

of sermons by Elder I. D. Parker of Indiana, and his discussion 
with Professor Keith of Kentucky, a minister of the Christian 
or Disciple Church. Brother Parker came out of the discussion 
with great credit to himself and the Church of the Brethren. 
He was assisted in preparation by B. F. Masterson, D. A. Nor- 
cross and Samuel Urey. Later Elder J. W. Lear of Illinois 
conducted a very excellent series of meetings. David Hollinger 
of Ohio and M. M. Eshelman each held Bible Schools after 
all these preaching services. 

Out of "clearing away the brush" or making the pathway 
straight by the building up process, grew the present church 
organization. Like all of God's beginnings in evangelization, 
the preliminary efforts were made by the few, and under very 
trying circumstances. 

October 4th, 1892, the Covina Church took action to put 
the Glendora members under self government by appointing 
E. G. Zug, Ira Netzley and William Overholtzer as a committee 
to report a line between the two congregations. On Novem- 
ber 22nd the membership embraced within the territory of 
Glendora met and elected Elder George Shamberger as pre- 
siding officer, assisted by Elders Edmond Forney, S. G. Lehmer 
and Stephen Johnson and Daniel Deardorf. Elder J. S. Bru- 
baker took charge of the church. D. H. Gnagey, Ira Netzley 
and Oscar Mathias were chosen Trustees, the latter also as 
clerk. On March -2nd, 1903, the congregation was named the 
"Glendora Church of the Brethren." A love feast was par- 
ticipated in May 6 of this year. Elders D. A. Norcross and 
J. W. Trostle were the first delegates to District Meeting held 
in Colton, California. At this meeting there were reported 
three Elders, two ministers, three deacons and eighty-three 
members. 

During the winter Elder D. L. Miller delivered his Bible 
Land lectures and the church contributed to the cause of 
missions $78.87. David Gnagey and Oliver Yost were chosen 
to the diaconate. The first Annual Visit was reported and 
all members were found in love and union with each other. 

From this time on we note the principle working forces 
were J. S. Brubaker, Elder in Charge; Elder S. W. Funk, 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 31 

and D. A. Norcross for a season until he moved to Newberg, 
Oregon. 

There were ninety-two members enrolled at the organiza- 
tion. In ten years seventy-eight were baptized, 177 received 
by letter and 137 dismissed by certificate; five have had fellow- 
ship withdrawn and fifteen have died. The 1912 member- 
ship is 188. This is an exceedingly good showing. 

The first ministerial meeting was held in Alosta Hall, 
Glendora. 

In 1913 the contributions for missions were $140.00; in 
1914, $246.40; in 1915, $231.00; in 1916, $312.80, or a total 
in four years of $930.20. 

In Sunday School work Glendora has been to the fore- 
front. Brother J. C. Whitmer has been Superintendent for a 
number of years and has fine organizing powers with his splen- 
did corps of teachers. The work has resulted in excellent con- 
structions in the Spirit. 

In 1913 there were reported as enrolled 327 pupils; con- 
tributions $404.21. The membership was 200. 

In 1914 there were 321 pupils, and the collections amounted 
to $341.90. The membership was 175. 

In 1915 the enrollment was 335; offerings $350.70; the 
membership 167. 

In 1916 the number of pupils were 242 ; offerings $367.72. 
Eight Sunday School pupils put on Christ this year. 

In 1914 one joined the Lord's assembly and in 1913 seven 
began to serve the Lord. 

The church is under the oversight of George H. Bashor, 
who is giving all his time to the great Cause, much beloved and 
earnest is he. All the services are largely attended. As help- 
ers Brother Bashor has a fine band of deacons, E. G. Zug being 
senior, John Smeltzer, O. P. Yost, Daniel Gnagey, I. B. Netz- 
ley, Daniel Netzley, John Netzley, M. F. Brumbaugh, J. C. 
Whitmer, Elmer H. Heisey, Roy Brubaker and John Gnagey. 

Brother George H. Bashor completed a revival service in 
1916, resulting in eleven conversions. 

The Glendora Church stands well in efficiency. It is 
said that hermid-week prayer services are attended by as many 



32 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

as eighty-five persons. With her splendidly organized Sunday 
School, her Christian Workers, her teachers' meetings, her 
Sisters Aid and Japanese work, her occasional Bible Terms, 
her watchful care, her fixed principles in separation from the 
world and separation unto Christ, she sheds forth "light to the 
world," persuading sinners into Christ. 



INGLEWOOD CHURCH 

The first settlers were W. J. Thomas and several of his 
children and M. M. Eshelman. The church was organized 
March 25, 1896, with the following charter members : W. J. 
Thomas and wife Rebecca, J. S. Thomas and wife Susie, C. F. 
Ives and wife Katie, Mary Thomas, Percy Thomas, wife 
Mollie; Trilly Roush, Samuel Cripe and wife, R. G. McDonald 
and wife, Isaac Boyer, Charles F. Fishel and wife, Sister Boon. 
Later Phillip Moore and wife and W. H. Neher and wife. 
Elder W. J. Thomas had charge of the church. 

In 1901 the church house was built. Dedicatory sermon 
preached by S. G. Lehmer. In 1903 Elder D. L. Miller held 
a series of meetings. In July, 1903, H. A. Whistler was called 
to the Eldership, and in January, 1906, A. W. Vaniman held 
some meetings. 

In 1907 steps were taken to encourage the India Mission. 
In 1910 Dorothy Thomas was assigned work in Redondo and 
the church house built. 

Nineteen hundred and two to nineteen hundred and eleven 
there were thirty-one conversions. The first sister representa- 
tive to annual meeting was Salome A. Watkins (now Eshel- 
man) at Winona Lake, Indiana, in 1910. In Missionary Chris- 
tian Workers and School enterprises the church has been quite 
active. Redondo and Hermosa Beach earnest missionary 
work has been carried on. Inglewood has assisted the District 
Mission Board in the Redondo Mission. 

The Redondo Beach Church House was dedicated July 
28th by J. Z. Gilbert, and Oscar' Mathias was Sunday School 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 33 

Superintendent. In 1911 Elder George H. Bashor held a 
revival in Redondo and seven were added to the church. B. F. 
Masterson, H. H. Ritter, W. Q. Calvert and Hiram Smith 
rendered efficient services in Redondo. 

Oscar Mathias was born June 24, 1887, at Virden, Illinois, 
became a member of the church at Covina in 1894, chosen a 
deacon in 1888 and elected to the ministry October, 1899. 

The church house in Redondo has been moved to Hermosa 
Beach and the mission is now in the care of S. D. Long. 

In Sunday School work and other lines of constructive 
Christian efforts, Inglewood has been very active. Her minis- 
terial force, William J. Thomas, Isaac Thomas, J. C. Calvert, 
W. Q. Calvert, B. F. Masterson and G. W. Kieffaber, who has 
taken charge of her interests. 

In Sunday School work Inglewood has done well ; most 
of the time under the superintendency of Sister Susie Thomas. 
In 1914 there was an enrollment of 71 pupils, and the offerings 
were $86.22. In 1915, enrollment 54 and contributions of 
$106.02; in 1916 the enrollment was 59 and offerings $133.33. 

Hermosa Beach Mission being in her territory, the enroll- 
ment there was 127 and offerings $80.25 ; the total enrollment 
in the two schools was 186 and contributions $213.38, a fine 
showing under the fact that during the past few years quite a 
number of members have moved to other places. 



FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 
LOS ANGELES 

About 1887 J. E. Megie moved from Tropico into East 
Los Angeles at Sichel and Main streets and their home soon 
became a real hospitable stopping place for members of the 
church. The social elements were strong in Brother and 
Sister Megie, and the dear members worked this side very 
freely. Later Elders P. S. Myers and wife took up the re- 
ligious side and earnestly developed what resulted in the First 
Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles. Others, namely 



34 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



Andrew Emmert, wife and daughters, Brother and Sister 
Carpenter, Brother and Sister George Miller, S. G. Lehmer 
and wife Ida, Brother and Sister Buckwalters, all worked to 
one common end. 

This congregation of believers has a most unique begin- 
ning. It had its origin in the Tropico Church and the develop- 



v IvitJuaiH^I 




J 


"■ 


-1 



The First Church of the Brethren in Los Angeles. 
234 South Hancock Street. 



ments were so peculiar that they have a right to the name 
"peculiar people" in this respect. The first church of Los 
Angeles came out of the Tropico Church. The membership at 
Tropico was left to fall into inaction and out of that inaction 
the first church of Los Angeles was organized. Perhaps it 
would be nearer the facts to say that the name of Tropico fell 
into decline and East Los Angeles was substituted, and then 
seven years later Tropico was revived by infusing a ministerial 
force rather than reorganization. In truth Tropico was never 
officially disorganized, but absorbed. The history of the 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 35 

Tropico Church shows her activities from her organization in 
1891 to 1898 was mostly from a Los Angeles point. Gradually 
the membership in the city grew until it overshadowed the mem- 
bership in and around Tropico. However, quite a number of 
the councils and feasts were held in the Tropico Church. Little 
by little the councils were held in a hall on Downey avenue 
and Tropico lapsed into quietude for a season. 

In 1893 Sister Ida Lehmer was authorized to solicit the 
general church to build a house of worship in Los Angeles. It 
was the period of transition from unorganized to organized 
effort in missions in the Church of the Brethren. California 
was then getting the support of organization also. 

From November 21st to 28th, 1898, a great Bible School 
was held at 234 South Hancock street, Los Angeles. Elder 
Andrew Hutchinson preached each evening, and during the 
day E. A. Miller of the Lordsburg College and M. M. Eshel- 
man did the teaching, the latter doing most of the work. His 
outlines, a part of which is herein given, are expressive of the 
first efforts of systematic Bible study among the Brethren in. 
Southern California. 

Books, — Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, (a) Authors, (b) 
When written, (c) Where written, (d) To whom written, 
(e) Time covered, (f) Structure, (g) Teachings. 

Divisions — (a) History, (b) Prophecy, (c) Precepts, 
(d) Doctrine. 

Origin of the Gospels— John XII:49-XIV:10. XVII :8. 
Rom. 1:1. Acts XX:24. 

Jehovah's love — (a) Its extent. John 111:16. (b) Its 
power. Luke IX:46, John 111:17. (c) How manifested. 1 
John 1:2. (d) How diffused in believers. Romans V:5. 

Faith — (a) What it is. Heb. XI :I. (b) By whom given. 
Rom. V:2. (c) Comes by hearing. Romans X:17. (d) How 
it works. Gal. V:6. (e) What it secures. Romans 111:28, 
Acts XXVI :19. (f) When dead. James 11:17-22. (g) Its 
unity. Ephesians IV :5-13. (h) Its victory. 1 John V:4-5. 

Repentence— (a) What it is. Luke XV:17-18. (b) 
How produced. Rom. 11:4. (c) Comes out of what? 2 Cor. 
VII :19. (d) Of things done. Luke XIX :8. (e) Of right 



36 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

things observed. Acts VIII :30. (f) Act of turning. Acts 
XXVI :20, Matt. XXI :29, Rom. VIII :14, Heb. XII :1. 

Ordinances — Prayer. Its basic elements, (a) Divine 
authority. John IX :4. (b) Divine example. Mark 1 :35. (c) 
Divine command. Matt: Vl :9-13. (d) Divine promise. 

Preaching — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority. 

Matt. 111:17. (b) Divine example. Matt. IV:17. (c) Divine 

"command. Mark XVI :15. (d) Divine promise. Matt. X:22. 

Baptism — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority. Matt. 
XXVIII :18. (b) Divine example. Matt. 111:16,17. (c) 
Divine command. Matt. XXVIII :19. (d) Divine promise. 
Matt. XXVIII :20. 

Feetwashing — Its basic elements, (a) Divine authority. 
Jno. XVIII :8. .(b) Divine example. John XIII :5. (c) 
Divine command. Jno. XIII :14, 15. (d) Divine promise. 
Jno. XIII .17. 

The Lord's Supper — Its basic elements, (a) Divine 
authority. Jno. XII :49. (b) Divine example. 1 Cor. XI :25, 
Luke XXII :20. (c) Divine command. 1 Cor. V:8. (d) 
Divine Promise. Jno. XIII; 17, Luke XIV :15. 

The Holy Communion — Its basic elements, (a) Divine 
authority. Jno. VI :57. (b) Divine example. Luke XXII :19, 
20. (c) Divine command. Luke XXII: 19:20. (d) Divine 
promise. Matt. XXVIII :20. 

Principles and application were clearly taught, and re- 
sults pointed out by life and good behavior. 

On March 18, 1899, S. W. Funk was authorized to work 
in the second degree of the ministry. September 30th of the 
same year Charles Brubaker was chosen to the ministry and 
later was sent to India as a missionary by the General Mission 
Board, where he surrendered his present life for the cause, and 
took up life in Jesus' prepared place. At the same time C. W. 
Guthrie was chosen to the diaconate. 

The year 1900 opened with increased activities. Meet- 
ings were held a short time by P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer 
in a hall on the second floor at 119*4 South Spring street, but 
later moved to No. 2600 Downey avenue, where the church 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 37 

worshipped until the church house was completed at 234 South 
Hancock street, which house stands as a monument to the work 
and constancy of Peter S. Myers. 

The Sunday School and Mission Work were prosecuted 
with vigor. George Miller, at the head of the Sunday School, 
gave it his best, and as a leader and singer he placed the Sun- 
day School on a high plane. Additions by conversion and by 
letter came numerously. On January 23rd, 1890, S. G. Lehmer 
was called to the Elder body. In 1901 the Sisters' Aid Society 
took organized form. 

By request of the Egan church the members in San Diego 
were taken over by the Tropico church. Long had the few 
members in San Diego battled alone without ministration of 
the living ministry. 

In 1902 came some anxieties. There was no inconsider- 
able pain over actual and prospective evils arising from lack 
of one-heartedness on world-separation in life and character. 
The plea of centering efforts in the city was growing stronger 
year by year, because the majority of the members lived in 
Los Angeles. The way out to Tropico was by no means as 
felicitous as it once was. The road was there as usual, but it 
had its difficulties of course. J. W. Cline became pastor of 
the church and he stirred up some inactive forces. The church 
secured the aid of the District Mission Board in city needs. 

P. S. Myers and J. W. Cline represented the church at 
the Annual Meeting. Steps were taken to secure a lot for a 
house of worship in Pasadena. Mary, Sarah Gnagey, Fanny 
Light were active pioneers. They were zealous, devout, liberal 
with money. The lot was found on the corner of Herkimer and 
Hudson streets, where now stands a neat church edifice. 

Vernon wanted a live Sunday School and got it. This 
became the nucleus for the South Los Angeles Church. The 
East Los Angeles Church originated the fourth Annual Meet- 
ing District. This thought was first cogitated in the fertile 
mind of P. S. Myers. That idea realized in great form in 1907. 

As the membership increased in the city, the exuberances 
for worshipping at Tropico became less animated. The affec- 
tions were more upon the city environment. The usual in- 
sistences of nearer claims and partnerships made those in 



38 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Tropico more remote. Things in East Los Angeles were at 
hand. Those in Tropico required outstretched arms. To be 
housed in services in Tropico in 1891 was enjoyable. To be 
aggregated in Los Angeles in 1903 was felicitous. Five letters 
of membership were received this year. 

A Sunday School and some evangelistic labors by Christian 
Holsinger at Lacy Street gave spirit and energy to the mem- 
bers. They all seemed to enjoy that opening, but it failed to 
keep a living form. The District Mission Board invested some 
practical sympathy and lifted, to some extent, in the effort. On 
December 26th Sister Delia Lehmer was installed as an Elder's 
wife. The Mission Board was asked to place a missionary at 
Vernon, and Wiliam H. Wertenbaker was located there. 

Some councils were held out at Tropico. The ministry was 
still able "to know how to be full and how to be empty," how 
to be initiated into human experiences and to face humble cir- 
cumstances. It was during this year that magnetic healing or 
"absent treatment" for cures was at high tide. Many were 
affected. Professor Hudson's work on the phenomena of the 
unseen forces had fallen into some member's hands and read 
as if a new revelation had dropped from the skies into their 
laps. They fondled and nursed the teachings until they verily 
thought they were performing "miracles." The air, yes the 
very "winds," of doctrine seemed to abound with healing 
claimants ( ?) ; some insisted that they were "divine healers," 
others magnetic restorers to good health. Any one could take 
his choice at so many ducats per. Like a mighty hypnotic wind 
this force and teachings pervaded many households and more 
heads. The market was full of shouters for "good health" 
their way. All over the land magnetists and necromantic claim- 
ants had "just the right thing." The nervously inclined and 
the real nervous were beckoned to come and "get well." And 
every one should bring the dollars as evidence of "good faith." 
Even Mrs. Eddy's absent treatment was dragged over from 
her domicile into the open market out of "love of money." It 
was held up as a sure wand of hope for every ill, and it was a 
drawing wand indeed ! The United States Mail carried many 
a dollar for this delusion. No wonder the Church of the 
Brethren felt this national spasm. Every spasmodic wave 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 39 

catches some thoughtless soul. Want of watchfulness, by read- 
ing the Book, entangles many. It is often a great hardship to 
become disentangled from erroneous alliances. It is fearful to 
be entrapped with specious imitations. "Magnetism" and other 
forms of hallucinations had their day. They left scars, losses, 
bruises, to what should have been endearing, precious partner- 
ships. Like other spasmodics and deficiencies they came, 
screamed, hurt, and then departed. Hence "present and absent 
treatment" for healing had its clay in court and left its defective- 
ness. Those who rejected it from the beginning never lost any 
love and grace of God by such rejection. However, real mag- 
netic force has its uses and abuses. God moves forward to 
ultimate victory with his own ! Will all the dear brethren and 
sisters learn the lesson of the Book on unseen forces? In 
olden times the use of necromancy, sorcery, witchcraft, wizard- 
ism, familiar spiritism had their just dooms; why will not all 
the believers know and understand that these old elements and 
works of Satan are sure to come to America under new names 
and new forms? They are the same old children here with 
new dresses to deceive ! They come in names as "New 
Thought," "Magnetic Force," "Divine Healing," "Christian 
Science," "Spiritualism," and scores of other names. Be not 
deceived, God will not be mocked in vainl 

On January 1, 1902, the Tropico people asked that their 
passive Sunday School be given new impetus. M. M. Eshel- 
man was given authority to direct it anew and at once brought 
to it new energy. It had gone to sleep under the virgin mis- 
sionary impetus in Los Angeles. Aaron and Clara Wolf were 
active agents in the new order of things. The revived work 
out at Tropico and Sunday Schools at Vernon and Channing 
and on the East Side gave plenty of exercise to the working 
forces of the church. Ella, John and Amanda Buckwalter, P. 
S. Myers, S. G. Lehmer, Levi Hosfeldt, Claudine Miller, the 
Evans family, and many others came up with great hearts to 
prosecute the Lord's work. 

During the year of 1904 J. W. Cline, having given several 
years of pastorate work to the church, resigned. On December 
17, 1904, J. W. Trostle and S. G. Lehmer presided over what 
was considered "a reorganization" of the Tropico church, but 



40 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

was likely only a reanimation of the once active Tropico church. 
It simply claimed its own and started out with felicity and 
high hopes. 

The year of 1906 January 29 found George F. Chemberlen 
in charge of the church. George Chemberlen has forward im- 
pulses and forward proclivities all along the way. He has becom- 
ing pulpit appearances and his word pictures are stretched to 
their limitations. The humorous side has its attractions for him, 
and he gives out thoughts with smiles sometimes aromatic and 
sometimes caustic. George has leadership ability and presiding 
dignities. He rules with a firm hand, not always with the 
nicities of the equities, but with becoming firmness to all. 
Loitering around a question and tarrying or toying with it puts 
into action some inherent, cloture force in his mind, and he 
closes a matter with a promptness bordering on the click of a 
steel joint. He is useful in many ways to God. He was suc- 
ceeded by S. G. Lehmer, December 27, 1907. For four years 
the congregation had great variety of experiences. The Chan- 
ning Street Work was taken over and the local ministry tried 
to edify and construct as the Conference authorized. The ques- 
tion of proper apparel-forms to exemplify simplicity of dress 
was agitated considerably. The General Conference or Annual 
Meeting in common parlance had given seventy advices upon 
the subject, and there was a wide margin as to which of the 
seventy was operative. One would think that seventy was 
quite enough to bring any one to the degree of simplicity in 
exemplification and the wonder was that if seventy were not 
enough, would more help ? In cities the display of ungodliness 
in dress form is so much before the member's eyes that it 
either brings ahborrence or enticements. This ever present eye- 
sight is sure to bring inharmonies more or less. But in times 
of agitation men who seem to be eleven feet tall mentally and 
spiritually become dwarfs on dress matters, and those who are 
pigmies on other important questions drift into giantism on 
dress as it is in the Christian religion. Ought it not to be 
studied from the viewpoint of holiness of life? The diver- 
gencies here grew in proportion as time and distance came upon 
the scenes. Ordinances were a unit in the hearts. The geniali- 
ties on the fundamentals of the Bible were high enough, but 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 41 

the ever present forms came up as a continuous stream of 
water, often roiled at high degree. All the proofs and evi- 
dences of the great Brotherhood were helpless to unify the 
divergencies. Keeping the ordinances here and with others at 
other points was easy, but keeping "the unity of the Spirit" on 
simplicity of dress was a most perplexing task. Why? Not 
because of studied disloyalty, not on account of lack of services, 
for these were well supplied ; not because of lack of places and 
times to teach others who were yet ignorant of the Christ, for 
these were legion in this large city. What then caused the 
lapses into fretting, flurrying and unfelicities? Is it obedience 
to sound advice? Is it lack of adaptation? Is it factionism? 
Constructive spiritualities will follow elimination of carnalities. 
Have the constructives come? We think they have. The 
mortification of the charity that covers a multitude of sins in 
the investigation should cease forever in all the churches. True 
education of heart and soul and head will give their evidences 
of cessation of infraction of Divine Charity. Judicial bodies, 
chosen by the highest authority, may bring judicial counsel and 
decision, but they can never impart "the love of God." This 
must come from above, must come by adaptation to higher 
authority; the grace of penitence and forgiveness in all to- 
ward all. 

The perturbations in this church, reaching out to some 
others, brought to this place a committee from the Annual 
Meeting of 1910. It came, opened avenues of proofs and much 
obiter dictum as well. It took ten days to reach the evidences 
and a conclusion. As is often the case the judicial body could 
not bring a decision suited to each one's particular require- 
ment. Divergence and diversity were thinkable and operative. 
No committee can abound all the time in the nicities and easy 
harmonies toward all minds, especially minds that see from 
angles so diverse. But the mantle of charity, no doubt, will 
be spread over it all and the oil of gladness will heal all sores. 
Not how much one can resent, but how much one can endure, 
and secure the constructives of brotherly love and feeling — 
friendship that bounds high. Few have the finest of judicial 
penetrations. Few can see into the interior of differences and 
lay them apart so that such a variety of minds can place the 



42 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

pieces in happy accord. Few are able to discriminate between 
the differences so as to give himself the needful charity, and 
like a wise judge pronounce right! To be a judge of the judges 
is a very high attainment I To be able to discriminate between 
the true and the false conclusion without all the testimony that 
was in the power of the judicial body, is a marvelous instinct 
or quality! Who but God has it? The voice of heaven still 
rings around this old world, "be careful how and what you 
hear!" It still comes to the ear, "the measure you mete or 
measure with or apportioned to others, will be meted or alloted 
to you." And as if to deter from any evils thrust out of the 
human mind, He adds : "And more shall be measured to 
you." Mark iv :24. The very love of God in one's soul should 
deter from endeavoring to mar the life of a fellow creature I 
Every soul in Christ ought to allow new and holy impressments 
and impulses in the behavior. Engraven truths of the Lord 
are easily erasable. The love of Christ chisels all evils away. 
Though there may be scores dead to righteousness in business, 
in order, in excellencies of faith for the want of true shep- 
herdizing, none will dare to deny ; but losses are no ground for 
personal decay of faith and love. Penitence must precede for- 
giveness. 

Scores have gone out in faith to work elsewhere from the 
East Los Angeles Church since her organization. South Los 
Angeles Church has come from her. Pasadena has been born 
out of her and her works are many. God knows whether her 
works are perfect or not, and will never accord her less than 
the reward she deserves. She has been ever willing to give 
her help to the sister churches. The grace of God's concords 
are greater than human discords and weaknesses. Love has 
its chief values and chastisements are yet grievous, but full of 
peaceable fruits of righteousness to all who are thereby 
exercised. 

Realizing the values of trained members for missionary 
purposes in the large city of Los Angeles, permission to organ- 
ize a Bible School at Santa Fe Mission was given by the East 
Los Angeles Church. On March 20, 1907, quite a number of 
people met at Santa Fe House and organized by electing five 
Trustees, namely: George H. Bashor, G. G. Lehmer, S. S. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 43 

Garst, S. G. Lehmer and William H. Wertenbaker. The body 
was increased in the autumn of 1907 to twelve by a body of 
thirty charter members as indicated in the State Charter. On 
September 27th permission was granted by the Church to use 
the house at 234 South Hancock street for Bible School pur- 
poses on the part of the Berean Bible School, as it was and is 
known, by State authority. 

A great and gracious work of salvation lay spread out over 
this city. Day by day the needs appealed to great hearts. 
Trained workers were very scarce and trained men and women 
were greatly in demand. As there are no bounds to Divine 
teachings, no pent-up preventions to break forth in a land 
replete with liberty to do good to all men, it came to the hearts 
of some to erect a school for the sole purpose to train men and 
women for helps as soul winners. The aim certainly was noble I 
Hence the Berean Bible School came into existence as a friend 
to God and the Church of the Brethren. It took high ground 
on Gospel and common principles and was willing to teach them 
because it believed they were founded upon the Truth of God 
and imbedded in the Church by the Holy Spirit. Its source of 
inspiration were the Holy Scriptures. It has given instruction 
to a large number of persons in the school room and in families. 
It opened one mission at Boyle Heights and turned it over 
to the Church for care. Its members have received great 
inspirations and trained experience in visiting the sick and 
caring for them. God alone understands it all. 

The fourth year was characterized by a Chinese class five 
nights each week. At this writing more than a score have been 
added to the Church. The devotion of the large body of teach- 
ers under the superintendence of Clarence Lehmer is praise- 
worthy. Many sacrifices have been made. 

The membership of 1916 reported to Conference was 122. 
The increase by certificate and conversions were thirty-six. 
The contriubtions for church purposes were $1236.27, and the 
number of sermons at all her services was 372. The amount 
of church activity is commendable. 

In two of her Sunday Schools the 1914 report shows that 
284 pupils were enrolled and $616.33 contributed for the Lord's 
work. 



44 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

In 1915 her four Sunday Schools enrolled 427 pupils and 
the offerings to the Lord were $843.94. 

In 1916 the enrollment was 464 and contributions $901.16, 
showing an increase in both enrollment and offerings. The 
Chinese Sunday School alone gave $144.65 toward the Lord's 
Cause. They are noted for liberal giving. This church has 
from its beginning tried to carry the Gospel to its immediate 
regions with vigor. Her opportunities are many. 

CHANNING STREET MISSION, LOS ANGELES, CAL. 

This Mission was opened April 5, 1897, in a building 
10x12 feet, under the supervision of Sister Ella Buckwalter. 
There were twenty-four children in attendance. Sisters J. G. 
Evans, Daisy Evans, Amanda Myer and Mrs. Hoag were the 
teachers. There were just twenty-four chairs in the building. 

This Mission started in a very peculiar manner. Sister 
Ella Buckwalter was sweeping in front of her residence on 
West Seventh street when a little girl and boy passed. After 
going a little ways the girl turned round and came back and 
asked for clothes as she wanted to go to Sunday School and 
those she had were not good enough. After questioning the 
little girl the Sister found that the parents were in need of 
food. She took the case before the Sisters' Aid Society and 
this Society furnished the food and clothing. When Sister 
Buckwalter delivered the garments she asked whether they 
wanted a Sunday School there and the lady answered, "I have 
been praying for this." Sister Buckwalter took immediate 
steps to open the Sunday School and was assisted by Elder 
Christian Holsinger, who was then employed by the Mission 
Board to do work in the city. In a few Sundays this building 
was too small for the increased attendance, so an old tent 
belonging to the District of Southern California was pitched 
near the place and the attendance grew rapidly. Mischievous 
boys and the wind rendered this tent unusable. At the Bible 
School in East Los Angeles, the same year, the plea was made 
for money to erect a building. The new buidling was com- 
pleted and the Sunday School moved into it December 25, 1897. 
At this time the Mission was under the care of the Mission 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 45 

Board. In this case the Board did not give instructions to some- 
body else, but they appeared on the ground, with other Breth- 
ren, and with saws and hammers and squares did their part 
in the erection of the building. The Board was James Thomas 
and J. C. Whitmer. Sister Ella Buckwalter used to walk six 
blocks from her home on a warm afternoon, on a hot dusty 
sidewalk, and was rewarded by pleasant little faces ready to 
sing their little songs. Her hold upon their hearts was very 
strong. Brother C. W. Guthrie took a lively interest in plant- 
ing into his heart the incentive to become a live missionary 
worker. He kept the building in good condition and was 
Superintendent of the Sunday School for sometime. 

Sister Ella Buckwalter continued to be Superintendent 
for three years and was then succeeded by S. W. Funk shortly 
after he had been called to the ministry. He remained there 
until he was disabled by ill health and after three months' vaca- 
tion was able to take up the work at Santa Ana. He was at 
work in the Channing Street Mission over three years. East- 
side members did considerable teaching here. Several times 
quite a number of young people were lost to the Sunday School 
on account of having transient teachers instead of regular ones. 
The Sunday School grew and prospered, and souls were added 
to the Kingdom of God until about forty were baptized the 
last year. Brother Funk should have remained at Channing 
instead of being transferred to Santa Ana, at least until the 
work was well established. He was a strong believer in estab- 
lishing things before it was left to other hands. 

Brother Funk was succeeded by Brother G. H. Bashor and 
his wife. Both were liked by the members and others for their 
devotion, constancy and indoctrined practices. A great and 
good Sunday School was conducted by them. 

Brother Hewett Taylor and his wife, and Sister Kate New- 
some and Nanny Murray carried on the work successfully. 
They were very efficient workers in the Sunday School, Chris- 
tian workers and preaching services. 

The encroachments of manufacturing interests brought 
about the closing of the Mission and the sale of the building. 
The work was transferred to 923 Santa Fe street, now under 
the care of Brother and Sister W. M. Piatt. 



46 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

BOYLE HEIGHTS MISSION 

One day in the Berean Bible School, Los Angeles, the 
foreman sent two brothers out to the Heights to seek a place 
for a Sunday School. They found a place on Beacon street 
and at once organized a Sunday School, and when it was well 
under way it was turned over to the Church. 

Hiram Smith, John H. Getz and others took an active 
part in the development of the school. Hiram Smith was its 
first Superintendent. Minnie Watts, Lester Blocher and Esther 
La Follette, with many others, have given much service to 
the place. 

The Church erected a neat structure for services, which 
are held twice each Lord's Day. The Sunday School enroll- 
ment for 1912 was 69, average attendance 48 and contributions 
amounting to $30.00. 

The 1916 report shows an enrollment of 63 pupils and con- 
tributions of $57.33. 

The present Superintendent is Lewis Hyde. 

It is the creature of East Los Angeles Church and is 
still fostered by that body. With three missions under her 
care for a long time her members were not permitted to become 
inactive for the want of spiritual effort. 

SANTA FE MISSION 

Some years ago a union service was held on Santa Fe 
street, Oliver Megie and Hiram Smith being leaders in the 
service. Later J. Z. Gilbert and G. G. Lehmer did some preach- 
in at the same place. Later the tent, chairs and fixtures were 
turned over to the Church of the Brethren and M. M. Eshel- 
man held a series of meetings in the winter of 1908. Several 
were added to the Church. 

Next a house was built, viz: thru the efforts of S. G. 
Lehmer, at 1020 Santa Fe avenue on a lot owned by Brother 
Minier. Here the work has grown until the small structure 
is crowded each Sunday with an enrollment ranging from 
ninety to one hundred and seventy-seven, and for quite a num- 
ber of years was under the care of Elder George H. Bashor 
and J. Z. Gilbert. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



47 



The 1912 report shows an enrollment of 148 with an aver- 
age attendance of 84 and contributions to the amount of 
$218.21. 

Nearly every attendant is poor in this world's goods, and 
likely this is the reason for so large an offering. It is now 
under the management of Elder W. M. Piatt, and is the head- 




Trn»e 



SANTA FE SUNDAY SCHOOL 
W. M. Piatt in Door Way. 

quarters of the Sisters' Aid Society in the distribution of 
clothing to the poor. 

The 1916 report shows a total enrollment of 177, an 
average attendance of 110 and contributions amounting to 
$216.27. 

Under the management of W. M. Piatt there were quite 
a number of conversions, and he is still maintaining high in- 
terest by the help of the Holy Spirit. The Mission is noted 
not only for its big work, but for its simple efficient work among 
the poor. To S. W. Funk, G. H. Bashor, W. M. Piatt, Sister 
J. D. Buckwalter and husband, Kate Newsome, Nannie Mur- 



48 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

ray, S. G. Lehmer, G. G. Lehmer and Hiram Smith much 
credit is due for the great work in Missions. Sister McKee 
and Bro. Oliver Megie are strong workers. 



PASADENA CONGREGATION 

First Members — Sarah Gnagy, Mary Gnagy, Fannie 
Light, Benjamin Shepp and wife, E. B. Shepp. 

The meeting house having been built, the Church was 
organized as a congregation, and given authority to serve the 
Lord as separate people, April 14, 1905, by Elders 
E. Forney and J. W. Trostle, who had been appointed by the 
Elders of the District to do the work. The church was dedi- 
cated April 16, 1905. At its organization Brother E. B. Lefever 
was appointed Writing Clerk and C. F. Smith Reading Clerk. 
The following were charter members: 1, Walter Jones; 2, 
Irwin Schrock ; 3, Effie Schrock ; 4, Elisabeth Schrock ; 5, Anna 
M. Weaver ; 6, Eliza Gnagy ; 7, Sarah Gnagy ; 8, Mary Gnagy ; 
9, Mearl Worrel; 10, Arrel Worrel; 11, Hulda Nehr; 12, Mary 
Roland; 13, C. F. Smith; 14, Ivy Smith; 15, Benjamin Shepp; 
16, E. B. Shepp; 17, Fannie Light; 18, Lemuel Worrel; 19, 
Sallie Worrel; 20, Fred Strohm; 21, Rebeca Fisher; 22, Katie 
Trostle ; 23, W. E. Trostle ; 24, E. B. Lefever ; 25, Emma Welta 
Lefever; 26, Sarah Wenger; 27, Ezra Barnhart; 28, Ben- 
jamin Shick; 29, Anna Barnhart. The Church chose W. E. 
Trostle Elder for one year. C. F. Smith was elected to the 
office of Deacon and was elected Church Treasurer. Benjamin 
Shepp, W. E. Trostle and E. B. Lefever were elected Trustees. 
Irwin Schrock was elected Writing Clerk of the Church. 

Sunday School officers were elected as follows : C. F. 
Smith, Superintendent; Walter Jones, Assistant Superinten- 
dent; Effie Schrock, Secretary; Irwin Schrock, Treasurer; L. 
M. Worrel, Librarian; Fred Strohm, Assistant Librarian; Ivy 
Smith, Chorister; Effie Schrock, Assistant Chorister. 

May 3rd, 1906, A. W. Vaniman was elected Elder of the 
Pasadena Church. May 31st, 1906, Fred Strohm and Irwin 
Schrock were chosen and installed into office of Deacon by 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



49 



Elders A. W. Vaniman and S. G. Lehmer, November 28th, 
1907, Elder E. B. Lefever was chosen Elder for the Pasadena 
Congregation for one year. November 21st, 1908, Walter 
Jones was chosen and installed into Deacon's office, making 




The Pasadena Church. 



four Deacons chosen in Pasadena Congregation from April 

14th, 1905 to January, 1917. No ministers were ever chosen. 

Sisters' Aid Society was organized, 1907, with Alice Vani- 



50 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

man President and Elizabeth Weiler Secretary. Alice Vani- 
man served the Sisters' Aid Society as President ten years and 
the Church as Sunday School Superintendent six years. 

November 16th, 1916, the following Church officers, Sun- 
day School and C. W. officers were elected for one year: 

For Moderator, W. E. Trostle, having served the Church 
seven years as Elder. 

Clerk, J. A. Heckman ; Assistant, L. Whitlow. 

Chorister, Effie Schrock ; Assistant, Ray Olwin. 

Treasurer, Benjamin Shepp, he having served the Church 
as Treasurer nine years. 

Messenger Correspondent, Bertha Harper. 

Committee on Church Funds, Ray Olwin, H. Netzley. 

Committee on Wednesday Evening Meeting, Callo Smith, 
H. Puterbaugh, Sister Betts. 

Sunday School officers: 

Superintendent, Ray Olwin ; Assistant, C. M. Heckman. 

Chorister, Edna Schrock ; Assistant, Sister L. Whitlow. 

Secretary, Welta Lefever; Assistant, Ralph Netzley. 

Treasurer, J. A. Heckman. 

C. W. officers: , 

President, Effie Schrock; Vice-President, David Bom- 
berger. 

Chorister, Catharine Bomberger; Assistant, Ivy Smith. 

Secretary and Treasurer, John Gibble. 

Temperance Committee, Sister L. Whitlaw, 1919; Edna 
Olwin, 1918; Sister Netzley, 1917. 

Missionary Committee — Edna Olwin, 1919; Katie Tros- 
tle, 1918; Alice Vaniman, 1917. 

Ministers who have lived in Pasadena Congregation, Elder 
J. W. Trostle, E. B. Lefever, A. W. Vaniman, J. S. Flory, J. 
Snyder, L. D. Bosserman. „ 

Ministers living in Pasadena January 1st, 1917, H. R. 
Taylor, E. B. Lefever, S. I. Newcomer, J. F. Betts. 

W. E. Trostle, Moderator, lives at San Gabriel, member- 
ship in Pasadena. 

Deacons living in Pasadena January 1st, 1917, Walter 
Jones, Thomas Dunbar, Harry Netzley, Daniel Heckman. 

Ministers who have held series of meetings, J. A. Miller, 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 51 

A. W. Vaniman, W. E. Trostle, W. S. Long, D. L. Miller, the 
largest ingathering, seventeen. C. S. Garber, Isaac 
Frantz, M. Dearderff, C. B. Smith, L. D. Bosserman, J. B. 
Emmert, A. Hutchison. 

Membership of Pasadena Church January 1st, 1917, 100. 

Sunday School efforts : 

1914 — Enrollment, 140; offerings, $214.59; teachers, 8; 
officers, 8; conversions, 3. 

1915— Enrollment, 90; teachers, 9; offerings, $221.24. 

1916 — Enrollment, 92 ; teachers and officers, 16 ; offerings, 
$235.11. Sunday School all year. 

H. R. TAYLOR. 



THE POMONA CHURCH 

Organized March 17th, 1907, by Brethren J. A. Weaver 
and Edmund Forney of Lordsburg, Cal. 

The charter members were : Moses Brubaker, Susan 
Brubaker, J. A. Brubaker, Nettie Brubaker, Madge Brubaker, 
Ralph Brubaker, Edwin Brubaker. Anna Brubaker, R. G. 
Baldwin, Louise Baldwin, John E. Herman, S. O. Furry, Katie 
Neher, Bertha Furry, Martha Neher, Effie Neher, Minnie 
Myers, H. A. Vaniman, Ida Vanamin, Samuel Lane, Sister 
Samuel Lane, Ora Rarick, Nora Rarick, Mary A. Royer, 
Peerie Skeen, Mary Niswander, Charles Fike, Sadie Fike, 
Goldie Fike, Ezra Fike, Tena Fike, H. C. Fisher, Lucy Fisher, 
Bennie Fisher, Charles Fisher, Abram Wingerd, Sister Win- 
gerd, Emery R. Yundt, Catheran L. Yundt, Simon E. Yundt. 

Officials and time of organization : 

Trustees of property— Emery R. Yundt, Moses Brubaker, 
John E. Herman ; Secretary, Emery R. Yundt ; Treasurer, H. 
A. Vaniman; Presiding Elder, Simon E. Yundt; Assistant 
Elder, J. A. Brubaker. 

Church officials — Simon E. Yundt, Presiding Elder ; O. J. 
Beaver, Elder; J. A. Brubaker, Elder; E. T. Keiser, Minister 
of Second Degree. 

Deacons — J. E. Herman, S. O. Furry, H. A. Vaniman. 

First Sunday School was organized the first Sunday in 



52 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

April, 1905. Average attendance about thirty up to the or- 
ganization of the Church. 

Officers : 

H. A. Vaniman, Superintendent. 

Effie Neher, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Watson Badger, Assistant Superintendent. 

Edwin Brubaker, Chorister. 

H. R. Taylor had charge of the preaching services the first 
year, after that S. E. Yundt. 

October has been an auspicious month in the life of Brother 
Yundt. He was chosen Deacon, and to the Ministry, advanced 
to further responsibilities in the ministry, selected Elder in 
charge in Batavia, Illinois, moved to California, chosen Elder 
of Lordsburg Church, and re-elected for six consecutive years, 
all in the month of October. 

In 1907 Elder Yundt was moderator of the District Meet- 
ing in the Oak Grove church and again at the Inglewood 
District Meeting of 1908 and later at Long Beach in 1910. He 
has served on the Standing Committee of General Conference 
several times and on a number of local committees. He was 
for several years in charge of the Lordsburg church. Of 
sturdy character he makes plain in preaching some very ex- 
cellent subjects. He has been overseer of the Pomona church. 
He has seen considerable service among the Brethren both in 
Illinois and California. He baptized over 200 converts. 

In 1913 the Pomona Church gave for missions, $85.00; 
in 1914, $110.60; in 1915, $166.50; in 1916, $523.10; or a total 
of $825.20. 

In 1913 the enrollment of pupils in Sunday School was 
96; offerings, $129.63; conversions, 17. 

In 1914 enrollment was 75, offerings $90.00. 1915 no 
report. 

In 1916, pupils 74, offerings $103.35, for education 
$100.00. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 53 

THE FIRST CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN OF LONG 

BEACH 

John Rentier, I. S. Overholtzer and family, Rachel Bol- 
linger, Mary Canfield, and B. F. Masterson and wife were 
among the first members to locate in Long Beach. During the 
summer of 1906 some more members moved in. The Alamitos 
Library Hall was leased and religious services were conducted. 
On the 17th of February, 1907, an organization was effected 
and Elder W. E. Trostle was elected Elder in charge, and B. F. 
Masterson as Pastor, H. V. Ketcherside Clerk, I. S. Over- 
holtzer Treasurer and J. M. Shively Correspondent. 

B. F. Masterson was chosen as delegate to the Annual 
Meeting held at Los Angeles, and J. M. Shively as delegate to 
the District Meeting held at Laton. 

The boundary of this Church District was as follows: 
The Santa Ana car line on the north, Orange County line on 
the east, and the San Gabriel river on the west. May 20th, 
1916, the line was extended on the north to the P. E. Gardena 
car line and from Western avenue to the city limits of Redondo 
Beach, including the town of Lomita. 

CHARTER MEMBERS 

B. F. Masterson (Minister second degree) and Elizabeth 
H. Masterson. 

J. H. Larick (Minister second degree). 

William Roberts (Deacon) and Mariah Roberts. 

William A. Bohn (Deacon) and Ella Bohn. 

Oral Bohn. 

I. S. Overholtzer and Jennie Overholtzer. 

Cora Overholtzer. 

H. V. Ketcherside and Hattie Ketcherside. 

W. H. Larick and Lillie Larick. 

John Renner. 

J. M. Shively and Katie Shively. 

Mary Canfield. 

Rachel Bollinger. 

Sunday School was organized with I. S. Overholtzer 



54 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



Superintendent, J. M. Shively Assistant Superintendent, Oral 
Bohn Secretary, and W. H. Larick Treasurer. 

The Church was incorporated July, 1907, according to the 
laws of the State of California, as the First Church of the 
Brethren of Long Beach, with J. M. Shively, I. S. Overholtzer 
and H. V. Ketcherside Trustees. 

The Christian Workers Society was organized September 
29th, 1907, with Susie Forney President and Lucy Shively 
Metzger Secretary. 




Long Beach Church. 



The following are the Elders who have presided over the 
Church to date : 

Elder W. E. Trostle, 1907, 1909, 1910 and 1911. 

Elder Urias Shick, 1908. 

Elder George F. Chemberlen, 1912. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN' 55 

Elder J. Scott Snively, 1913. 

Elder W. F. England, 1914. 

Elder A. C. Root, 1915 and 1916. 

Pastors who have served the Church : 

Elder B. F. Masterson, 1907 to and including 1910. 

Elder A. L. B. Martin, 1911 to and including 1913. 

Ministerial Committee, 1914, 

Elder A. C. Root, 1915 and 1916. 

Pastor's Helpers: 

Susie Forney, 1907 to and including 1910. 
Effie Metzger, 1911. 

Officers installed into office: 

J. M. Shivery and wife, Deacon, February 17th, 1909. 

Charles Snell and wife, Deacon, January 12th, 1913. 

B. F. Masterson, ordained to the Eldership, May 20, 1911. 

Harvey Snell and wife, to second degree, May 7th, 1909. 

Officers who have held their membership in this church 
since its organization : 

Elder B. F. Masterson, Elder Urias Shick, Elder William 
Horning, Elder J. Scott Snively, Elder J. K. Shively, Elder A. 
C. Root, Elder Z. Hendricks. E. S. Strickler and Harvey Snell, 
ministers in the second degree. 

Deacons — J. M. Shively, J. C. Whitmer, Charles Snell, 
George W. Rexroad, William Roberts, Frank Horning, H. V. 
Wall, Josiah Sparks. 

Deaths of Officers: 

Elder Urias Shick, August 19th, 1913. 

Elder E. W. Horning, May 4th, 1915. 

ERECTION OF CHURCH HOUSE 
The first church edifice was dedicated October 20th, 1907, 
the sermon being delivered by Elder W. E. Trostle. The 
locating and building committee were : J. M. Shively, I. S. 
Overholtzer and B. F. Masterson. The cost of house and lot 
was $3750. 

The new building was dedicated October 29th, 1916. The 
sermon was delivered by Elder G. W. Kieffaber. The corner- 
stone was laid May 21st, 1916, the sermon for the occasion 



56 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

being delivered by Elder G. F. Chemberlen and the ceremonial 
exercises by Elder A. C. Root. The Finance Committee were : 
H. H. Vaniman, Chairman ; Frank Hoover, Secretary, and 
Stella Vaniman, Treasurer. The Building Committee was: 
E. K. Beekley, Chairman ; T. J. Rummonds, Secretary, and 
Frank Horning, Treasurer. The cost of the building was about 
$6000, and at this writing the Church is in a prosperous con- 
dition with a membership of about 94. 

Church Officials : 

Elder A. C. Root, Elder and Pastor in charge; Elders J. 
Scott Snively and B. F. Masterson, Associate Elders. 

Deacons : William Roberts, Frank Horning, J. M. Shively, 
George Rexroad and Josiah Sparks. 

Officers of the Sunday School : E. K. Beekley, Superin- 
tendent ; Frank Horning, Assistant Superintendent ; Mrs. E. K. 
Beekley, Secretary; Mrs. H. H. Vaniman, Chorister. The 
School has an enrollment of 142 and an average attendance 
of 122. 

Officers of the Christian Workers: Anna Browning, 
President ; Esther Rummonds, Secretary and Treasurer. 

The Missionary Society was organized in August, 1914, 
with H. H. Vaniman President, May Rummonds Vice-Presi- 
dent, Gertrude Shiflet Secretary and Bertha Wine Treasurer. 

The Mothers' and Daughters' Society was organized in 
August, 1914, with Emma Root President, May Rummonds 
Vice-President, Gertrude Shiflet Secretary and Blanche Frantz 
Treasurer. This was the first organization of the kind effected 
in the district. 

OBITUARIES 
Elder Urias Shick was born in the State of Ohio. When 
yet a child he came with his parents to the State of Illinois. 
Was married. Served in the Union Army three years, after 
which he and his wife united with the Church of the Brethren 
and served in the ministry many years. His field of operation 
was mainly in the rural districts of Nebraska, to which State 
they moved in the year 1871. He moved to Long Beach in 
1907 and fell asleep in Christ the 19th day of August, 1913. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 57 

Elder W. E. Horning was born in the State of Maryland. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren in Montgomery 
County, Pa., at the age of seventeen and was united in marriage 
to Priscilla Rittenhouse November 31st, 1851. Soon after his 
marriage he was elected to the Deacon's office. In 1855 they 
moved to Rock Creek, 111., where in the year 1860 he was 
elected to the Ministry. They moved to South Dakota in 
the year 1883, where he was ordained to the Eldership. His 
labors resulted in the organization of the Willow Creek Church. 
In 1910 he moved to Fruita, Colorado, and in 1913 came to 
Long Beach, Calif., where he lived with his son Frank till he 
fell asleep May 4th, 1915, aged 86 years, 6 months and 24 days. 

The Sisters' Aid Society was organized November 17th, 
1907, with Katie Shively President, Susie Forney (Minich) 
Vice-President, Mrs. Margaret Rosenberg Secretary and Jen- 
nie Overholtzer Treasurer. The charter members were Katie 
Shively, Susie Forney, Bertha Snell, Eunice Horning, Eliza- 
beth Masterson and Mrs. Rosenberg. The Society has been 
prosperous and much has been done in helping the needy as 
well as the Church, and it is growing in numbers and activity 
since moving into their new quarters in the basement of the 
church. Katie Shively is President, Ollie Beekley Secretary 
and Stella Vaniman Treasurer. 

B. F. MASTERSON. 

HEMET CHURCH 

In Riverside County, southeast of the City of Riverside. 
The first minister, I. M. Gibbel, a native of Pennsylvania, com- 
ing here from the Sugar Creek congregation, near Auburn, 
Illinois. He carried with him the vigor and strength of Spirit- 
ual Construction. He purchased several hundred acres of good 
land and quickiy arranged a comfortable home. He also main- 
tained in his home a liberal supply of divine grace, being full 
of faith and spiritual entities, his ministry was energized to 
the good of God's cause. He built a church house near Egan 
and gathered around him a small family of God's heritage, and 
led the way by example and other means of expression to better 
earthly and spiritual conditions. 

He was an Elder of good counsel, ever leaning upon the 



58 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Word for guidance, true to his ministerial and church vows. 
He never manifested any disposition of having accepted official 
position or responsibilities with "mental reserve." His earnest 
and faithful wife, Fanny, seconded his most zealous efforts to 
promote the Cause of Christ. Members, at the time of organ- 
ization in the fall of 1893, consisted of families. I. M. Gibbel, 
Elder; Jonathan Brubaker, Minister; Abram Gibbel, C. J. 
Brant, Deacons. G. W. Prizer, J. C. Whitmer, S. E. Yoder 
and others. Every reasonable effort was made to spread the 
doctrine of the Cross. Some of the members moved to other 
fields ; but while some moved away, others were addel by letter 
and conversion. 

In the year 1897 Brother S. E. Yoder was called to the 
ministry, later was advancel, and still later ordained to Elder- 
ship. In October, 1905, the Lord called Elder I. M. Gibbel 
from his labors to his reward, from which time the duties of 
the Eldership rested with Elder S. E. Yoder. Preaching ser- 
vices, Sunday School and Christian Workers Meetings were 
means of grace to those abiding there. In 1908 Brother O. L. 
Minnich was called to the ministry, and I. B. Gibbel as Deacon ; 
later Brother O. L. Minnich was alvanced in the ministry. 

At present date there are two ministers and three deacons. 

In the year 1914 a commodious house of worship was 
erected in the town of Hemet, and dedicatel January 24, 1915, 
at which place services'are conducted at present. 

Number of members at time of organization, 21 ; addition 
by baptism, 38 ; received by letter, 43 ; letters granted to mem- 
bers, 46 ; loss by death, 6 ; disowned, 2 ; membership at present 
date, November, 1916, 48. 

In 1913, contributed for missions, $9.67; in 1914, $39.20; 
1915, $40.00; in 1916, $60.35. Total of $149.22. Sunday 
School work reported, in 1914, enrollment, 46; offerings, 60.00; 
in 1915, enrollment, 34; offerings, $60.00; in 1916, enrollment, 
38 ; offerings, $56.87. 

SANTA ANA CHURCH 

The Mission Board undertook to open work in Santa Ana 
in the spring of 1902 and placed Brother S. W. Funk in charge. 
The Mission Board and Brother Funk selected the location, 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 59 

the former buying the Episcopal Church House out in the 
country and moving it into the city of Santa Ana. At this time 
there was only one member in this region, Sister Nancy Marsh- 
burn, who lived seven miles from the city. Brother Funk had 
as a helper, Sister Kate Newsome for about six weeks or dur- 
ing a series of meetings, using means for advertising these 
meetings through circulars. A long list of subjects was printed 
and the audience was permitted to select such subjects as they 
desired to hear. After the first three or four services Brother 
Funk delivered eight or ten sermons on doctrinal or practical 
subjects so that the audience might know, from the beginning, 
what the faith and the practices were of the Church of the 
Brethren. The audience numbered from seventy-five to one 
hundred each evening. A good Sunday School was early estab- 
lished and quite well attended. Some members made homes 
out in the country, thus not giving a very regular attendance in 
the city. 

Brother Funk resigned in August, 1903, on account of 
sickness and death in his family. At that time there were about 
twenty-five members in the Santa Ana Church. When 
Brother Funk retired the prospects were excellent for a large 
membership, both by immigration and conversion. Brother 
Funk exercised great care in giving thorough instructions be- 
fore inviting into membership. Lack of teachers for Sunday 
School work was keenly felt. 

In 1914 — Elder B. F. Masterson of Long Beach was Elder 
in charge. 

Resident Ministers — Jos. Bashor, Chas. Nininger and 
John Wine. 

Elder S. G. Lehmer, B. F. Masterson and William Thomas 
had the oversight of this congregation for a time. Elder An- 
drew Snowberger now has charge. 

C. E. Ninniger, Joseph Bashor and J. M. Wine are his 
assistants, and A. Klein Wolford, recently elected. 

In 1916 report, membership was 40, the Sunday School 
enrollment 61 and average attendance 46. The gain in mem- 
bership was 5, and the total offerings for Christian work was 
$111.00. 

In 1914 the Sunday School enrollment was 64 and con- 



60 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

tributions for good works $57.64. In 1915 the enrollment was 
80 and offerings $85.60. 

SANTEE CHURCH 

Down near Mexico near the Mexican line in the pretty 
El Cajon (El-Ka-hone) Valley, in San Diego County, is the 
Santee Church. This congregation was organized in January, 
1912, and was put into working order by Elder George H. 
Bashor and Harvey Snell. The charter members were E. C. 
Johnson, wife and daughter; Brother and Sister Wyat, Brother 
and Sister Pratt. Others were added later by certificate. The 
Mission Board supplied for awhile a minister twice each 
month. The membership report in 1916 was twenty, the offer- 
ings from the Sunday School for the year 1916 was $24.66; the 
average attendance at Sunday School was twenty-one. Eugene 
W. Pratt is the resident minister. The El Cajon Valley with 
its genial climate is a very pretty place to reside. The Santee 
Church is the most Southernly congregation of the Church of 
the Brethren in California. 

EL CENTRO CHURCH 

This was formerly known as the Imperial Valley Church, 
but for title reasons it took the name "El Centre" Really, 
these members are the pioneers in the valley and for sometime 
were shepherded by Elder W. M. Piatt. Back of this body lay 
an aggressive missionary spirit, but poverty prevented them 
from spreading out very far. 

W. E. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer and H. R. Taylor held meet- 
ings for them. The first love feast was at the home of L. M. 
Van Horn, April, 1916. An offering of $25.00 was given to 
the Cause. 

W. E. Trostle held a series of meetings in the Alamo 
region and seven souls were added to the Church. In 1908 the 
little struggling band was taken over by the District Mission 
Board. In 1909 the first Sunday School in the valley was 
underway with a membership of twenty-seven, being led by 
Brother E. S. Strickler. In a few weeks the enrollment was 
a half a hundred. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



61 



June 20, 1909, W. M. Piatt began a series of revival meet- 
ings in the El Centro Grammar School building. The meeting 
closed with a love feast. Thirty communed and three were 
added to the Church. 

October 3, 1909, part of this Church was organized at 
Holtville. 




El Centro Sunday School. 

Elder S. G. Lehmer preached the first sermon in the valley 
in 1891. Two years later Elder H. R. Taylor held some meet- 
ings in the home of Brother W. F. Gillette, and three were 
added to the Church. During this year George Hanawalt, D. 
L. Miller and David Overholtzer assisted them. 

In December, 1908, the District Mission Board located 
W. M. Piatt at El Centro. At the present time the interests 
of the Church are looked after by Brother .C S. Hoff, formerly 
of Kansas. 

IMPERIAL VALLEY CHURCH 

This Church was organized January 14, 1910. The fol- 
lowing were enrolled as Charter Members: C. E. Gillette, 
Rachel E. Gillette, Sr., Fannie McCall, Lottie McCall, R. L. 



62 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

McCall, Abraham McCall, Abraham Huckelby and wife, 
Richard Huckelby, J. N. Statler, Maggie Statler, O. E. Gillette, 
John Gillette, Harry Stephens, Samuel Stephens, Minnie Gil- 
lette, Flora Gillette, Polly Stephens, Nellie Kuns, Hazel 
McCall, Rachel E. Gillette, Jr., Zettie Stephens, Bertha Gillette, 
Elsie Gillette, Leona Huck, W. F. Gillette and Mary C. Gillette. 

There is no minister at this point, and nearly all the mem- 
bers have moved to other parts of the country. 

Elder C. E. Gillette, Sr., became its first Overseer. 

Elder W. Q. Calvert resided here for awhile and rendered 
good service. 

GLENDALE CHURCH, ARIZONA 

This Church was organized December 31, 1892. Elder 
Peter Forney presided at this meeting and made his home here 
during the remainder of his life. The Charter Members were : 
Peter Forney, Peter Eisenbise and his wife and two daughters, 
L. Eisenbise and wife, J. G. Parrette and wife, C. E. Gillette 
and wife, N. D. Hadsell and daughter Hetty, L. R. Vanhorn 
and wife, H. L. Betz and wife, Mrs. Roy Thayer, Mrs. Lemuel 
Jones and Nathan Firestone and wife. A love feast imme- 
diately followed the organization. 

Peter Forney pioneered the cause here and also organized 
a few members at Camp Verde, and this little flock was cared 
for by Elder C. E. Gillette. 




Charles Ronk. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 63 

Elder D. A. Norcross of Lordsburg, California, had 
charge for awhile in Glendale. He was followed by Elder 
Durr, and he by Charles Ronk, who is doing very efficient work 
at this time. 

The membership is at present eighty-nine; the enrollment 
in the Sunday School is sixty with an average attendance of 
fifty. Their contribution for all purposes during the year 1916 
was $279.42. They had one hundred and ninety-two preaching 
services during the year. 

Brother Charles Ronk now has the work in hand, and the 
1916 report shows the Sunday School enrollment to be 60, the 
offerings $92.76, and money contributed for all purposes 
$279.42. Six were converted, 192 preaching services held, 
30 being revival sermons, 40 prayer services and 4 children's 
meetings. 

PEARCE CHURCH 

Sunday School was organized in August, 1909, in a school 
house. Five families were represented ; G. Roper of Lords- 
burg, Cal., being chosen first Superintendent and Sister O. S. 
Pratt Assistant. Brethren literature was adopted. Later a 
Sunday School was organized three miles south from Brother 
Pratt's home, and of this organization Sister Pratt became 
Superintendent and had charge until June, 1912, when Fred 
Williams became Superintendent and Sister Pratt Assistant. 
About this time Brother Yoder held a series of meetings and 
some were added to the flock. Kate Lidsay became Secretary 
and Earl Schearber Treasurer of the Sunday School. From 
fifteen to thirty were in attendance. Christian Workers services 
were also held. At the organization of the Church there were 
twenty-five members. The organization was effected under the 
direction of W. E. Trostle. It is gratifying that members are 
opening the work of Divine Grace in Arizona at various points. 
It is a hopeful field for active workers. 

For some years the Mission Board of this Dis- 
Phenix trict has assisted in a mission in Phenix, and 

Mission. at this time Elder Levi Keltner has charge. 

The work has been prosperous under both 
Brother Keltner and Brother C. W. Guthrie, who preceded 
him. 



64 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

SOUTH LOS ANGELES CHURCH 

June 24, 1904, Sunday School was organized in the south- 
ern part of Los Angeles and a committee appointed to look 
after its interests. October 18 the District Mission Board 
asked East Los Angeles Church to raise $200.00 to aid in 
establishing a permanent mission. 

The Mission Board then purchased a lot at Fiftieth Street 
and Hooper Avenue and secured Wm. H. Wertenbaker and 
wife to take charge of the work, which they did November 
15, 1904. 

A chapel was erected and dedicated January 1, 1905, 
Elder P. S. Myers preaching the dedicatory sermon. The 
Christian Workers Society was organized at this time. The 
dedication was followed by a three weeks' revival under the 
direction of Brother Wertenbaker. Within three months a 
larger house was needed. In May, 1905, an addition 24x34 
was erected. 

During the year 1905 the Cradle Roll and Home Depart- 
ments were added to the Sunday School. July was a time 
of rejoicing when the first converts, Edward Hess and wife, 
were received. 

In February, 1906, Elder Levi Winklebleck held a revival 
and baptized one. 

April 15, 1906, the Mission was organized into the South 
Los Angeles Church with fifty-three charter members, as fol- 
lows: Wm. H. Wertenbaker and wife, David Priddy, George 
Browning, Al L. Elmer, and Laverne Davison, Alice Cheney, 
Pearl, Jessie, and Fred Stevens, Asa J. Trostle and wife, Wm. 
H. Keim and wife, Emma Boone, E. J. Hill and wife, Stewart 
Cline, Dollie Hunton, Henry Guthrie, Elmer Rench, Edward 
Hess and wife, Harvey Snell, Eunice Horning, Elizabeth, 
Daisy, Raymond and Earl Evans, Andrew Hastie and wife, 
Frank Cheney, Edna McClanathon, Mary Peak, Isaac Long 
and wife, Josiah Sparks and wife, Mary, Bertha and Lottie 
Stauffer, Bertha Barklow, Peter Carlson and wife, Eddie, 
Mable and Fannie Carlson, Wm. Davie and wife, Phronie 
Peters, Matilda and Ellice Laycock. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



65 



W. E. Trostle was elected Presiding Elder, A. J. Trostle 
Clerk, Wm. H. Keim Treasurer. Trustees: David Priddy, 
Wm. H. Keim and A. L. Davison. 

The Official Body was composed of Elder W. E. Trostle 
of Pasadena, who was chosen Presiding Elder ; Wm. H. Wer- 
tenbaker, Pastor ; Josiah Sparks, Deacon, and A. L. Davison 
and Harvey Snell, who were elected Deacons at this time. 




The South Los Angeles Church. 



The year 1907 was one of growth. In April was held 
the first love feast, at which fifty members communed. 

Harvey Snell was elected to the ministry and Harvey 
Frantz and David Priddy to the Deaconship ; Wm. H. Werten- 
baker was ordained to the Bishopric in May. Having again 
outgrown the Church building it was demolished and a new 
one erected at a cost of $2800.00. 

The Building Committee chosen were C. W. Guthrie, 
Wm. H. Keim, A. L. Davison and W. E. Trostle, the latter 
representing the Mission Board. The Mission Board having 
contributed to the building fund, George H. Bashor superin- 
tended the construction of the building. 



66 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Elder W. F. England of Lordsburg preached the dedica- 
tory sermon on the 26th of July. 

A Ladies' Aid was organized and eight received into the 
fellowship of the Church as a result of revival efforts con- 
ducted by the pastor, Wm. H. Wertenbaker and his wife. 
December closed the year by seeing Brother C. H. Page 
elected Deacon. 

In 1908 C. W. Guthrie was called to the ministry. During 
this year and 1909 series of meetings were held by Elders W. 
E. Trostle, S. W. Funk, and W. F. England. Twelve were 
added to the church making a total membership of one hun- 
dred. The need for more help on the official board was met 
by electing N. J. Brubaker to the ministry and A. J. Trostle 
and A. O. Cropper to the Deaconship in 1910. 

From January, 1912, until December, 1914, Wm. H. 
Wertenbaker served both as Elder and Pastor. During this 
period the annual offerings given to the district and general 
boards of the Brotherhood averaged over three hundred and 
forty-four dollars. The Pastor conducted a teacher training 
class from which sixteen graduated. The Sunday School grew 
from an average attendance of one hundred and thirty-two to 
one hundred and eighty-three. 

Wm. H. Keim and Merrill Q. Calvert were added to the 
Deacon body by election. In 1915 George F. Chemberlen 
became Presiding Elder. J. W. Cline who had been called to 
the superintendency of the Sunday School the previous year, 
continued to direct its activities. As a result of the efforts 
put forth by him and his co-workers twenty-three were led to 
unite with the church. Following this Elder Isaac Frantz 
directed a series of evangelistic meetings during which ten 
more were received by baptism. Elder J. Z. Gilbert had the 
oversight of the Church during 1916. 

Nineteen seventeen comes to us with George F. Chember- 
len for Presiding Elder and Robert H. Miller, the son of 
Elder R. H. Miller, as Pastor. 



SOME LIVING TRUTHS FROM THE DISTRICT CON- 
FERENCES 

The First District Meeting of California was held April 6, 
1889, in Covina. Covina and Conejo (ka-na-ho) being repre- 
sented. Christian Wine was Moderator, Jacob Whitmore a 
transient, Reading Clerk, and D. A. Norcross, Secretary. 
Covina was designated as church number one and Conejo num- 
ber two. 

The first general topic was upon missions. The General 
Church erection and Missionary Committee, now the General 
Mission Board, was requested to contribute twenty-five dollars 
toward the evangelist's (Jacob Whitmore) expenses, then doing 
work in Southern California. 

The second paper related to the efficiency of evangelists. 

A preamble and resolutions from Covina, the substance of 
which set forth that the principles of the Church should be 
maintained by the General Church Erection and Missionary 
Committee, taking steps to guard against unfitness and un- 
worthiness of traveling evangelists. 

The Conejo Church asked that the following query be sent 
to Annual Conference : "This Church petitions Annual Meet- 
ing to reconsider the decision made in 1881 in regard to elec- 
tions and that Annual Meeting authorize the churches in the 
Brotherhood to elect hereafter by a majority of all the votes 
cast." 

This indicates that the churches had no desire to run ahead 
of Annual Conference by adopting methods contrary to Con- 
ference and thus break the unity of the Spirit. 

District Meeting was held on February 22, 1890, 
1890 on East Workman Street, Los Angeles. 

Churches represented were Covina, Conejo, 
Tropico. Elder Peter Overholtzer was Moderator, Elder J. S. 
Flory Reading Clerk and Aaron Wolf Secretary. 

Why use unfermented wine to represent the blood of 



68 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Christ in redemption? Referred to Luke 22:17, 18, 22; Mark 
14 :23, 24, 25 ; Matthew 26 :29 and 1 Corinthians 1 1 :23. 

"Is the admotion of Paul in 1 Cor. 16:2 binding on the 
Church today ? Answer : "Yes." It is the duty of every mem- 
ber to lay by in store for the replenishing of the Church Treas- 
ury as the Lord has prospered him." 

This indicates that the District was helding close to the 
apostolic method of securing God's means for God's uses. 

A strong resolution was adopted extending an invitation 
to Elder R. H. Miller to visit the churches in California. Death 
claimed him before he could accept this brotherly request. 

The number to constitute District Mission Board was 
changed from five to three. D. A. Norcross, David Over- 
holtzer and W. H. Hepner were chosen. 

The Third District Meeting was held in Conejo 
1891 (Ka-na-ho) Church April 10th. J. S. Flory, Mode- 

rator ; T. J. Nair, Reading Clerk ; M. M. Eshelman, 
Secretary. Delegates : Covina, J. S. Flory, J. H. Miller ; 
Canejo, C. Wine, George F. Chemberlen; Lordsburg, T. J. 
Nair ; M. M. Eshelman. Lordsburg Church became the fourth 
in the District. 

Here the first rules for the government of the District 
Meeting were adopted. 

The missionary spirit was extant. Covina asked that steps 
be taken to secure a good minister and his wife to be at work 
constantly, and that means be procured to forward the work. 
The following answer was adopted : 

"The local churches should urge the members to be liberal 
in contributing and to aid the ministers to do more preaching 
of the gospel wherever there are openings." Referred to a 
committee on Plan of Work. 

Provision was made that either J. S. Flory or M. M. Eshel- 
man should represent the District at the Annual Meeting 
of 1891. 

Three dollars were appropriated to meet Annual Meeting 
expenses and forwarded to S. H. Myers of Timberville, Va. 

D. A. Norcross was to serve three years, W. H. Hepner 
two years, Darius Overholtzer one year. There being no defi- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 69 

nite rules whereby the Board could work, a committee was 
chosen to prepare a plan of work. The Committee presented 
the following, which was adopted : 

1. The New Testament to be the constitution for the 
guidance of the Missionary Committee. 

2. Five members shall constitute the Committee. 

3. Since D. A. Norcross and W. H. Hepner are members 
of the Commttee, they are declared a part of it. 

4. At the first meeting of the Missionary Committee the 
terms of service shall be determined by lot. 

5. The Committee shall employ such faithful ministers as 
it can secure for the means at hand. 

6. Officers shall be chosen from among their number. 

7. In case local churches shall not appoint solicitors, then 
the Committee may appoint them. 

8. The Committee shall observe the following in its 
report : 

(a) Who were employed to preach and where. 

(b) The number of members received into the Church 
by confession and baptism or otherwise. 

(c) The condition of the congregation or congregations 
organized. 

(d) Congregations assisted in building church houses. 

(e) Amount of money received and from whence. 

(f) Expenditures and for what purposes. 

(g) The Committee to make rules for its government 
and suggest to District Meeting improvements to advance the 
work. 

Committee — M. M. Eshelman, J. S. Flory, W. H. Hep- 
ner, George F. Chemberlen. 

Dstrict Meeting Board — D. A. Norcross, W. H. Hepner, 
M. M. Eshelman, J. H. Miller, Darius Overholtzer. 

J. F. Neher was chosen as State Evangelist. 

The officers of the Meeting were authorized to prepare and 
forward a letter to Annual Conference at Hagerstown, Md. 

The amount of money received was $146.61 and expended 
$74.01. Two persons were received at the Olive Heights Mis- 



70 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

sion at East Riverside. Fifteen dollars' worth of tracts were 
used. 

Annual Meeting of 1894 was asked to meet in California. 

The District Meeting was held in Lordsburg Feb- 
1892 ruary 8th in the College Chapel. 

Delegates : Covina, Peter Overholtzer, D. A. 
Norcross; Conejo, By letter; Tropico, J. E. Megie, Aaron 
Wolf ; Lordsburg, Dr. S. S. Garst, Peter Hartman. 

J. S. Flory served as Moderator, T. J. Nair Reading Clerk, 
B. F. Masterson Secretary. 

The Conejo Church asked Annual Conference if a letter 
of membership could be withheld from a brother because he 
was in debt, yet willing to pay as soon as he could. 

The last Saturday in March of each year was named as 
the date of holding District Meetings. 

Where there was more than one Elder in a congregation 
there should be no distinction as to rulership. Each had the 
same authority in oversight. 

It was agreed that no local church had the right to vote 
the Sunday School to first place in service and preaching to 
second place. Sunday School was not to have priority over 
preaching services. 

This petition asked Annual Conference to repeal all grants 
of insurance of any kind and to trust the "church for pro- 
tection." Refused. 

"Since the tendency of short sermons and short services is 
growing, will this District Meeting say whether this tendency 
is leading to Gospel or Apostolic examples?" The answer is: 
"We advise that brethren use discretion in regard to long or 
short sermons." 

The California Mission Board was asked to discontinue 
naming brethren to fill appointments alternately and designate 
a better system. 

General Conference was asked to require officers of any 
local church to sign certificates instead of the Clerk doing it 
for them. 

Elders J. S. Flory and J. F. Neher filled appointments 
alternately each four weeks in East Riverside, and Elders P. S. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 71 

Myers and S. G. Lehmer did work at 1 19 South Spring street, 
Los Angeles. 

The amount received, $119.86; from last year, $76.01. 
Total, $195.87. Ependitures, $76.75. Balance, $119.12. 

M. M. Eshelman having resigned during the year and the 
time of J. H. Miller having expired, S. W. Funk and Peter 
Hartman were chosen to the vacancies on Mission Board. 

Elder P. S. Myers was chosen State Evangelist. J. M. 
Gibbel was named as member of Standing Committee. 

The District Meeting convened March 25th in the 
1893 Covina Church. The delegates were : Covina, Peter 

Overholtzer, George F. Chemberlen; Tropico, S. G. 
Lehmer, Aaron Wolf ; Lordsburg, B. F. Masterson, E. A. 
Miller. Conejo was not represented as near all the members 
of that place had moved to other regions. 

Moderator, J. S. Flory ; Reading Clerk, E. A. Miller ; Sec- 
retary, B. F. Masterson. 

The renewal for Annual Conference to come to California 
in 1894 was adopted. 

Mission in Los Angeles steadily growing under the care 
of P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer. One received into the 
Church. 

East Riverside, under the care of J. S. Flory. Series of 
meetings by Elder Andrew Hutchinson. New field near Perris 
given some work by Elders John W. Metzger and B. F. 
Masterson. 

Receipts, $348.99; last year's balance, $119.12. Total, 
$468.19. Expenditures, $113.00. Balance on hand, $355.19. 

With this balance on hand the Missionary Committee 
asked the General Mission Board to "lend substantial aid" in 
prosecuting the work. 

The District Meeting made an especial appeal to the local 
churches for more funds. D. A. Norcross was re-elected. 
Aaron Wolf and William Overholtzer, S. Hartman and J. H. 
Miller. 

Elder J. S. Flory was sent to the Annual Meeting. 



72 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

District Meeting of 1894 was held March 31st in 
1894 Tropico. Covina was represented by Darius Over- 

holtzer, D. A. Norcross; Tropico, by P. S. Myers 
and J. E. Megie; Lordsburg, by E. A. Miller and B. F. Master- 
son ; Egan, by I. M. Gibbel and Jonathan Brubaker. 

Elder P. S. Myers was given the Moderatorship. E. A. 
Miller did the reading and S. G. Lehmer Secretary. 

A letter from the members at Glendale, Arizona, asked 
admittance, hence a resolution was adopted extending the ter- 
ritory so as to include Arizona. 

The Conejo Church having failed to represent at District 
Meeting for several years, was encouraged by a revival in 
associations. 

Lordsburg Church asked that Annual Conference come 
to California this year, and if not then to be held here in 1895. 
There was a commendable persistency to secure Annual Con- 
ference on this coast. 

Tropico Church desired to know whether a local church 
should give permission to her minister to go elsewhere to hold 
series of meetings, because by going her own interests were 
neglected. 

Lordsburg petitioned that the District employ an evan- 
gelist for one year and create means to meet the expenses. 
Covina also sought the same. The Meeting granted this and 
the Board employed Elder John S. Mohler of Kansas. 

Work has been continued at Perris under the care of B. F. 
Masterson, and at East Riverside by J. S. Flory, and in Los 
Angeles by P. S. Myers and S. G. Lehmer, and at Monrovia 
by E. A. Miller. 

On hand from last year, $355.19; from other sources, 
$218.68. Total, $573.87. Expenditures, $322.45. Balance in 
treasury, $251.42. 

Darius Overholtzer was re-elected to Mission Board. 

Elder J. W. Metzger was chosen to Standing Committee. 

Elder S. G. Lehmer was elected State Evangelist; Elder 

J. S. Mohler, was Moderator, E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk, 
B. F. Masterson, Secretary. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 73 

The District Meeting convened in Lordsburg March 
1895 29th. The Delegates were: Egan Church, I. M. 

Gibbel; Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, B. F. Masterson; 
Covina, George F. Chemberlen, Darius Overholtzer ; Tropico, 
A. Bush, J. D. Buckwalter; Glendale, Arizona and Merced, 
California, were represented by letters. 

J. S. Mohler, Moderator; E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk; B. F. 
Masterson, Secretary. 

Elder J. S. Mohler having done some work during the few 
months past desired to be relieved from further services. This 
was granted and he returned to Morrill, Kansas. 

A request was made that Annual Meeting be held in Cali- 
fornia in 1896. 

B. F. Masterson reported well of Perris Valley Mission. 
The Monrovia Mission was given the labors of George F. 
Chemberlen, D. A. Norcross and E. A. Miller. One was added 
to the flock. East Riverside was given the services of J. S. 
Flory. The Mission was transferred to Colton, and B. F. 
Masterson given charge. Los Angeles was cared for by P. S. 
Myers during part of the year. Funds failing, the work lapsed. 
Tropico Church assumed charge of City Mission. Enoch Eby 
did some work in Tropico. 

Elder J. S. Mohler labored as follows : 

In Egan, twenty meetings, one accession ; in Monrovia, 
eighteen services, one accession ; in Glendora, thirty-one meet- 
ings; in Lordsburg, thirty-one meetings, seven accessions. 

Receipts, $664.94; balance from last year, $251.42. Total, 
$916.41. Expenditures, $422.88. Balance, $493.53. 

During the year two hundred and forty-five services were 
held and ten added to the Church. 

A summary of conditions was given. During the past five 
years twenty-two have been added to the church. The receipts 
were $1470.77. 

On the Missionary Committee B. F. Masterson was chosen 
to fill the unexpired term of E. A. Miller, resigned: J. C. 
Whitmer succeeded S. W. Funk, Wm. Overholtzer was elected 
for three years. 

Elder P. S. Myers was chosen on Standing Committee. 

B. F. Masterson was chosen State Evangelist. 



74 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

The conference was held March 26th. in Glen- 
1896 dora. The Delegates were : 

Egan, I. M. Gibbel 

Lordsburg, Samuel Henry, B. F. Masterson 
Covina, Geo. F. Chemberlen, Darius Overholtzer 
Tropico, Andrew Emmert, Aaron Wolf 
Inglewood, Wm. J. Thomas, M. M. Eshleman 
Merced and Conejo, California, and Glendale 
Arizona were not represented. 

This was the eighth year since the beginning of District 
Meetings and seven local churches existed. 

Wm. J. Thomas served as Moderator, E. A. Miller, as 
reading clerk and Darius Overholtzer as secretary. 

COLTON had the care and help of B. F. Masterson 
and Wm. J. Thomas and the outlook was not very encourag- 
ing. Monrovia had the teachings of D. A. Norcross and Wm. 
J. Thomas. All the missions seemed to have lapsed some this 
year. The work under the supervision of Elder J. S. Mohler 
gave some results in the churches. His sermons were at Col- 
ton, Twenty-one, Compton eight, Covina, eighteen, Pomona 
thirteen, Lemon eleven, Redondo, seventeen, Los Angeles, nine- 
teen. One hundred and fifty-five sermons were delivered, and 
two added to the church. 

These various funds had, by this time been created: — 

Evangelist Fund, General Purpose Fund, Los Angeles 
County Fund, Los Angeles City Fund. The total funds at the 
time were $781.95, 

Expenditures were $427.06. Leaving balance of $354.89. 

$100.00 of this amount came from the General Mission 
Board. Jas. F. Thomas and Samuel Henry were chosen as 
members of the Missionary Committee. 

The Committee recommended the employment of a min- 
ister who could give all his time to the work. The principal 
things recommended were constancy in work in Sunday School 
lines, visiting, meeting with the Missionary Committee, preach- 
ing. His compensation was fixed at $1.25 per day. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 75 

At this time, the first church of the Brethren 

1897 or East Los Angeles Church was admitted out of 

the Tropico Church and enrolled in this District 

Meeting in Los Angeles. 

Egan Church, C. J. Brandt. 
Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, B. F. Masterson 
Covina, D. A. Norcross, Darius Overholtzer 
Los Angeles, J. D. Buckwalter, M. M. Eshelman 
Inglewood, Philip Moore, 

Not represented Merced, and Conejo, California and Glen- 
dale, Arizona. 

Elder J. S. Mohler, Moderator, E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk, 
M. M. Eshelman Secretary and D. A. Norcross, assistant. 

The Monrovia Mission gave good promise. Elder S. C. 
Holsinger was employed during the year and he preached one 
hundred and thirty eight sermons and two were received into 
the church. A special mission fund had been created and an 
educational fund started. The total receipts for the year were 
$413.11. Balance from last year $346.09. Total for the year 
$759.20. J. D. Buckwalter was placed upon the committee in 
place of Darius Overholtzer. Samuel Henry resigned and 
Geo. F. Chemberlen placed in his stead. 

Covina called a Bible School somewhere in the District. 
Its features were to be : Location of easy access for ministers. 
Ministers to be used immediately at its close in local congrega- 
tions. A committee chosen recommended 

1. A committee of Arrangements. 

2. Committee on Program. 

3. Session of one week at least. 

4. Work to embrace preaching, Sunday School and Bible 

Outlines. 

5. Reports from Sunday Schools. 

6. Lessons to be distributed prior to the meeting. 

7. Missionary sermon to be preached in each congrega- 

tion prior to Bible School. 

8. Chairman of Committee of Arrangements to preside 

at the School. 



76 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

9. Name of School to be "The Bible School and 
Missionary Meeting." 

10. One day to be given to Sunday School. 

11. Committee of Arrangements, P. S. Myers, J. D. 

Buckwalter, Homer Milton Baker. 

12. Committee on Program, M. M. Eshelman, S. G. 

Lehmer, E. A. Miller. 

These meetings were herd in Los Angeles, 234 S. Han- 
cock Street, the attendance was large. Elder Andrew Hutch- 
inson edifyingly preached each evening. E. A. Miller gave but 
two lessons and M. M. Eshelman taught two lessons each day 
for one week giving outlines on blackboard. The Missionary 
lesson was given on comparative religions by means of colored 
chalk on blackboard and cards on a string stretched across the 
platform. Here a collection was given for a house at Chan- 
ning Mission. Enough was secured to erect a neat house. 
Elder J. W. Metzger gave the first dollars — ten of them! 

The call for Annual Meeting was based upon the rate 
that might be offered by the railways to passengers from east 
of the Rocky Mountains. The call was for 1898. 

The main features of improvement of missionary 
Missionary plan were : 

Plan Im- 1. A suitable minister to be located at Colton. 
proved. (S. C. Urey was located, but after a few months 

M. M. Eshelman took the place. 

2. A minister to locate at Pomona. B. F. Masterson took 

charge. 

3. All lines of Christian work were to be observed by 

these ministers giving all their time to the Cause. 

4. To make complete report at next District Meeting. 

5. Solicitors for means to be chosen at this meeting, after 

nominations have been made. 
Subscriptions to this cause may be made payable in 
four equal installments. 

6. The Mission Board to pay rents, fuel and lights and 

other necessary expenses at all mission points. 

7. Delegates to elect the missionaries. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 77 

8. The continuation of services was provided for after 

the first year. 

9. When either place is sufficiently strengthened to sup- 

port itself, then organization shall be effected. 

Solicitors chosen were D. A. Norcross, Andrew Over- 
holtzer, Sarah Gnagey. And they succeeded grandly in their 
work. State Evangelist, P. S. Myers. 

Elder I. D. Parker was conditionally delegated to Annual 
Meeting and E. A. Miller authorized to state the District's 
needs before Standing Committee. The Mission Board the 
same as the former year. Geo. F. Chemberlen being chairman 
and J. C. Whitmer, Secretary. 

District Meeting of 1898 waa held in Lordsburg, 
1898 March 24th. Elder J. W. Trostle, Moderator; 

E. A. Miller, Reading Clerk; M. M. Eshelman, Sec- 
retary, and T. J. Nair, assistant. 

Delegates: Egan, I. M. Gibbel. 

Lordsburg, E. A. Miller, S. J. Miller. 

Covina, D. Overholtzer, G. F. Chemberlen. 

Los Angeles, J. D. Buckwalter, Aaron Wolf 

Inglewood, J. F. Thomas. 

Merced and Conejo, California and Glendale, 

Arizona, not represented. 
At some of the former Meetings transient or ministers 
spending the winter in California were chosen to preside, but 
at this meeting it was resolved that Elders residing in Califor- 
nia only should be chosen to preside because in the interim, 
the moderator was needed, and the transient being gone the 
work suffered. 

The Los Angeles Church asked that elders and Ministers 
be reimpressed with the great need of teaching that all mem- 
bers should the more earnestly give heed to Heb. xiii 1 and 
1 Tim. 2:10 and more and more get away from fashionable 
dressing and greediness for gain and filthy lucre. 

The work this year was ably forwarded as the reports 
show. Brother S. C. Urey's four months in Colton gave good 



78 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

results. Sunday School sessions, fourteen; sermons, twenty- 
eight ; collections $2.75. Conversions one. 

M. M. Eshelman's eight months work at Colton showed 

Pastoral visits, sixty, number visited two hundred and ten, 
prayers in families, twenty-two, Prayer Meetings twenty-eight. 
Total attendance 599. Bible class services twenty eight. Sun- 
day School sessions, thirty three. Total attendance six hun- 
dred and sixty four. Bibles and testaments present, thirty- 
three, contributions $11.95. Sermons by pastor, seventy-two, 
by others, twenty-four. Total of all services one hundred and 
eighty-five, tracts and Messenger given out nine hundred and 
fifty. Conversions four, Money contributed $44.63. 

The Pomona Mission, by B. F. Masterson, reported as 
follows: Average attendance was twenty-eight, sermons deli- 
vered seventy, (the remainder of the report is missing in the 
records.) From knowledge of the writer it can be said that 
Brother Masterson was greatly helped by the Lord and that 
from this work has grown the Pomona Church. 

Five thousand tracts were distributed during the year by 
the Board. 

Brother C. S. Holsinger was employed a short time and 
did good work in Los Angeles. He was released April 19th 
from further effort, to return to his home in Kansas. 

Two hundred and thirty sermons had been delivered dur- 
ing the year and eight souls were enrolled as saved. 

The amount received for missions $809.63 Balance from 
last year $456.67. Total $1266.30. Balance on hand $249.02. 

Sister Ella Buckwalter was given charge of Channing 
Street Mission Sunday School. The Gospel Messenger was 
sent into twenty-five families. Eight persons were converted. 

Arrangements for the second Bible School and Missionary 
Meeting. 

Committee of Arrangements, I. M. Gibbel, J. W. Metzger, 
D. J. Overholtzer. 

Committee on Program, S. J. Miller, M. M. Eshelman. J. 
W. Trostle. 

State Missionary, J. W. Trostle. 

Member of Standing Committee, Andrew Hutchinson. 

Call was made for 1899 Annual Meeting. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 79 

Conference held in Covina, March 23rd. The dele- 
1899 gate enrollment was — 

Egan Church — Abram Gibbel, J. W. Priser. 
Colton Church — Amos Neher. 
Dos Palos Church — Aaron Julius. 
Covina — Geo. F. Chemberlen. 
Los Angeles Church — Aaron Wolfe, S. W. Funk. 
Inglewood — James Thomas. 

Lordsburg Church — Thomas Keiser, A. R. Moomaw. 
Moderator, — P. S. Myers, Reading Clerk, B. F. Master- 
son. 
Secretary — S. G. Lehmer, Assistant D. A. Norcross. 

An evening session was held at which B. F. Masterson 
presided on account of the illness of the Moderator. This is 
the second instance on this coast that a brother in the second 
degree of the ministry presided over a District Meeting, and 
the felicities and energies did not suffer any loss by it. 

David Overholtzer was chosen to serve on the Mission 
Board for three years, Thomas Keiser for one year, and Aaron 
Wolfe for two years. 

D. A. Norcross was selected to fill the Colton Mission 
and S. W. Funk was placed over Channing Street Mission, 
Los Angeles. The Monrovia Mission was closed because the 
interest was wanting and the Covina Ministerial Board refused 
further effort there. 

Receipts from all sources for missions $914.66, expendi- 
tures $781.32; balance on hand, $192.91. 

A. A. Neher reported work at Colton. Number of morn- 
ing services 46 ; evening services 33, prayer meetings, 37 ; Sun- 
day School services, 45; enrollment, 49. 

S. W. Funk and Ella Buckwalter reported the Channing 
Street Sunday School for the four quarters beginning April 
18, 1898 and ending March 1899. Second quarter 1898, en- 
rollment was 71, total attendance 903, average 69. Third 
quarter of 1898, enrollment 53, average attendance 50, total 
attendance 640. Fourth quarter, enrollment 91, average at- 
tendance, 55, total attendance 714. First quarter 1899, enroll- 
ment 81, average attendance 57, Total attendanre 621. Col- 



80 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

lections during the year $50.42. Expenditures $42.58. Bal- 
ance $7.84. This was a grand showing under the disadvan- 
tages that surrounded the school. Sister Buckwalter was a 
great and persistent worker among children and Brother Funk 
knew no defeats. 

Later, Brother and Sister Buckwalter secured an attend- 
ance of forty to forty-five at the services. They were, for a 
time, opposed by a picture show near the place of services. 

The Pomona Mission was presided over, part of the time, 
by B. F. Masterson. There were 32 sermons, average attend- 
ance at Sunday School, thirty. 

Brother B. F. Masterson was sent to Glendale, Arizona 
Church and labored there from October 23rd to November 13, 
1898. 

The attendance was limited on account of some misun- 
derstandings among membership. The church was then in the 
care of Elder Peter Forney, then a very able and tender house- 
keeper, but now has passed on awaiting his rewards. Brother 
Masterson held some meetings at Cold Water. Then he went 
sixty miles over mountains in a crude conveyance to Verde 
Valley, the home of C. E. Gillett. Here he did good work 
and had the pleasure of putting that place on a sound basis 
for future work. The contributions for expenses amounted 
to $55.00 on the trip . On the way home he preached once in 
the Baptist Church in Prescott. 

Arrangements were made at this District Meeting for a 
Bible School at Long Beach, which was held under the aus- 
pices of the home ministry and that indefatigable worker I. N. 
H. Beahm now of Virginia. The Committee of Arrangements 
were Aaron Wolfe, S. W. Funk, Geo. Chemberlen, and on 
Program S. G. Lehmer, B. F. Masterson and J. S. Flory. 
B. F. Masterson acted as Moderator of the school. 

Future District Meetings were to be held the fourth 
Thursday of March. The activities on all useful lines were 
provided for in the spirit of love. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN SI 

This meeting was held in Lordsburg — the educa- 
1900 tional mecca of the Pacific Coast friends of colleges. 

Elder J. W. Trostle, a man of very blissful qualities 
and deep in charity, and high in the Christian qualities which 
command respect, was Moderator. Christian Wine, the silent, 
quiet, graceful and enduring qualities of heart: — a student of 
the University of Virginia, and well informed in the Scrip- 
tures, was Reading Clerk. 

E. T. Keiser, he of fearless mien, and steady reasoner on 
his feet, always glad to be right, and a ready worker when in 
unabrading harness, was the "scribe" or Secretary, Justus H. 
Cline, the collegian then and mild in manner, well equipped 
for recording activities, was Assistant Secretary. 

The Glendora Church sought to have adopted a series of 
statistical questions, so that useful information might come to 
the District Meeting in the interests of winning back more of 
the Lord's money for His use. It sought to know the number 
of appointments for preaching, sermons preached, councils, 
conversions, transfers, total membership, officials, and elections 
of officers and Sunday School statistics and treasurer's reports. 

East Los Angeles asked that "the next" Bible School be 
held there. It was referred to the Locating Committee. 

The Lordsburg Church sought the active succor of An- 
nual Conference on District Sunday School organization as 
extended by General Conference in 1899. The District re- 
sponded by electing Jesse Overholtzer as Secretary, who's 
qualities were zealous, warm, forceful and organizing. He 
made a good First District Sunday School Secretary, and har- 
moniously organized the then somewhat independent forces. 

The same congregation asked that the District Meeting 
be permitted to charge a reasonable price for meals at District 
Meetings so as to give grace to equality of burden bearing, and 
it was so agreed. 

Lordsburg Church also asked that the Annual Meeting 
petition the President of the United States and Congress to 
restrain the baneful liquor traffic in the United States. And 
the District Meeting forwarded the request. 

The District Mission Board solicited help to secure more 



82 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

efficient solicitors and permission to purchase valuable books 
for poor preachers, and received authority. 

The Mission Board was authorized to secure a State char- 
ter in order that the financial and property interests of the 
Church might conform to the State laws. 

The Treasurer of the Board reported cash on hand and 
collected $1179.31 and expended $1029.97; a balance of $149. 
34. The money was expended in Los Angeles, Colton and 
Arizona. 

The Channing Street, Los Angeles, Mission, under the 
care of S. W. Funk, gave evidence of the beginning of rich 
fruitage. 

The Colton Mission was under the direction of W. M. 
Piatt, who has very genial heart-qualities — a presenter of 
Truth in winsomeness, serious, yet animating and unbigoted. 
While there were no conversions there were quickenings in 
members. Peter Enfield, the good, was chosen deacon, and a 
lovefeast was enjoyed. There were fifty-seven preaching ser- 
vices, forty Prayer Meetings, forty-seven Sunday School ses- 
sions and collections to the amount of $7.72. 

The District Meeting was held in East Los Angeles 
1901 Assembly, March 27th. Nine congregations were 

represented by eleven delegates. S. E. Yundt pre- 
sided. He is a man of sterling character, brought up in a 
strong rural district in Illinois — a man of strong convictions — 
well fixed and not easily pried loose, from Truth. 

W. I. T. Hoover was the ready reader. Having well 
trained mental qualities, he read with ease and grace. E. T. 
Keiser was Recording Secretary and did it with ease. W. M. 
Piatt was his ready Assistant. 

The last year's tabled paper seeking statistical means 
was lifted from its place and set out for discussion. 

Covina came asking that all literature "purporting to set 
forth the doctrine of the Brethren" be examined before its 
circulation. And the Conference kindly gave it operation by 
choosing J. W. Trostle, Edmund Forney and G. F. Chem- 
berlen to winnow out the hurtful features and hold fast the 
helpful elements. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 83 

The Covina congregation sought information concerning 
the application of Titus 2:1, 1 Cor. 11:3 and James 5:14, 15 
as related to some one who claimed to be the "Great American 
Healer." This question elicited much and varied discussion, 
for it was the revival of some very ancient practices, not ap- 
proved by Jehovah, under new names. The Conference de- 
cided it wrong and asked correctives be applied congregationly. 

C. E. Gillette reported that up to March 1, 1901 he had 
traveled 1365 miles in mission effort, preached 135 sermons, 
attended three funerals, held six Bible Meetings, and four 
councils, two lovefeasts, and baptized eight. G. F. Chemberlen 
assisted with his sermons. J. W. Trostle was sent to Ari- 
zona to render assistance. S. G. Lehmer presented tidings 
concerning State work at Bangor, two weeks preaching and 
three conversions. 

The report of Channing Street, Los Angeles, Mission was 
given by S. W. Funk, Weekly Bible readings and preaching and 
Sunday School, which averaged sixty-two and enrollment 179. 
M. M. Eshelman conducted a two weeks service. Twenty 
were converted, the church house was enlarged and the attend- 
ance commendably increased. 

The District Meeting Treasurer reported receipts of $714. 
63, balance from last year $149.34 or a total of $863.97 and 
expenditures of $755.89, leaving unused in the treasury 
$108.08. 

The annual report of the Sunday School Secretary will 
be found in the Sunday Development Department. 

A. M. White, a Brother of large, congenial propensities, 
sterling in character, was given place on the Mission Board. 
S. W. Funk was continued at Channing Mission. C. E. Gillette 
was given continued work at Verde, Arizona. G. F. Cham- 
berlen was made State Missionary; J. S. Kuns was retained 
Treasurer, E. T. Keiser, A. M. White and S. E. Deckar were 
to look after the District Bible School and Missionary Meeting, 
J. Overholtzer was retained as Sunday School Secretary, and 
Stephen Yoder, a man long tried in Godly service, and father 
of a noble set of boys and girls, some of whom are noted edu- 
cators, was sent to Annual Meeting as a member of the Stand- 
ing Committee. 



84 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

The various "good works for necessary uses" was ani- 
mated by this healthful conference and members realized that 
spiritual interests were genial and helpful to all. 

This District Meeting was held at Covina, March 
1902 17. Nine congregations were enrolled and twelve 

delegates were present. G. F. Chamberlen was 
Moderator, who has studied conciseness and parliamentary 
usages somewhat, and applies them with a firm grip. Like all 
men, he has likes and dislikes, both of which are interwoven in 
his judicial and affectional fiber. Where turbulance and unfeel- 
ing aggressiveness are characteristics, George would hold the 
reins with a degree of stability reaching all around success. 
He could mix a little ductility with firmness which does not 
injure his presiding qualities. He makes a good presiding 
officer, however, and is useful to his associates. S. G. Lehmer 
was Reading Clerk; W. M. Piatt, Secretary and S. W. Funk 
Assistant. 

A committee was chosen to draft a new plan for mission- 
izing, because Colton, Inglewood and East Los Angeles asked 
for changes. This Committee, S. A. Overholtzer, J. B. Netzly, 
C. Wine, Grant Bowman D. A. Norcross, evolved the fol- 
lowing features: (1) To missionize, (2) To seek suitable 
persons to conduct missions, (3) To meet all expenses, (4) 
To apportion probable expenses to local churches, (5) To co- 
operate with the local church in which missions exist. 

Five members shall constitute the Mission Board, (1) 
Shall incorporate under the laws of California, (2) Devise 
rneans to meet expenses, (3) Given power to appoint and re- 
move workers, (4) To find mission points, (5) Shall recom- 
mend church organizations when necessary, (6) Report an- 
nually to District Meeting, (7) Shall not violate any rule of 
Annual Meeting, all work to be thoroughly done. 

Covina asked the Annual Meeting whether it is right to 
"practice the art of magnetic or hypnotic or mesmeric heal- 
ing." This "art" at this time, had a fiery trail all over the 
United States, and as usual with spasms, some of the dear 
brethren and sisters were swept into the maelstrom, thus "con- 
forming to the world." It had its advocates on the ground 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 85 

that like the saloon "doing some good work," for the 
saloon fed, clothed and housed the liquor men and their fami- 
lies, and this "magnetic art" dispelled headaches and nervous 
disorders and put doctors out of a good many ducats, and dis- 
tributed the dollars among the magnetists — present and 
"absent" treatments including the "art" like "witchery," "pow- 
wowing," "necromancy," "sorcery" and "familiar spiritism" 
of old, had its run, left many aches and "voids" and vacancies 
in souls. 

The organization of the Fruitvale Church by Elder Geo. 
W. Hoxie was confirmed. The expenses of District Com- 
mittees sent to Churches to "set things in order" to be paid 
out of District funds. 

A very outstanding principle was considered, that of call- 
ing all members into judgment on questions not acted on by 
Annual Conference. It was agreed that "We think such prac- 
tice not in accordance with the love and spirit of the Bible, 
nor in harmony with the general practice of the Brotherhood, 
therefore wrong." This answer was by the Inglewood Church 
but the District Meeting rejected it by returning it. 

A petition to the Annual Meeting asking that ministers 
who are mechanics and common laborers, should have clergy 
permits from railroads, the former thus having the preference. 

Six hundred dollars were asked of the local churches for 
missionary work. A Certificate of Incorporation by the State 
of California was read and approved. 

C. E. Gillette from Verde, Arizona, preached 114 sermons, 
traveled 1206 miles, held six councils, one lovefeast, and bap- 
tized six. 

S. W. Funk at Channing Mission testified that thirteen 
were baptized, one reclaimed, and five applicants for admission 
to membership. A brother purchased a lot for a church house. 
The attendance at all services was good. The contribution for 
the District Mission was $820.75, cash balance $109.12, or a 
total of $929.85, and expenses $928.65. 

This is the first year of detailed statistical information 
by the elders. Three deaths, twenty-two ministers, thirty-five 
deacons, an enrollment of 472, addition by conversions fifty- 



86 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

four, by certificate sixty-six, disowned twenty-three were 
reported from seven churches. 

S. E, Yundt was chosen Representative Trustee of the 
Brethren Hospital in Chicago. D. J. Overholtzer, S. A. Over- 
holtzer, and J. Overholtzer were elected members of the Mis- 
sion Board; W. M. Piatt was chosen Sunday School Secre- 
tary, S. G. Lehmer, J. W. Cline, G. F. Chemberlen to animate 
the "Bible School and Missionary" interests, and to secure 
place and conduct that service. J. S. Kuns continued as Treas- 
urer. No representative to the Annual Meeting. 

The State Conference was held in Colton, March 

1903 26th. Twelve churches composed the District ; nine 

had sixteen delegates. S. G. Lehmer presided. W. 

C. Hanawalt did the reading. E. T. Keiser and J. Overholtzer 

were Secretaries. 

The missionary interests were in the hands of H. R. and 
Sarah Taylor and Susie Forney at Channing Mission. The 
number of sermons and lectures by Brother Taylor, the easy, 
graceful and spiritual speaker, were sixty-five, and fifteen ser- 
mons by J. Overholtzer, seven conversions. It was a year of 
prosperity and encouragement. 

The Verde, Arizona, interests showed that eleven hun- 
dred and fifteen miles had been traveled, one hundred and eight 
sermons delivered, one feast held, and two baptized. 

S. W. Funk, assisted by Kate Newsome, reported that 
God's work in Channing Mission was prosperous. 

The Lordsburg congregation asked that each local church 
should have the privilege to choose the presiding or leading 
elder for one year, which means that any local church adopt- 
ing this may annually elect an overseer. 

The Sunday School forces agreed to support a missionary 
in India, and this District Meeting ratified the action. The 
Sunday Schools are supporting Sister Emmert 

The statistical report from eight of the twelve congrega- 
tions indicated that twenty-four were baptized, fourteen dis- 
owned, a gain of ten; the number of members was not 
obtained. 
S. G. Lehmer was chosen State Missionary. There was no re- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 87 

port of work from this source the past year. Edmund Forney 
became representative on the Standing Committee. J. W. 
Cline, E. T. Keiser, C. W. Hanawalt were named as Program 
Committee. S. A. Overholtzer, D. A. Norcross and W. M. 
Piatt Committee of Arrangements for Bible School and Mis- 
sionary Meeting. These institutions were great helps in Bible 
Study and were esteemed as extremely edifying to the mem- 
bership of the District. They unified fellowship and gave evi- 
dence of fealty to God. 

The District Conference was held in Inglewood — 
1904 (the lovely spot six miles from the Pacific Ocean). 

Thirteen congregations were represented. S. E. 
Yundt presided, W. C. Hanawalt read, S. G. Lehmer and J. 
Overholtzer recorded. Seventeen delegates were present 
and active. The Mission Board presented report 
showing that the workers at Channing Street, Los 
Angeles, were Susie Forney, J. W. Cline and George H. 
Bashor, S. W. Funk worked in Santa Ana, but was compelled 
to retire on account of the illness and death of his beloved wife. 
Kate Newsome .George Shamberger, and S. W. Eby did some 
of the work, the membership being organized March 13th, 
Elder Lilligh taking charge. Two were baptized. The Verde- 
Arizona Mission was abandoned, C. E. Gillette having 
moved to other parts. The written reports of Kate Newsome 
at Santa Ana and Susie Forney at Channing, the first reports 
by sisters, are models of valuable information. Girls indus- 
trial work here comes in for the first time. D. L. Miller gave 
excellent teachings at Channing Street, and twenty were con- 
verted. The money side shows receipts to the amount of 
$2280.52 and expenses were 2110.35. This includes loan of 
$885.00. 

Covina wanted to know whether Sunday School picnics 
were allowable. The amusement question is big either for good 
or evil — for edification or for destruction. The word "amuse" 
means "to occupy the mind lightly," from the Latin "musa," 
a song, signifying to allure the attention by anything as light 
and airy as a song." "Whatever amuses serves to kill time, 
to lull the faculties, and banish reflection: it may be solitary, 



88 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

sedentary and lifeless." It would seem that no Christian 
should have occasion to "kill time" — to murder. Yet a Christ- 
ian should "lull" or rest his faculties. But should he "banish 
reflection?" Reflection is the turning back up on one's self 
for moral and spiritual improvement and to collect our duties 
toward our Maker. Will it pay to banish this gift of God to 
satisfy and gratify "the lust of the eyes?" On the other hand 
is there not an amusement of entertainment, an amusement of 
recreation, a diversion which truly edifies? I do not speak of 
the theatrical, the racing, the gambling, publicly foolish exhi- 
bitions which beguile or a fraud, practices upon the spiritual- 
ities, but of the amusement of Joyousness — "let the Children 
of Zion be joyful in their King" — "to be full of Godly pleas- 
ure." But the pleasure that leads to unrighteousness, to law- 
lessness to God and the Church are to be shunned. To choose 
between the recreating amusement and the destructive comes 
only through much sincere and holy prayer. It is not more 
"lightmindedness" that we need but more real holy sobriety with 
cheerful, confiding hearts in Church. God certainly will not 
become displeased with that holy being who winnows out of 
his life the excresences of disfavor and the mutilation of de- 
mure truth. 

A committee composed of W. J. Thomas, Henry Lilligh, 
and D. A. Norcross prepared an answer which was adopted. 
It reads : "Sunday School celebrations, picnics and entertain- 
ments, as the world practices them, should be avoided by all 
good Sunday Schools as conducted by our brotherhood, and 
should be discouraged by all who have the watchful eye on 
the welfare of their future good." 

Through a committee, S. W. Funk, W. M. Piatt, and H. 
A. Whistler, it was agreed that the relation between the Sun- 
day School convention and the District Meeting, is that the 
Sunday School is a creation of the District Meeting and that 
the former can petition and ask from the District Meeting 
whatever is for her edification. This ground seems well taken 
in harmony with the principle and usages of the Church. The 
creatures are always subject to the creator, and worthy of the 
creator's sustenance and support. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 89 

The Los Angeles Church was a supplicant for the creation 
of fourth Annual Meeting District to be known at the "Coast 
District" to include all the States west of the one hundred and 
ten degree of west longitude, this Territory to have the Annual 
Meeting once to twice in each of the other territories. This 
was granted by Annual Conference and became operative for 
the first time in 1907 in Los Angeles. P. S. Myers was the 
framer of this petition because he long and earnestly labored 
to have Conference in California. He lived to see his fond 
wish realized. 

Nine local churches presented partial statistical reports 
from which it may be gleaned that forty-seven persons were 
baptized, thirty-six of whom were in the East Los Angeles 
Church. Statistics on losses are unobtainable. About one 
thousand sermons were delivered and feasts held to the praise 
of God. 

The Conference was held in Glendora, March 23rd. 
1905 Thirteen churches were enrolled, and twenty dele- 

gates were present. G. F. Chamberlen served as 
Moderator, W. E. Trostle as Reader, and W. C. Hanawalt and 
S. G. Lehmer as Recorders. 

The Missionary interests at Channing Street were under 
the care of J. Z. Gilbert; and Susie Forney, Kate Newsome, 
D. L. Forney and S. M. Eby were active at Santa Ana. A 
new mission at Vernon was opened under the care of W. H. 
Wertenbaker, which later developed into the South Los 
Angeles Church. H. R. Taylor did some work at Bangor, 
California, and W. E. Trostle at Verde, Arizona. The amount 
of money was $2255.08 and expenditures $2212.05. The 
balance was $43.93. One was received by conversion at Santa 
Ana. 

The Glendora Church originated the call for Annual Meet- 
ing for 1907, and it was sent to the Standing Committee. 

A petition from East Los Angeles asking for the dismissal 
from official confidence those who refuse to comply with the 
General Church's requirements on non-conformity principles 
is of record, but the conclusion is not noted. This year's record 



90 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

of the District Meeting has lost out in answers upon several 
questions. 

The Elders of the various congregations report some in- 
formation. Lordsburg reported four baptisms, 158 members. 
Covina was favored with eighteen conversions and a member- 
ship of 156. Tropico had twenty-eight members. Fruitvale 
had fifteen members. Oak Grove had one hundred members 
and twenty-one conversions. Glendora had seventy-five mem- 
bers and three conversions. Egan had eighteen members and 
one conversion. Colton had seventeen members and four con- 
versions. Santa Ana had twenty-four members and two con- 
versions. Inglewood had a membership of sixty-one and two 
conversions. Glendale, Arizona, Church had thirty-three mem- 
bers. Thus a total of six hundred and fifty-nine in ten con- 
gregations and fifty-three conversions ; Oak Grove, Fresno 
County, having twenty-one of these, and Covina eighteen. The 
conversions reported were about nine per cent of the mem- 
bership. 

Fifteen congregations were represented by nine 
1906 delegates. George F. Chamberlen superintended the 

assembly. G. G. Lehmer read the papers. S. G. 
Lehmer and W. E. Trostle served as recorders. 

The Missionary interests. The Santa Ana work was 
upheld by D. L. Forney a part of the time and by some 
of the ministers of the District. The Channing Street Mission 
was energized by Susie Forney and J. W. Cline. During the 
year this Mission was turned over to the East Los Angeles 
Church. The Vernon Mission was under the superintendency 
of W. H. Wertenbaker. An addition was put to the house 
for class rooms. C. W. Guthrie retired from the Mission 
Board and was succeeded by G. G. Lehmer, a man of caloric 
proclivities in whatever he undertakes. Schooled in the Penn- 
sylvania State Normal School, he is of a keen analytical bent. 
While it is not in keeping with the Gospel of Christ to measure 
a man by the amount of "stuff" a man has accumulated, his 
mental dimensions can be taken by his methods of expression. 
This minister is clear and measurable forceful in the presenta- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 91 

tion of spiritual truths. No one need be in doubt as to where 
he lays his expressions. 

Brother Guthrie retired with grace. He is a meek and 
sympathetic character. His travels around the globe are en- 
twined in his memory and with a commendable quality of clear- 
ness he expresses, with stereopticon views, the things he has 
seen and heard. God has use for Brother C. W. Guthrie. 

The Treasurer of the Mission Board statistically reported 
presented receipts to the amount of $1493.66 and expenses 
amounting to $1492.01. 

Under the form of queries, the Lordsburg Church asked 
that the Colton Church be disorganized, stating the ground to 
be that so many of the members have gone to other places. 
There is no record of what was done by the District Meeting. 
It is to be regretted that men, otherwise recognized for abilities, 
do fall by the wayside when placed in recording positions. 
Sometimes secretaries of assemblies are born, rather than 
manufactured in schools, and then the historian assembles the 
facts with pleasure. We sometime will learn that the biggest 
and finest thing is an exact man. 

The East Los Angeles Church petitioned that the Annual 
Meeting of 1907 be held in California, and Oak Grove invited 
the District into her fold in 1907. It was agreed that the 
Annual Bible School and Missionary Meeting should held in 
the Lordsburg College. 

Elder J. W. Trostle, the man of simplicity and love repre- 
sented at General Conference. His son, W. E. Trostle, became 
District Evangelist. 

Thirteen congregations statistically presented the follow- 
ing: Baptisms, 27. Total membership, 969. 

The Conference was held March 28th in the Oak 
1907 Grove Church, Fresno County, near Laton. Eighteen 

congregations, having twenty-one delegates, were in 
conference. The local churches now composing the District of 
California and Arizona were Butte Valley, Covina, Egan, 
Fruitvale, Glendora, Glendale, Arizona, Inglewood, East Los 
Angeles, Lordsburg, Long Beach, Pasadena, Oak Grove, 



92 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Reedly, South Los Angeles, Sacramento Valley, Stanislaus, 
Tropico; Verde, Arizona. 

The business sessions were presided over by S. E. Yundt, 
Moderator ; C. W. Hanawalt, Reader ; M. M. Eshelman, Secre- 
tary, and W. E. Trostle, Assistant. The usual rules and order 
of business were adopted. The order of business is as follows : 
1, Report of Missions; 2, Report of Churches; 3, Election of 
District Officers and Committees; 4, Papers or Queries; 5, 
Resolutions. 

The Mission Board stated that they began the year with- 
out funds. The Vernon Mission became the South Los Angeles 
Church. W. J. Thomas gave some labor to Santa Ana. A. 
Hutchinson and J. A. Miller held revival services at Santa Ana. 
Brother Hutchinson is known as the "Walking Bible" because 
he seems to carry it about in memory to such a fullness that 
people have come to call the Bible a walker. For about two 
score years he has devoted all his time to religious services, 
going over the Brotherhood, strengthening the churches and 
winning sinners to God. Without collegiate training he cer- 
tainly stands as a monument of hope for all who never were 
able to be literated. God will always have those who are 
trained in scholastics and those who are untrained in litera- 
ture, provided they are heart-consecrated to him. He reads 
the world movements and decides justly always. The biggest 
and finest thing in God's great world of human beings is a 
clean, white-souled, honest, pure man, no difference what man's 
estimation or standard may be. Brother Hutchinson is big 
with the truth of God, or rather God's truth has made him 
big in God. Brother J. A. Miller is also "unlettered" as the 
time puts bellesletter. He is a man strong in conviction of the 
Word, fearless in the exposition and has the gift of depth in 
Gospel principles applied in their felicities and adhesiveness to 
God. Things divine stick fast in Brother Miller. 

Members reported by thirteen congregations were 932. 
Baptized during the year, 9. The additions by certificate in 
nine churches were 86. 

Edmund Forney was delegated to represent the Annual 
Meeting in Los Angeles. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 93 

At the close of the Conference the petition from Fruitvale 
Church to organize a new district was considered. The officers 
of the meeting were authorized to organize said district. The 
following named churches were enrolled : Fruitvale, Oak 
Grove, Reedley, Sacramento Valley, Butte Valley. 

Thus began a new Conference — one disposed to be far- 
reaching in its endeavors to extend the Master's Cause on this 
coast. 

Found the Conference in Inglewood, March 26th, 
1908 with thirteen churches enrolled and twenty-two 

representatives present. This was the last District 
Meeting for our aged Brother, Stephen Yoder, who led the 
exercises in prayer. He was a clear thinker, a ready worker 
and loved the association of the brethren and sisters. 

The Commttee on the plan for developing the Christian 
Workers reported and it was given a genial reception and 
placed on record for work. 

It was at his meeting that the Lordsburg College, begun 
in 1889 when a few brothers investigated the feasibility and 
later formulated the operative measures, was given recognition. 

After some discussion it was agreed to accept the "stock 
and endowment fund forever," and chose for Trustees, W. C. 
Hanawalt for one year, D. A. Norcross and S. E. Yundt for 
two years, George F. Chemberlen and W. E. Trostle for three 
years. 

The Golden State Home and Orphanage here took a more 
definite form by the reports, the Trustees having taken the 
preliminary steps to incorporate. The Trustees were authorized 
to incorporate and prosecute the work. Elder Philip A. Moore 
had bequeathed $200.00, which was the monetary nucleus for 
this "good work for necessary uses." 

There was also inaugurated here a Program for Christian 
Workers meetings. This was a short method to get a program 
which belonged to each local congregation, but it had in it 
the merit of unification on spiritual lines. The ministry of 
the church stands preeminent as educators of the church. Thev 
are divinely obtained and provided with authority to teach 



94 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

everywhere, but as not all filled the measure, and some of the 
latent talent of the church desired outlets for expressive truth, 
the General Conference delegated the right to each local church 
to make effective the dominant principles given to all the mem- 
bers of the body. Hence, "Christian Workers" means that 
every member may read, pray and speak publicly to edify the 
body assembled. It is not designated for any class, but for 
all. And the more the "all" exercise and promote the cause, the 
less liability to division. This District Meeting granted the 
right to program the exercises. Laura Brubaker, Sarah Brandt 
and Sarah Wertenbaker were the members to give some prac- 
tical form to the next meeting. The sisters are here in an 
active sense. They have come to their own in a way, highly 
honorable to themselves. Long have they waited for their 
Gospel rights to help operate certain constructive principles. 
Potent is their influence for good. Long silence in many of 
the most profitable exercises has fitted them for simplicity in 
their callings. For centuries they have abided in great quietude, 
obeying, submitting, imbibing, absorbing, then giving out the 
quiet impulse with a fervor which moulded many a great 
character. This training, this long schooling has fitted the 
sisters for the best possible work. They have come into pos- 
session of their own without rebellion, without a striking hand, 
without an indecent arrogance to spot the clearness. And so 
the Lord has blessed us all, our mothers and sisters, fathers, 
brothers, sons and daughters. The very simplicity which was 
so long developing came to maturity, ripe with experiences of 
unmurmuring submission and of unity, and may peace continue 
with its fructifying fruitages. 

South Los Angeles Church had now grown to a 
1909 well-rounded out congregation, and on March 25th 

the thirteen churches were represented by twenty- 
three delegates. Elder D. L. Miller read a scriptural lesson 
(1 Cor. 13) and Elder Moses Deardorff of Iowa asked bless- 
ings for the meeting. Edmund Forney was called to moderate 
the assembly, S. G. Lehmer to read the papers, and M. M. 
Eshelman and J. W. Cline to record the proceedings. The 
usual rules being adopted, the report of committees was taken 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 95 

up. The one on the plan for a more extensive energizing of 
latent talent was considered. The committee having the matter 
in charge reported that very little progress had been made. 
The amount of religious machinery in local churches rendered 
it difficult to introduce another operative principle. Overload- 
ing is just as possible in lines of work as overloading the 
digestive organs. Overloading clogs healthy digestion. 

The Trustees of the Golden State Home and Orphanage 
announced that Lordsburg College was absorbing so much in- 
terest in the district that it was not possible to collect funds for 
this very needful project. Much as the Golden State Home 
and Orphanage is needed, it is dormant on account of the 
interests of the young people. No one has as yet risen to 
energize in behalf of the needy aged. 

An inquiry came from the South Los Angeles Church 
"whether a congregation supporting a pastor has the right to 
say to any other minister" in that congregation "shall not 
expect to take his regular turn in preaching." This ministerial 
subject was presented to General Conference for ultimate 
decision and through higher counsel returned unanswered — 
not likely because it was unanswerable, but because it lacked 
weightiness. It was in all probability purely local in its 
demands. 

Lordsburg asked Annual Meeting that "hereafter no 
question shall be declared lost" that receives more than one- 
hall of the affirmative vote, but to be regarded as a deferred 
'question. This attempt at amendment of rule eleven of Gen- 
eral Conference did not receive enough affirmative votes to 
become operative. 

The Covina Church asked that the Christian Workers be 
organized, and the Conference "organized" them. Of course, 
this looks like organizing the church over because all the mem- 
bers are Christian Workers unless we have reached the abilities 
to call out the drones by measuring each by the amount of 
verbal expression he can put forth. Likely the organization 
simply looked toward the moderating, programming and record- 
ing of concerted efforts of all the local assemblies. It was 
agreed that such meetings be held the day following the Sunday 
School meeting. 



96 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Los Angeles asked District Meeting to create a committee 
to codify the District Minutes and prepare a "brief history" of 
each congregation. This was agreed to and W. E. Trostle, 
M. M. Eshelman, A. M. White, D. A. Norcross and B. F. 
Masterson were elected. 

The Mission Board's statement included the facts concern- 
ing the work in Santa Ana by J. A. Miller, South Los Angeles 
interests were served by W. H. Wertenbaker, the man of quiet, 
forceful endeavor, and Imperial Valley was being developed in 
living truth by W. M. Piatt. The Treasurer reported receipts 
and balances at the beginning at $2357.13, and outlays as 
$1954.21, leaving an unexpended balance of $302.92. In this 
was included $500.00 contributed toward extension of church 
house in South Los Angeles congregation. 

The Committee on Bible School funds had receipts of 
$506.71, all of which was expended, most of it paid to Marian 
D. Shock as teacher of the Bible Department in the Lordsburg 
College. 

J. A. Miller was sent to represent the District at General 
Conference at St. Joseph, Missouri. 

The Treasurer of Lordsburg College reported receipts of 
$4721.23 and the borrowing of $600.00 to meet the demands of 
the school year, and that the expenditures were $5381.80, leav- 
ing a deficit of $660.57. 

The total membership reported was 1097, conversions 45, 
and 16 Sunday Schools in operation all the year. For the first 
time there were uniform reports, the Secretary having sent 
blanks to the congregations. In this way it was easy to collate 
the reports and get near the statistical facts. 

On April 16, 1909, a special District Meeting was held in 
South Los Angeles Church with reference to the Lordsburg 
College. 

This District Meeting was held at the Pacific Ocean, 
1910 the first time in the history of the Church of the 

Brethren. Long Beach had made ample prepara- 
tions for the Conference, March 24th, and thirteen congrega- 
tions represented by twenty-two delegates met with a large 
number of other members. S. E. Yundt was chosen Mode- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 97 

rator, W. H. Wertenbaker Reading Clerk, W. F. England 
and J. A. Brubaker Secretaries by what is known as "the 
open ballot," which when understood means the ballots were 
read aloud to the congregation. This is one way of all knowing. 

The receipts for Missions were $2678.00, and outlays 
$2745.00, with a balance of $235.00. 

Conference decided to elect an Auditing Committee of 
three to audit the books and legal papers of the district of 
Southern California and Arizona. The following officers were 
elected: E. R. Yundt for three years, N. J. Brubaker for two 
years and Wm. H. Keim for one year, 1911. The same offi- 
cials are still serving in same capacity, having been re-elected 
at expiration of each respective term. 

The Golden State Home and Orphanage had in the treas- 
ury $209.00 with no Home in sight. 

A total of 1084 members was reported, and there were 
forty-six conversions during the year. 

This Conference was held at Covina March 23rd. 
1911 G. F. Chemberlen, Moderator; W. E. Trostle, Sec- 

retary; D. W. Crist, Assistant; William Stutsman, 
Reading Clerk. Twenty-seven delegates were present from 
fourteen churches: Glendora, J. S. Brubaker, A. M. White; 
Imperial Valley, Charles Gillett, W. F. Gillett; El Centra, 
Emma Mitchell, W. M. Piatt; Pasadena, Mary Nill, L. D. 
Bosserman ; Lordsburg, J. P. Dickey, W. F. England ; South 
Los Angeles, W. H. Wertenbaker, Asa J. Trostle ; Long Beach, 
B. F. Masterson, Urias Shick; Inglewood, W. Q. Calvert, 
Oscar Mathias ; Covina, Peter Fessler, Harvey Snell ; Pomona, 
S. E. Yundt, J. A. Brubaker ; Santa Ana, J. B. Bashor, G. M. 
Rexroad ; East Los Angeles, D. W. Crist, G. G. Lehmer ; 
Tropico, William Stutsman, S. S. Garst; Hemet, S. E. Yoder. 

1. Title of Santa Ana Church House conveyed to Church 
of the Brethren. 

2. Mission Board of the District authorized to incor- 
porate under California Laws. 

District Mission Board reported on hand from last year 
$225.12 and collected from local churches $1725.73. Mission- 



98 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

ary Workers : Long Beach, Effie Metzger ; Pasadena, Mary 
Nill ; Santee, S. A. Honberger ; Glendale, J. G. Rarick. 

3. Representation on the Board of Child rens-Home 
Society endorsed and J. H. Brubaker chosen. 

4. By-laws for Golden State Home and Orphanage 
adopted. At this date efforts are being made to unite with 
Northern California in this good work. 

5. Membership of District reported, 1158; number of 
Sunday School pupils enrolled in twenty-four schools was 
1941, and contributions $1990.75. Conversions were 52. 

6. The bequest of $1000.00 formerly supposed to be 
given to the Mission Board for Gospel teaching, was decided to 
belong to the Lordsburg College, and the Judge of the Court 
was asked to make an order to this effect. 

7. The District Temperance Committee asked each local 
church to organize and contribute means. Literature was dis- 
seminated. 

9. Hemet Church sought privilege to canvass District 
for means to erect a building of worship. 

10. Covina asked the privilege to set apart ministers 
that should devote all their time to "prayer and ministry of the 
Word." Agreed to this, and Scriptures bearing upon their 
support given: 1 Cor. 9:2-4; Matt. 10:10; Luke 10:7; Phil. 
4:15-7; 1 Pet. 5 :2, and Acts 13 :2-4. 

11. The fourth Thursday of October named to hold Dis- 
trict Conference. 

Tropico asked that steps be taken to use as Sunday School 
lessons known as the Holy Spirit method, or taking the book in 
all its connections. It was referred to the General Sunday 
School Committee of the Church of the Brethren. 

On the death of Elder Joseph W. Trostle the following 
resolution was adopted by the Ministerial Meeting: 

"In the presence of the varied dispensations of the provi- 
dences of our divine Father showing the benincence of His 
grace, we would exalt His name in our submission to His will, 
and whereas in the manifestations of His infinite wisdom He 
has called from our midst our beloved colaborer, Elder Joseph 
W. Trostle, to the more exalted services of the larger life, and 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 99 

as a token of our appreciation of his services and faithful labors 
while among us, be it resolved, that we record at this time of 
his labors testimony of our appreciation of his wise council, 
his devoted labors extended over two score years, and fully 
attest his devotion to the Church of the Brethren. We now 
commend his many Christian virtues, his saintly life and godly 
example to our fellows, and would bestow it as a rich heritage 
to a great posterity." 

There were two District Meetings this year. This 
1911 one was held in Pomona October 26th. George F. 

Chemberlen presided, W. E. Trostle served as Sec- 
retary, and George H. Bashor was Reader. Twenty-nine dele- 
gates were present from fifteen churches. 

The District Mission Board reported assistance being 
rendered to Santee, Long Beach, South Los Angeles Mission 
and Glendale, Arizona. The Mission at Channing Street was 
turned over to the East Los Angeles Church. 

The amount of money on hand from last year was $791.70, 
and collected from the local churches $1018.65. Total re- 
ported $1809.72. The expenditures for work were $599.00, 
leaving a working balance of $1210.72. The time covered by 
this statement was from March 23 to October 23, 1911. 

The membership reported was 1244. Conversions reported, 
130. 

The assembly agreed that any delegate that has been 
approached on the election of District officers shall report the 
same to the officers of the meeting. 

It was decided that all officers and teachers of Sunday 
Schools shall be installed by a suitable procedure. 

The District granted the privilege to the Mission Board 
to secure a Bible teacher to hold Bible classes in the District 
as the demand may require. 

The queries and matter for District Meetings to be pub- 
lished prior to the Meeting for study. 

A Christmas gift of $100.00 was ordered to our Mission- 
ary in India, Sister Emmert. 

At this meeting steps were taken to incorporate under the 
laws of the State of California so that the District may hold 



100 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

property in legal form. The following are the statutes govern- 
ing the same : 

STATUTES 1911, CHAPTER 738, PAGE 1435 

Sec. 4. It is hereby declared that Section 603 of the Civil 
Code as heretofore existing is repealed, and a new Section 603 
is hereby added to the Civil Code to read as follows : 

Sec. 603. Any religious association or body of this State, 
composed of constituent churches, parishes, congregations, 
societies or missions which have a common convention, synod, 
council, assembly or conference, may incorporate under the 
provisions of this title. 

The articles of incorporation shall set forth the proceed- 
ings authorizing the incorporation of such association, the time 
and place at which they were had, the manner in which, and the 
terms upon which the directors or trustees named in the articles 
of incorporation were chosen, and that said proceedings were 
in accordance with the constitution, by-laws, discipline, canons, 
rules and regulations of such association. 

The articles of incorporation need be subscribed and 
acknowledged only by the presiding officer and clerk, scribe, or 
secretary of such association ; but they must make affidavit, 
which shall be appended to the articles, that they subscribed 
and acknowledged the articles by authority of such association, 
and that the statements therein contained are true to the best 
of their knowledge, information and belief. 

Member of the Standing Committee for 1912, Elder J. P. 
Dickey. 

This meeting was held in Glendora October 24th 
1912 with George F. Chemberlen, Moderator; J. P. 

Dickey, Secretary, and George H. Bashor, Reading 
Clerk. Sixteen churches were represented by thirty-two dele- 
gates. 

The report of the District Mission Board showed that 
evangelistic work was done in Santee, Redondo, South Los 
Angeles Mission, Phoenix and Glendale, Arizona, at an ex- 
pense of $1346.15. For the coming year $1200.00 was con- 
tributed for mission work. From the local churches ninety- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 101 

three conversions are reported. From the sixteen churches 
1433 members were reported. Twenty-two Sunday Schools 
reported an enrollment of 2414 pupils. 

No provision having been made to publish the District 
History, the report of the Commttee was received and Com- 
mittee continued. 

E. R. Yundt, George Chemberlen, E. T. Keiser, George 
H. Bashor and I. B. Netzley were chosen by lot to serve as 
District Trustees, to hold property. They reported the by-laws, 
which were adopted. 

Among the queries and petitions was one from the South 
Los Angeles Church desiring that a Bible Department and Ex- 
tension Course of study be placed in the Lordsburg College, 
and it was agreed to. W. H. Wertenberger, J. Z. Gilbert and 
E. T. Keiser constitute the committee to put the resolution into 
effect. 

The Golden State Home and Orphanage not having come 
into form and operation yet, requests for its position of use- 
fulness was made. The request referred to its trustees. 

The Meeting united with Oregon, Washington and Idaho 
in a call for the Annual Conference of 1914 or 1915 to be 
held on the Pacific Coast. This resulted in the Conference 
being held in Seattle in 1914. 

The largest membership, 343, was reported from Lords- 
burg this year. The largest number of conversions, 20, was 
reported from the East Los Angeles Church. 

Elder George H. Bashor represented the District on the 
Standing Committee of the 1913 Conference. 

This District Meeting was held in Santa Ana Oct. 
1913 23. Geo. H. Bashor was Moderator, J. P. Dickey, 

Secretary, J. W. Cline, Assistant, and D. W. Crist, 
Reading Clerk. 

1. Plea to change name of college from Lordsburg to 
Palmera, and so ordered. 

2. Authority to conduct street services in Los Angeles. 

3. Trustees chosen to hold the Riley Fund and other 
trust funds of the District. Request to Annual Conference to 



102 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

create an examining board to pass upon the fitness of all who 
desire to follow Bible Teaching. 

4. Lordsburg College granted right to create annuity 
endowments. 

5. Educational Board granted right to appoint two mem- 
bers for a joint committee from Northern District of Cali- 
fornia. 

6. District Meeting officers empowered to fill Sunday 
School Secretary vacancy. 

7. Authority asked to create a Chinese Mission in Los 
Angeles to fit mission workers for China. 

This Conference was held in Lordsburg Oct. 22. 

1914 Geo. H. Bashor was Moderator, W. H. Werten- 
berger, Secretary, W. E. Trostle, Assistant, 

D. W. Crist, Reading Clerk. 

1. Request to create a position on the Educational Board 
of the several Districts of the Pacific Coast. W. F. England 
chosen to said position. 

2. Urgency to erect the Golden State Home and Orphan- 
age which has not materialized since its inception in 1907. 

3. Only members of the Church of the Brethren to be 
representatives at Christian Workers and Sunday School con- 
ventions. 

4. W. H. Wertenbaker and H. J. Vaniman to have charge 
of Rescue Mission. 

This District Meeting was held in Pasadena Oct. 

1915 28. Geo. F. Chemberlen, Moderator, W. E. Trostle, 
Secretary, J. A. Brubaker, Assistant, E. S. Young, 

Reading Clerk. 

1. Request from Pomona Church that the Trustees of 
Lordsburg College be authorized to raise an endowment of 
$100,000 for the College. 

2. Churches to contribute $50.00 for the beginning of a 
fund for superannuated ministers. 

3. Santa Ana Church asks that the Elders of the District 
more fully employ Gospel Measures to bring a greater respect 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 103 

from the members in regard to the doctrine of nonconformity 
in dress. 

4. Lordsburg asks that greater care be exercised in invit- 
ing non-members into our pulpits. 

5. Petition asking for a committee to confer with North- 
ern California District with regard to an Old Folks' Home. 

6. Tropico asked for a plan to hold a ten-day camp meet- 
ing to unify all interests of the District more fully. Santee 
Church asked for something similar. Referred to officers of 
this District Meeting to produce a way. 

7. Santee Church granted privilege to solicit other con- 
gregations for money to erect a church house. 

8. East Los Angeles asks that the next Annual Meeting 
coming to the Pacific Coast be held in Los Angeles. 

9. Mothers organization empowered. Sister William H. 
Wertenbaker, Sister Harvey Vaniman first officers. 

Geo. F. Chemberlen, Moderator, W. M. Piatt, 
1916 Secretary, A. C. Root, Assistant, J. P. Dickey, 

Reading Clerk. 

1. East Los Angeles asked for Annual Meeting of 1918. 

2. Santa Ana District Meeting to pass a rule that no 
District Officer can succeed himself in office. Referred to a 
committee of three to report next year. 

3. Long Beach asks that the Old Folks' Home be given 
some consideration. Referred to Golden State Home and 
Orphanage Committee. 

4. Reports of various committees made and agreed to. 

1. In 1913 the membership of the District was 1461, and 
the amount contributed for Mission work was $6165.62. 

2. In 1914 the membership tyas 1455, and the amount of 
money for missionary work was $8718.68. 

3. In 1915 the membership was 1581, and the amount 
given for mission was $12,938.30. 

4. In 1916 the membership was 1638 and the contribu- 
tions amounted to $8045.36, of a total for four years of 
$32,867.96. 

5. The amount for District incidental expenses during the 
four years was $5882.02. 



104 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

6. The Educational contributions are $11,643.48. 

7. Worldwide contributions for four years are $6464.55. 
According to our records, the District of California and 

Arizona up to May, 1907, and the District of Southern Cali- 
fornia since that time have given to the worldwide endowment 
about $45,000.00. In 1912 California ranked seventh as a state 
in the amount of money given to the worldwide endowment. 
At that time the Sunday School contributions amounted to 
$11,973.00. Conference in Long Beach. 

WHO HAS LED IN DISTRICT MEETINGS 
WHEN AND WHERE 

Moderators: 

Christian Wine, Covina, 1889. 

Peter Overholtzer, Los Angeles, 1890. 

J. S. Flory, Cone jo (Ka-na-ho), 1891; Lordsburg, 1892; 

Covina, 1893. 
P. S. Myers, Tropico, 1894, and Lordsburg, 1899. 
J. S. Mohler, Lordsburg, 1895 ; Los Angeles, 1897. 
W. J. Thomas, Lordsburg, 1896. 
J. W. Trostle, Lordsburg, 1898, and Lordsburg, 1900. 
S. E. Yundt, Los Angeles, 1901; Inglewood, 1904; Oak 

Grove, 1907; Long Beach, 1910. 
George F. Chemberlen, Covina,. 1902; Inlgewood, 1904; 

Glendora, 1905 ; Lordsburg, 1906 ; Covina, 191 1 ; 

Pomona, 1911; Glendora, 1912; Special Glendora, 

1912; Pasadena, 1915; Long Beach, 1916. 
S. G. Lehmer, Colton, 1903. 
W. F. England, Inglewood, 1908. 

George H. Bashor, Santa Ana, 1913, and Lordsburg, 1914. 
Edmond Forney, South Los Angeles, 1909, and two special 

meetings at the same place in same year. 

Reading Clerks: 

Jacob Whitmore, Covina, 1889. 

J". S. Flory, Los Angeles, 1890. 

T. J. Nair, Conejo, 1891 ; Lordsburg, 1892. 

E. A. Miller, Covina, 1893; Tropico, 1894; Lordsburg, 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 105 

1895; Glendora, 1896; Los Angeles, 1897; Lords- 
burg, 1898. 

B. F. Masterson, Covina, 1899. 

Christian Wine, Lordsburg, 1900. 

W. I. T. Hoover, Los Angeles, 1901. 

S. G. Lehmer, Covina, 1902; South Los Angeles, 1909; 
Special, 1909. 

W. C. Hanawalt, Colton, 1903; Inglewood, 1904; Oak 
Grove, 1907. 

W. E. Trostle, Glendora, 1905. 

G. G. Lehmer, Lordsburg, 1906. 

J. A. Brubaker, Inglewood, 1908. 

W. H. Wertenbaker, Long Beach, 1910. 

William Stutsman, Covina, 1911. 

George H. Bashor, Glendora, 1912. 

E. S. Young, Pasadena, 1915. 

D. W. Crist, Santa Ana, 1913; Lordsburg, 1914. 

J. P. Dickey, Long Beach, 1916. 

Secretaries: 

D. A. Norcross, Covina, 1889. 
Aaron Wolf, Los Angeles, 1890. 

M. M. Eshelman, Conejo, 1891; Los Angeles, 1897; 

Lordsburg, 1898; Oak Grove, 1907; Inglewood, 1908; 

South Los Angeles, 1909, and two special meetings 

at the same place in 1909. 
B. F. Masterson, Lordsburg, 1892; Covina, 1893, and 

Lordsburg, 1895. 
S. G. Lehmer, Tropico, 1894. 
Darius Overholtzer, Glendora, 1896. 

E. T. Keiser, Glendora, 1903. 

W. M. Piatt, Covina, 1904; Long Beach, 1916. 

W. C. Hanawalt, Glendora, 1905. 

W. F. England, Long Beach, 1910. 

W. E. Trostle, Covina, 1911; Glendora, 1912; Pasadena, 

1915. 
J. P. Dickey, Santa Ana, 1913. 
W. M. Wertenbaker, Lordsburg, 1914. 



106 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Assistant Secretaries: 

■ Justus Cline, 1900. 
W. M. Piatt, 1901. 
Jesse Overholtzer, 1903-4. 
S. G. Lehmer, 1905. 
W. E. Trostle, 1906-7-8, 1912, 1914. 
J. W. Cline, 1909 and 1913. 
J. A. Brubaker, 1910, 1915. 
D. W. Crist, 1911. 
A. C. Root, 1916. 

Representatives at Annual Meeting: 

1889. J. S. Flory, Harrisonburg, Va. 

1890. J. S. Flory, Pertle Springs, Mo. 

1891. J". S. Mohler, Hagerstown, Md. 

1892. I. M. Gibbel, Cedar Rapids, la. 

1893. J. S. Flory, Muncie, Ind. 

1894. John Metzger, Myersdale, Pa. 

1895. P. S. Myers, Decatur, Ills. 

1896. John W. Metzger, Ottawa, Kas. 

1897. J. W. Trostle, Frederic, Md. 

1898. Andrew Hutchinson, Naperville, Ills. 

1899. J. S. Flory, Roanoke, Va. 

1900. P. S. Myers, North Manchester, Ind. 

1901. Stephen Yoder, Lincoln, Neb. 

1902. By Letter at Harrisburg, Pa. 

1903. Edmond Forney, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

1904. S. E. Yundt, Carthage, Mo. 

1905. George F. Chemberlen, Bristol, Tenn. 

1906. J. W. Trostle, Springfield, Ills. 

1907. Edmond Forney, Los Angeles, Cal. 

1908. D. A. Norcross, Des Moines, la. 

1909. J. A. Mller, Harrisonburg, Va. 

1910. J. P. Dickey, Winona Lake, Ind. 

1911. W. Q. Cilvert, St. Joseph, Mo. 

1912. J. P. Dickey, York, Pa. 

1913. George H. Bashor, Winona Lake. 

1914. S. E. Yundt, Seattle, Wash. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 107 

1915. George H. Bashor, Hershey, Pa. 

1916. W. F. England, Winona Lake, Ind. 

1917. George F. Chemberlen, Wichita, Kas. 

Of these the following named are at this time (January 
1st, 1917) "absent from the body and present with the Lord:" 
J. S. Flory, J. S. Mohler, John W. Metzger, P. S. Myers, J. W. 
Trostle, Stephen Yoder. 



NORTHERN CALIFORNIA 

In 1907 at the District Meeting in Oak Grove, Fresno 
County, California, the Butte Valley Church, the Reedley 
Church, the Sacramento Valley Church and Fruitvale Church 
were organized into what is now known as the Northern Cali- 
fornia District. 

In 1912 Elder D. L. Forney prepared a good sketch of 
these local churches with the desire of having it published in 
this work. We regret that for want of space the matter can- 
not. be inserted here. 



108 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

HISTORY OF THE LORDSBURG COLLEGE 

In the month of December, 1889, George L. McDonaugh, 
then Traveling Passenger Agent of the Southern California 
Railroad, in company with Judge A. P. Maginnis, took M. M. 
Eshelman, T. J. Nair and others to see the Lordsburg Hotel, 
built during the boom times at a cost of $75,000.00. 

After viewing the building, Mr. Maginnis requested the 
party to make an offer with the view of turning the property 
into a business college. M. M. Eshelman prepared an option 
with the hope that it would be rejected, not desiring to engage 
in the college business. The option included the building and 
block upon which it stood, and one hundred town lots, many 
in fruit bearing trees, together with a bonus of $1200.00 to 
outfit the building for school purposes — all for $15,000, pay- 
able in three years without interest. To the surprise of all, the 
three sets of trustees, who owned the property, accepted the 
option. 

In 1890 S. A. Overholter, David Kuns, Daniel Houser and 
Henry Kuns, who, while not having a scholastic training, were 
greatly interested in having a school in perfect accord with the 
principles and usages of the Church of the Brethren. They 
gave freely of their money and time for ten years to bring the 
institution to a high standard of usefulness. Dr. T. J. Nair 
was the fifth Trustee. 

The institution, under the title, "The Lordsburg College," 
was opened in the autumn of 1891, with Dr. S. S. Garst as 
President, F. U. Nofziger as teacher of the Commercial De- 
partment, Miss Sue Wengert as instructor in Music, Prof. 
Solomon Hendricks teacher of Mathematics and Miss Mary 
Robinson as instructor in Greek; M. M. Eshelman was 
responsible for the Primary Department and Emma Yoder as 
teacher in actual charge. One hundred and thirty-five pupils 
were enrolled the first year. The second year found almost 
an entire new family, with E. A. Miller, as President, in charge. 

The three-story structure has a south front of 185 feet, 
an east wing of 109 feet and a west wing of 189 feet. It is not 
ill-adapted for school purposes in its incipient stage, in a new 
and growing community. 




Founders and First Trustees of Lordsburg College. 
Samuel A. Overholtzer. Daniel Houser. 



. m-m.m •» 



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HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 109 

The location is perhaps unexcelled for beauty. With the 
high Sierra Madre mountains close by on the north and the 
San Jose hills on the south and open views to the east and west, 
landscapes dotted and fringed with flowers, deciduous and 
citrus orchards and ornamental trees, the charm of the aesthete 
and the less artistic, what could be better adapted to bring high 
ideals to mortals who love God's creations ? 

There were then less than one dozen houses in the village, 
but it has grown to an incorporated city of the sixth class, 
with electric lights, gas, and fine water in abundance under 
pressure. Cement curbs and sidewalks, beautiful drives and 
boulevards, modern residences, fringed with palms, vines, roses 
and a great variety of semi-tropical vegetation make the place 
delightful all the year. Orange and lemon groves and highly 
ornamental homes entertain the eyes while one is passing over 
the country. 

Lordsburg has no saloons, no places of evil resort, no pool 
rooms. Thousands of persons come to Southern California 
each year to enjoy its fine climatic conditions. Within the past 
few years quite a number of families have taken residence in 
Lordsburg to be near the College for the education of their 
children. Others have come for cultural, social and religious 
privileges usually found in a town with high aims. 

The place is reached by three transcontinental railways. 
The Santa Fe system between Chicago and Los Angeles, the 
through trains of which stop to let passengers off at Lords- 
burg, as well as local trains. The Southern Pacific Railway 
between Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and Seattle, has 
a depot within five minutes walk of the college. The Salt 
Lake between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles, passes through 
Pomona, a most wonderful means of seeing the country, roads 
so smooth that one feels he is riding over a floor. Students 
come and go to school on their bicycles and motorcycles and 
automobiles with pleasure. 

On March 26, 1908, the property, with its building, equip- 
ment and eighteen acres of land, was donated to, and accepted 
by, the Church of the Brethren of Southern California and 
Arizona. In conformity to this plan the ownership and con- 
trol, the charter was accordingly amended. 



1 1 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

October the first, 1914, the Northern District of California 
voted to join in the ownership and management of the College 
on condition that the reverting clause to the deed to the 
property be removed, so that a clear title may be secured by 
the Church of the Brethren. Accordingly, on December 13, 
1916, a deed in escrow was secured and is to be delivered to 
the Church of the Brethren on condition that a building to 
cost not less than $20,000.00 shall be erected. 

Since the institution has been in the hands of the Church 
efforts have been made to bring the course of study in accord 
with the State requirements. The intense interest in education 
on the Pacific Coast has caused educational institutions to 
spring up all over the state, and the high schools abound in all 
communities. With these competitors offering splendid 
courses and the membership of the Church of the Brethren 
being very small as compared with other denominations, the 
attendance has been limited. The obstacles have been ever 
present. At no time has there been an overwhelming en- 
thusiasm on the part of all the church members. One of the 
hindrances was an insufficient sum of money to meet all 
requirements that other schools offered. It had to meet diffi- 
culties as all others have to — through much perseverance. 

There have been several distinct periods in the history of 
the College. The first period covered the first ten years, there 
being a provision in the original contract of sale to the effect 
that a school must be maintained for ten years in order to get 
a clear title to the property. At the expiration of the ten years 
the trustees refused to put any more money, or at least very 
little, into the college, but insisted on leasing the property to 
some person or persons who would assume all responsibilities 
for the operation of the college. Owing to this attitude there 
was no school during 1901 to 1902. — "J 

The second period was from 1902 to 1907, during which / 
time the school property was leased for school purposes. This / 
plan had its defects also, since a college is not a commercial! 
but a charitable institution. 

The third period was from 1907 to 1908, during which time 
the college was operated by the Trustees of the Lordsburg 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 1 

College Association. It was the transition period from private 
to church ownership. 

The fourth period began in 1908. Since that time the 
college has been conducted by Trustees chosen by the Con- 
ference of Southern California and Arizona. 

Since the beginning until 1912 the work was almost wholly 
that of an Academy, though there were some classes during 
most of this time that were only of grammar grade, such classes 
as grammar, arithmetic, geography and orthography. Occa- 
sionally during the latter half of this period there were one or 
two classes of college grade. 

From the beginning until the summer of 1914 a commer- 
cial department was maintained. It was discontinued because 
the high schools all maintain such departments, besides many 
young people desiring such instruction prefer such courses in 
the larger commercial colleges in the cities. 

Likewise were given elementary courses in vocal and piano 
music expression. 

Another feature of the curriculum was Bible study. But 
owing to the fact that all work of the school was below college 
grade, the Bible Department never developed beyond the same 
standard. But now since the Bible Study of an Academy grade 
receives credit among the fifteen units required for entrance to 
the Freshman Class in college, a large per cent of the Academy 
students elect one or more units of Bible Study. This is very 
encouraging to the friends of the college, who are desirous that 
some Bible study be taken by every Academy student, which 
alone makes a marked distinction between the private Academy 
and the public high school. 

In 1911 the Academy was placed in the accredited list of 
the secondary schools in California. This gave encouragement 
to the school authorities and a noticeable increase in the at- 
tendance was manifest. 

In 1912 a College Course was outlined, the faculty in- 
creased and strengthened, and the increased enrollment con- 
tinued. Had not the freeze which the whole of Southern Cali- 
fornia experienced, in January, 1913, occurred, it is quite prob- 
able that the increases in enrollment would have continued, 



112 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

instead of declining; the endowment of the College would 
doubtless have been increased, the equipment would have been 
enlarged and a new building be in use before the time of this 
writing, December, 1916. "Hard times" affected all kinds of 
charitable institutions throughout the state. " 

The school laws of California are in many respects much 
more rigid than in many of the other states, which also makes 
it more difficult to develop a first-class college in California. 

Since the fall of 1912 the College has been offering each 
year a number of courses in all of the main departments of 
College work, viz., English, Mathematics, History, Language, 
Philosophy and Social, Physical and Biological Sciences. Most 
of the courses in these departments alternate year by year, thus 
conserving teaching force and expense and making fewer small 
classes. 

During the past four years of definitely outlined College 
work the Institution lost many of its best College students 
because it was still unable to give them the work that they 
demanded, but the encouraging feature of the situation is that 
other colleges of the highest standards have given these 
students full credit for their work done in Lordsburg College. 

From the beginning the College endeavored to secure as 
a faculty men and women not only of high intellectual attain- 
ments, but of moral and Christian character as well. 

Perhaps for the first two-thirds of its history, the most of 
the teachers were not College graduates, and held no degrees. 
This was, of course, unfortunate, for it implies an erroneous 
pedagogical principle, namely that one does not need to be a 
College graduate in order successfully to teach elementary and 
secondary subjects. There are, though, numerous exceptions, 
and in some of its teachers Lordsburg College was fortunate 
to have excellent teachers who were not College graduates. - 
But with all of these exceptions and well intentioned efforts, 
the laws of California do not take much account. Hence the 
growth of the Institution has not been commensurate with the 
well meant efforts and heroic sacrifices made in its behalf. 

The future of the College is of supreme interest to the 
Church. Great changes in all departments of life have taken 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 3 

place in California within the last twenty years. The present 
Board of Trustees are keenly aware of these changes and are 
seeking the best means to meet them so far as the College and 
higher educational advantages are concerned. The friends and 
the patrons of the College, too, are more cognizant of the de- 
mands of the present time for thoroughly educated and trained 
young men and women for successfully coping with life's 
opportunities, r- 

But best of all, the institution is most fortunate in having 
for its present President a man of many years of experience 
as a College professor and administrator. He is Elder S. J. 
Miller, A. M., L. H. D. He is ably seconded by W. I. T. 
Hoover, M. A., Ph. D., Dean of the College, who in 1912 out- 
lined the first College Course and issued the first College 
Catalog. 

At the time of the election of S. J. Miller to the Presi- 
dency, Feb., 1915, by the Joint Board of the Northern and 
the Southern Districts, there was a great deal of enthusiasm 
in a larger Lordsburg College ; however there were no steps 
taken to carry into effect the release of the Reverting Clause.' 
Not until the time of the Board Meeting in February, 1916, 
were definate steps taken to accomplish this. It was agreed that 
each District should solicit its share of the $2,000.00 to pur- 
chase the interest of Henry L. Kuns. When this was accomp- 
lished and the quit claim deed with the contract providing for 
the erection of a building to cost not less than $20,000.00, 
\ before Feb. 1, 1920, were placed in escrow, the way was open 
for planning larger things for the school. 

The College building, an imposing structure, built in the 
boom days of California, 1888, was erected for a hotel build- 
ing. It has housed the College ever since the opening of the 
school and has at various times been repaired. 

It has, however, outlived the generation to which it stands 
as a monument for their interest in the cause of education in 
the Church of the Brethren. The spirit of California demands 
modern equipments as well as modern buildings. •* — 

The building is not adapted to the use to which it has been 



1 1 4 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

put. The recitation rooms are not well arranged and the 
Dormitory arrangements are not satisfactory. 

Students, teachers and Boards of Directors have felt for 
a long time the need of modern, up-to-date structures, but the 
large amount of money necessary to build has always been in 

t ,the way of the College men. The Districts have not felt able 
to do the things necessary to place the school on a solid founda- 
tion. 

The feeling had grown strong in the minds of the students 
and the faculty that unless steps are taken to build, the college 
must close its doors. Everybody felt it an unsafe proposition 
to equip the building with the necessary equipments to keep 
the school in the front rank of colleges, since the building is 

.a wooden structure, and likely at some time to burn to the 
ground. The need was imperative and something must be 
done to continue the College, for the Church of the Brethren 
feel the need of a school on the coast. 

At the meeting of the Joint Boards, Feb. 5, 1917, Presi- 
dent Miller presented the problems of the college to the 
Board and made a plea for a new Administration Building. 

After a very brief discussion a resolution was passed by 
the Board to institute a campaign for not less than $60,000.00 
for a building, and the Executive Committee with the Presi- 
dent was instructed to investigate the Ward Systems Co., who 
have had large experience in soliciting money for charitable 
purposes, and if they found them reliable, to employ them. 

This was done and a contract was made with them to con- 
duct an eight weeks' campaign, to begin March 12, 1917. At 
the beginning of the second week, the first donation of $10,000, 
the gift of Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenneman was given. 

This was followed by Elder and Sister W. E. Trostle, 
with another $10,000 gift, and immediately Brethren J. H. Bru- 
baker and David Blickenstaff gave a gift of $5,000 each. 

At the close of the fourth week $53,576.00 was pledged, 
thus nearly reaching the first call of $60,000.00. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 5 

As this history goes to press the friends of the College 
feel assured of the success of the plan to build an Administra- 
tion building to cost about $70,000, and a Ladies' Dormitory 
to cost about $30,000.00. 

s Both these buildings are to be built out of reinforced con- 
crete, as nearly fire-proof as possible. 

The magnificent response of the people to this appeal is 
an excellent tribute to their faith in larger things for the 
Master's service. 

The following is a list of the Presidents of the College : 

Dr. S. S. Garst, 1891-1893. 

E. A. Miller, A. M., 1893-1899. 

I. N. H. Beahm, 1899. 

W. I. T. Hoover, M. A., 1899-1901. 

W. C. Hanawalt, 1902-1908. 

W. F. England, 1908-1912. 

J. P. Dickey, B. S. L., 1912-1913. 

Edward Frantz, A. M., 1913-1915. 

S. J. Miller, A. M., L. H. D., 1915. 

The following are the present Board of Trustees from 
Southern California and Arizona : 
John S. Kuns, President. 
W. F. England, Vice-President. 
W. E. Trostle, Secretary. 

J. H. Brubaker, Treasurer and Business Manager. 
S. W. Funk. 
L. C. Klinzman. 
I. B. Netzley. 

Graduates for 1915: 

College — I. V. Funderburg, LeRoy Hoover. 

Academy — Catherine Bombarger, Ethel Brubaker, Ruth 
Blickenstaff, Guy Conrad, Cecil Cox, Benjamin Fisher, Wilma 
Klinzman, Russel Lichtenwalter, Alberta Neher, Maude Neher, 
Homer Norcross, John Rhodes, Emerson W. Root. 



I 1 6 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Expression — Ruth Barnhizer, Gladys Fesler, Esther Funk, 
Bertha Fike, Harper Frantz, Chressie Neff, Alberta Neher, 
Mary Taylor. 

Graduates for 1916: 

College — Vesta Sanger, Mrs. C. H. Yoder. 

Academy — Ruth Barnhizer, Raymond Brumbaugh, Isabel 
Eby, Gladys Fesler, Esther Funk, Mabel Funk, Ina Marshburn, 
Chressie Neff, John Stover, Mary Taylor, Dee L. Whisler, 
Selma Zug. 

Music — Alice Sickle. 

Expression — Wilma Klinzman, Mary Lichtenwalter, Dove 
Sauble, Roxie_Snei]. 




Joseph H. Brubaker, 
Business Manager Lordsburg College. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 1 1 7 

Before the opening of the Lordsburg College in 
Beautifying 1891, Henry Kuns, father of J. S. Kuns, and the 
writer collected from the nurseries at Pomona 
and Claremont a fine lot of shrubs and trees and planted them 
on the east side campus. In the center was set a fine sequoia 
gigantia or redwood, with the hope that if God set the time 
forward one thousand years the inhabitants then would see 
a mammoth tree,' but some foreign thing came into it and 
killed it. 

On the west side of the building, in a little space right up 
against the structure, Elder John Metzger and his wife, 
Parmelia, planted nice flowers and with some plants differing 
the others they set out the words, "OUR COLLEGE." They 
thus signified that they had part in the institution. That 
bed of flowers grew for sometime as a memorial of Elder 
John Metzger's attitude toward the School. 

The beautiful fountain in front of the college which has 
been permitted to go into unsightly decay, was often the scene 
of gracious induction into the Christ by immersion. One night, 
amid lanterns and the moon, a great crowd gathered to witness 
Elder John Metzger baptize Brother George McDonaugh. 

Was organized in the Lordsburg College build- 
The First ing in the year 1891. George L. McDonaugh 

Chinese Sun- and his family took a leading part in the teach- 
day School ing. There were about a half dozen pupils. 

A room in the basement was devoted to that 
purpose. Since then others have taken increased interest in 
that people, notably the Berean Bible School, 3231 North 
Broadway, Los Angeles. Out of the splendid enrollment under 
the care of Clarence Lehmer quite a number have been con- 
verted and united with the Church of the Brethren. At Glen- 
dora, Covina and Lordsburg the effort to win Japanese to 
Christ has been very satisfactory. God has people in all nations 
and the disciples have abilities to give them the knowledge of 
a living Christ. 



118 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

MINISTERIAL MEETINGS 

The chief values of spiritual conferences and the mutual 
interchange of mental equivalents came early in the history 
of the preachers of this district. An excellent interchange of 
gracious thought was held in East Los Angeles Church March 
24, 1897. 

The principal topics were: 

"Why have we Ministers ?" 

"How to Present the Word of God so as to win those who 
practice only a part of the Truth." 

"Duties of the Minister." 

"Duties of the church to the Ministry." 

Those discussing these questions were S. W. Funk, W. J. 
Thomas, B. F. Masterson, J. J. Kindig, Aaron Julius, P. S. 
Meyers, G. W. Hoxie, George F. Chemberlen, D. A. Norcross, 
J. S. Flory, P. A. Moore, J. W. Trostle, S. G. Lehmer, Isaac 
Gibbel and N. J. Brubaker. 

In 1903 the Ministerial Meeting was held in Colton 
Church. S. G. Lehmer, Moderator, and Jesse Overholtzer, 
Secretary. The spirit of the meeting was excellent. 

In 1904 the Ministerial Meeting convened in Inglewood 
March 23rd, G. F. Chemberlen presiding, and the topics were : 

"The Trumpet Blast." 

"What a Preacher Ought to Know." 

There is no record of the 1905, 1906 and 1907 Ministerial 
Meetings. 

In 1908 the Ministerial Meeting was held in Inglewood 
Church, March 25th. 

D. A. Norcross delivered an address on "The Sacredness 
of the Ministry." 

S. W. Funk— "The Future Minister: How to Get Him." 

H. A. Whisler — "How to Prepare Him, How to Use 
Him." 

B. F. Masterson — "The Paid Ministry." 

W. H. Wertenbaker— "The Pastor's Duties." 

W. F. England — Address to Ministers. 

Memorial resolutions upon the death of P. S. Myers and 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 119 

A. W. Vaniman were passed and sympathies extended to their 
wives. 

In 1900 Ministerial Meeting was held in the Covina 
Church. Memorial resolutions upon the death of Elder Joseph 
W. Trostle were passed. 

In 1912 Ministerial Meeting was held in Glendora, Oc- 
tober 22nd. Topics : 

"The Church as a World Force," W. I. T. Hoover. 

"Her Opportunities," William Wertenbaker. 

"Her Responsibilities," J. W. Cline. 

"What Is a Faithful and Spiritual Ministry?" by W. M. 
Piatt. 

"How to Obtain It ?" by W. E. Trostle. 

"How to Perpetuate It?" by N. J. Brubaker. 

"The Ideal Ministry," by P. H. Fitzwater. 

Elder J. P. Dickey discussed "What Disposition can we 
make of the surplus Ministry in a Church Employing a 
Pastor?" 

G. F. Chemberlen spoke on "Waiting on God." 

W. I. T. Hoover, "The Abiding Inspiration." 

W. F. England, "The Secret of Sanctity." 

In 1916 the big meeting of the history was held in Long 
Beach Church during the clays of August 27 to September 3, 
It included Sunday School efforts, Christian Workers reports, 
Ministerial teachings, preaching and lecturing. The parties 
participating in the exercises were J. P. Dickey, A. C. Root, 
W. I. T. Hoover, Mrs. Rose Calvert, Annie Browning, Sister 
S. W. Funk, Daisy Evans, Sister W. M. Piatt, Sister L. A. 
Blickenstaff, Marjorie Heller, Flora E. Teague, Dorothy Hos- 
felt, G. W. Kieffaber, G. F. Chemberlen, Silas Lehmer, Ray 
Olwin, Bab S. Stoner, S. J. Miller, J. Z. Gilbert, L. D. Bosser- 
man, W. F. England, J. W. Cline, George D. Knights, Alice 
Vaniman, Hattie Y. Gilbert, H. R. Taylor, Clarence H. Yoder, 
N. J. Brubaker, Nettie Brubaker, Edna Neher. 

The topics discussed were: "The Up-to-Date Sunday 
School," "The Standard of Efficiency," "The Teen Age," "How 



120 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

May the Aid Society Best Direct Her Efforts for Soul Win- 
ning," "Some of the Danger Signals in Our Aid Society," 
"What Relation Does the Aid Society Sustain to the Church?" 
"Does Anyone- Care for Father?" "The Value of Mothers' 
and Daughters' Meetings," "But What of the Wandering Girl," 
"What Disposition Can We Make of the Surplus Ministry in 
a Church Employing a Pastor?" "Waiting on God," "An Abid- 
ing Inspiration," "How Can Our Christian Workers Societies 
Become Active Forces in Christian Extension?" "A Well 
Organized Christian Workers Society," "The Christian Work- 
ers as a Working Band," "The Obligation of the Church in the 
Education of Our Young People," "The Outlook for Educa- 
tion on the Pacific Coast," "The Relation of Education to the 
Progress of the Church," "A Larger Lordsburg College," "The 
Secret of Sanctity," "How to Study the Bible," "The Relation 
of the Pastor to the Church and the Church to the Pastor," 
"Linking the Home to the Sunday School," "The Teacher's 
.Goal," "Bible Study," "California Dry," "The Gist of the 
Grist." 

In 1916 there were forty-one Elders in the District, twen- 
ty-one in the second degree of the ministry and three in the 
first degree, or sixty-five ministers. Ministerially, Los Angeles 
County is third in the United States, Lancaster County, Pa., 
being second with 67; Rockingham County, Va., with 75. 

There were ninety-one Deacons and 1637 members. In 
these reports Phoenix is not included for lack of information. 

SUNDAY SCHOOL DEVELOPMENTS 

As members came from the eastern fields of Sunday 
School work the members early manifested the desire to culti- 
vate this line of instruction. There were no concerted congre- 
gational efforts until at Lordsburg, December 29, 1906, when 
in connection with the Bible Institute a general meeting was 
held, J. W. Cline presiding. 

Covina, Colifornia, had the first Sunday School, then 
came the Conejo and Tropico, and these were followed by one 
in Lordsburg in 1891. The Lordsburg Sunday School Con- 
vention (December 29, 1906) discussed: 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 121 

"The Sunday School and the Church," E. R. Yundt. 

"The Proper Use of Sunday School Money," Ida Fessler. 

"Decision Day," Susie Forney. 

"How Better Prepare Our Teachers." Laura E. Haugh. 

The second convention was held in Lordsburg, December 
17, 1907, J. W. Cline in the Chair. In this convention every 
Sunday School but one in the District was represented. 

E. T. Keiser spoke on "The High Purpose of the School." 

W. F. England, "The Bible Our Text Book." 

E. R. Yundt, "The Child : Its Problems and Possibilities." 

The Sunday School Convention of 1908 was held at 
Covina, September 25th. 

"What Benefit Has the Church Derived from the Sunday 
School," W. E. Trostle. 

"My Plan of Teaching Next Sunday's Lesson in the 
Primary Class," Sarah Wertenbaker. 

"The Junior Class," Margaret Brandt. 

"Our Young People," Flora Teague. 

"Supplemental Work," Susie Forney. 

"Organized Work," W. F. England. 

From 1890 to 1900 contributions were freely made by 
Sunday Schools for good works. If the various Sunday 
Schools were not aggregated into one body, they still did 
efficient work. There was less talk and probably more real 
work. Jesse Overholtzer was the first District Secretary in 
1900. In 1901 he reported nine Sunday Schools with an enroll- 
ment of 633 ; 44 teachers and collections amounting to $263.71. 
Seventy-five per cent of the members were attending Sunday 
School. 

In 1901 there were eleven schools, 745 pupils, 53 teachers 
and $334.01 contributed. 

In 1902 W. M. Piatt reported 857 pupils, 65 teachers and 
$515.22 contributed. This was a gain of 16 per cent in mem- 
bership and 40 per cent in contributions. 

In 1903 the enrollment was 1129, a gain of about 40 per 
cent in enrollment, and donations to the amount of $485.00. 

In 1904 the enrollment was 1126, a slight gain. Money 
received $919.58, a gain of nearly 90 per cent. Eighty-two 
teachers did excellent service. The missionary sentiment 



122 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

throughout the District was greatly increased. The Sunday 
Schools were supporting Gertrude Rowland in India. 

In 1905 J. W. Cline being Secretary reported thirteen 
schools in active operation all the year. The enrollment was 
1016, an increase of 160; 79 teachers and contributions amount- 
ing to $1253.89 ,a gain of about 30 per cent. 

The meeting of 1907 was held in Oak Grove Church. 
Eighteen schools were represented, a gain of five over the 
previous year. Pupils enrolled, 1529; teachers, 101 ; collections, 
$1379.71 ; of this amount $759.58 were given to missions. 

In 1908 Convention showed an enrollment of 1485 in six- 
teen schools, 103 teachers and contributions of $1659.00. 

The Convention of 1909 showed an enrollment of 1645 
pupils, including the Home Department and Cradle Roll ; the 
offerings were $1568.93. 

In 1910 the report of J. W. Cline shows a total enrollment 
in all departments of 1910 pupils, offerings $1903.20; $694.98 
appropriated for missionary work. 

The meeting of 1911 was held in Covina, March 23rd, 
Harvey Snell being Chairman. Twenty-two schools were re- 
ported and enrollment of 1941 ; contributions $1990.59, $841.45 
of which was given to missions. From March 23, 1905, to 
March 23, 1911, J. W. Cline was the active Sunday School 
Secretary. The enrollment grew from 1176 to 1941, or about 
65 per cent; the contributions were from $919.00 to $1900.00, a 
gain of $981. 

The number of conversions reported since the formation 
of the District is large. Through Sunday School endeavor in 
1913 George H. liashor became District Secretary. Enroll- 
ment 21 schools reporting 2583 pupils, teachers 150 and con- 
tributions $2725.98. 

In 1914 nineteen schools represented total enrollment of 
2194, teachers 155, collections $2944.44. 

In 1915, nineteen schools, total enrollment 2357, teachers 
155, collections $2523.30. 

In 1916 twenty schools reported a total enrollment of 2357, 
teachers 155, collections $3331.93. 

Under brother Bashor's care the efficiency of the Sunday 
Schools have made progress in students. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 123 

The collections for 1916 over those of 1913 have increased 
over 21 per cent. 

CHRISTIANS WORKERS' MEETING 

The Christian Workers' Convention of Southern Califor- 
nia and Arizona convened at Long Beach, Cal., August 29, 
1916, with Elder G. H. Bashor as Moderator of the meeting. 

The meeting opened at 1 :45 p. m., with song service led 
by Prof. B. S. Haugh. Sister Martha Shick, out-going mis- 
sionary to South China, read I. Cor. 12 for devotional exercises. 

Twenty-four delegates were present. 

The Program Committee for 1917: Sister Edna Neher 
and Harvey Snell. 

The following program was rendered : 

1 :45 p. m. — Music and Devotion. 

2:00 p. m. — "How can our Christian Workers' Societies 
Become Active Forces in Christian Extension ?" Silas Lehmer. 

2 :40 p. m. — Reading, Bab S. Stoner. 

3 :00 p. m. — "The Christian Workers as a Mission Band :" 

(a) "The Home," Mrs. Rose Calvert. 

(b) "Abroad," Miss Edna Neher. 

At the close the audience sang "Faith's Prayer," in honor 
of Sister Shick, whose heartfelt desires are expressed in the 
song. 

Sister Shick gave us a few parting words, after which an 
offering of $65.00 was raised for her as a gift of encourage- 
ment. 



SISTERS AID SOCIETY 

Considerable local work was done in the various churches 
and no district organization was effected until August 24th 
and 25th, 1910, Sister W. H. Wertenbaker taking a prominent 
part in that year. Sister Wm. H. Keim of Los Angeles became 
President, Sister W. H. Near, Vice-President and Sister Flora 
E. Teague Secretary. The constitution of the Annual Con- 
ference Aid Society was adopted. 



124 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

On December 26, 1911, Sisters Aid Society was held at 
Covina. The officers of the previous year were re-elected. 
Sister J. Z. Gilbert delivered an address, which gave the work 
a strong impetus. At this meeting Sister Jennie Brubaker, 
Sister J. Z. Gilbert and Sister Mary Nill Whistler constituted 
a committee to investigate the opportunity to start a rescue 
mission in Los Angeles. Each local society was asked to con- 
tribute $5.00 for the widows home in India. 

At the convention in Pasadena August 23, 1912, Flora 
E. Teague was elected President, Sister J. D. Buckwalter Vice- 
President and Sister Alice Vaniman Secretary and Treasurer. 
Sister J. Z. Gilbert reported encouragingly as to the rescue 
mission in Los Angeles. 

One of the first meetings held in the local church was at 
the home of Sister Magdalena Myers in Los Angeles, March 
14, 1895, twelve members being present. The second meeting 
twenty-three were present. Lily Evans was elected President, 
Amanda Myer Secretary and Lydia Lehmer Treasurer. 

During the year 1895 seventeen meetings were held, $5.75 
donated to the Children's Home Society, $13.34 given to the 
poor. A great many garments were made and given away. 

The first meeting of the year 1896 was held January 2nd. 
Services were opened by prayer and reading of Scripture. 
Addresses were delivered by P. S. Meyers and J. S. Flory, and 
short talks by Ella Buckwalter and M. M. Eshelman. A great 
many garments were made for the poor. Six children were 
secured for the Sunday School. Clothing, Bibles, shoes and 
other goods were contributed. A great deal of interesting 
matter has to be left out here for the lack of space. However, 
some of the most active members were Elizabeth Gnagey of 
Pasadena, Salome A. Watkins Eshelman, Delia Lehmer, Mag- 
delena Myers and Sister J. S. Kuns. 

This society was organized May 24, 1906, at the 
Pasadena. home of Sister Ivy Smith. The character of the 

work was helping the poor both at home and 
abroad. The members purchased good material and worked 
them into good wearing apparel and bed clothing. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 125 

This society was organized April 8, 1896, at the 
Lordsburg. home of Sister Jane C. Williams. Officers: 

Sister George McDonough, President; Sister 
Jane C. Williams, Vice-President; Sister Jennie Stoner, Sec- 
retary, and Sister Margaret Horning, Treasurer. A buying 
committee and cutting committing were appointed. Twenty- 
four members were enrolled. Members of the society went 
into homes and sewed for the families. Both money and 
clothing were given to the poor. 

The average attendance the first year was about twelve. 
The second year the attendance was greatly increased. On 
September 14, 1897, a constitution was adopted and a store 
room for the meeting was secured. 

On February 29, 1900 the Sisters were given a com- 
fortable room in the College building. 

On October 30, 1907, a new constitution and by-laws were 
adopted. All day weekly meetings were held. During the 
spring of 1912 the members pledged $100.00 for five years 
toward the support of the Lordsburg College. On October 1st 
of that year $100.00 was turned over to missions and to the 
poor. 

In 1912 the enrollment was thirty-seven. At this time 
Sister Minnie G. Eby was President, Sister Ida Fesler Vice- 
President, Sister Jennie Kinsey Secretary and Treasurer, and 
Lizzie Martin General Superintendent. The various depart- 
ments were presided over by the following: 

Cutting quilt blocks, Lizzie Forney; piecing and tieing 
comforts, Susan Collins and Sister Wyatt ; small white aprons, 
Ida Fesler; prayer coverings, Annie Hesp; wall pockets, 
Sister Daily ; kitchen aprons, Sister Lichtenwalter ; bonnets, 
Sister Barnhizer; clothespin aprons, Lydia Minnich; scissors 
chains, Sister Harshberger ; quilting, Francis Miller, and stock- 
ing bags, Jennie Kinsey. 



126 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Biographical Sketches 

He was born in Blair County, Pa., December 
Elder John 27, 1807. His father was Jacob Metzger. His 
Metzger. grandfather was a native of Holland. From 

Blair county his parents moved to Montgom- 
ery County, Ohio. July 31st, 1828, he married Hannah Ulery. 
Soon after this union they joined the church of the Brethren. 
In 1838 they settled in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. In 1835 
he was chosen to the ministry and soon became a leading min- 
ister. His life was filled with love and devotion for the cause. 
He became a pioneer minister in Illinois, and settled in Cerro 
Gordo. His ministry extended over Indiana, Illinois and Cal- 
ifornia. He was first a member of the Standing Committee 
of Annual Conference in 1855 and served in that capacity 
sixteen times. He had the oversight of many churches and 
was noted for his love and peace in his rulings. He constructed 
in his ways. He built a church house in Cerro Gordo, Ills., 
and made a gift of it to the church. One provision was that 
a Sunday School must be held therein to teach the Word of 
God. His last service on the Standing Committee was in 1894 
from Southern California at Myersdale, Pa. It rounded out 
a service of forty years, which iridicates grace with revival or 
completed orderly creations. Blessings were his ! 

Son of Samuel and Cynthia Hutchinson. Was 
Andrew born in Monroe County, West Virginia, Jan- 

Hutchinson. uary 18, 1836. He was called to the ministry 
October 20, 1860 and given additional work 
April, 1865. He was ordained to the Bishopric, September, 
1870. 

During the war of 1860 to '65 he had some sad experiences 
in his birth place. Once he was ordered to be shot down 
within five minutes because he refused to go into the military 
service on the Confederate side. He was arrested a number 
of times for refusing to enlist in the military service, but out 
of all the Lord delivered him. 

Early in his eighteenth year he fell from a horse and was 
injured. He is still suffering from it. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 127 

During his ministry over five hundred people were brought 
into Christ. Owing to his affliction he baptized but few and 
preached but few times at funerals. At one time eleven couples 




Andrew Hutchinson. 

called on him to perform marriage ceremonies inside of eight 
days. This was in Virginia and the state law required a resi- 
dent minister to perform the ceremony, hence he refused. At 
one time in a period of a little over eight months he attended 
thirty funerals. The youngest person interred was a babe and 
the oldest one was one hundred and nine years of age. It is 
said that he attended three funerals in one day. The most 
sermons that he preached in any one year was four hundred 
and forty. There are very few churches from New Jersey to 
California, Oregon and Washington that he has not held ser- 



128 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

vices in. He has traveled over almost all of the United States 
and attended nearly all of the conferences since in the ministry. 
Perhaps no other minister of his age has done as much work 
in the brotherhood. He is called the walking Bible because he 
rarely ever reads a passage of scripture in the pulpit, but quotes 
directly and clearly and perfectly. 

Bro. Hutchinson admires a trained mind especially made 
new and strong from Biblical facts. He has a burning thirst 
for truth at first hand. He has learned the power and useful- 
ness of mind concentration. He is affectionate in Christ ; 
stands firm for principles of high spiritualities; kind, noble, 
generous, capable of doing big things for the Lord. 

At this writing (April, 1917), he is living in Lords- 
burg, Cal. He is past eighty years of age, yet quite vigorous. 
His wife departed this life December 19, 1916. 

He was born May 16, 1839, near Gettysburg, 
Elder J. W. Pa., and, like many others who carried God 
Trostle. into the soul, was raised a farmer. Gettys- 

burg became famous in 1864 as the turning 
point in the Confederate rebellion. Bro. Trostle settled in 
Franklin Grove, Ills., in 1861. His oldest sister, wife of Elder 
Daniel Deardorf , was living at that place at that time. 

Bro. Trostle was united in marriage to Sarah Van Orsdal, 
Nov. 17, 1864, and to this union were born Viola, Harvey L., 
Norman E. and Isaac Clayton, now all deceased ; Ira D., W. E., 
Asa J., and Edith E. Trostle, the latter the wife of 
W. H. Keim. 

Elder Trostle was elected to the ministry in 1869 at State 
Center, Iowa, (then Iowa River Church was presided over by 
Bishop John Murray), and was ordained to the Bishopric in 
1873, serving forty-two years in that capacity. He was a mag- 
nificent type of kindness, firmness and love as a presiding 
officer, having held offices of trust several times during his 
work on earth. Hospitable, kind, graceful and pious that won 
souls, he spoke his messages well. At one time he had the 
oversight of six congregations. He was among the first to 
make practical the missionary faith in the Church of the 
Brethren. He was a pioneer in the faith in Western Iowa, 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



129 



visiting and encouraging the scattered churches in Iowa. He 
lived to see his efforts blessed in large and prosperous 
churches. His home church grew from a few members to a 
body of 200 — the State Center Church, Iowa. 




J. W. Trostle. 



In February, 1884, he became a citizen of Woodberry 
County, Iowa, becoming again a pioneer in the mission work. 
With his co-workers, two, known as the East Kingsley and 
West Kingsley, churches were built up, he presiding over 
them faithfully. 

In 1896 he moved into Los Angeles County, Cal., and 
became very useful in moulding the membership into Spiritual 
Unity. He was for a short time a resident of Compton, then 
located at Glendora. He was Elder in charge at Covina for a 
while and did his work well. 

January 30, 1906, he became a citizen of Pasadena, spend- 



130 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

ing his closing days amidst a growing membership and the 
beauties of nature. Up to the close of his life he was deeply 
interested in the Master's Cause. His body gave up the spirit 
the evening of Jan. 24, 1911, going home in ripeness as full 
grown sheaf. He was loved unto the end. 

He was born in White County, Illinois, Dec. 
David A. 9, 1842. His parents settled at Mount Pleas- 

Norcross. ant, Indiana and later near Shoals. He was 

brought up on a farm, so he hails from where 
good things to eat come. In 1861 he found himself in the 
18th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers for three years service. 
Once typhoid fever came near claiming him. Severely wounded 
in the right hip at Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, he was disabled 
for more than eight months. When well he returned to his 
regiment at Indianola, Texas, and was discharged December 
31, 1863. He re-enlisted January 1, 1864, for three years, or 
during the war. Was wounded and captured October 19, 1864, 
at Cedar Creek, Va., and was a prisoner of war over four 
months. While in captivity a hospital steward at New Market, 
Va., amputated his left arm and it was so bunglingly done 
that after being exchanged and taken to Annapolis, Md., the 
arm had to be re-amputated. Starvation and strong medicine 
came near ending his career. He was wrapped in oiled silk, 
which went a ways toward restoration. He was discharged 
from service August 1, 1865, and granted only $8.00 per month 
pension. With poor health and no home, he had to meet the 
trials of a cold world. 

His education had been neglected. The loss of his left 
arm made him feel more and more the need of a workable edu- 
cation. At twenty-three he started to school with small boys 
and took pleasure in reciting the multiplication tables with 
them. He came out a victor in his studies. Through the wise 
counsel of his uncle, Geo. W. Norcross of Burlington, New 
Jersey, Brother Norcross proceeded to Bryant and Strattons 
Commercial College in Louisville, Ky., and came out with high 
honors. He was offered a position at $1,000.00 a year, but 
poor health prevented him accepting. He taught in the com- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 131 

mon schools, teaching ten public and five select schools in 
Martin County, Indiana. 

October 10, 1867, he was married to Isabel Wicthcer, by 




D. A. Norcross. 

whom he had five sons and three daughters. In 1869 he was 
appointed Post Master at Shoals, Indiana, and served four 
years. Long confinement ate into his good health and he 
sought outdoor work. He resigned -from his governmental 
position and ran for County Recorder. Democrats and Re- 
publicans alike gave him their support and he was the first 
Republican Recorder in that county. They gave him a ma- 
jority of eight hundred and eleven. He served the people four 



132 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

years and at the expiration of his time was asked to stand for 
the place again, but having become a member of the Church 
of the Brethren he could not see civil office blending in the 
Light of Spiritual consistency. The Book did not point that 
way for a Brother who believed "the whole Gospel." His 
Master's teaching and political life would not blend in his 
being to produce true happiness. 

In 1888 he gave up teaching and came to Covina, arriving 
April 2nd. In September of that year his wife was taken by 
the Lord, leaving a saddened home. He purchased a home in 
Glendora in 1889. In October of that year he was united in 
marriage to Melissa C. Keim. To this union came Homer K. 
Norcross. 

He was given additional responsibilities in the ministry 
at Covina April 2, 1895, and ordained to the Bishopric April 
23, 1899, at Glendora. He labored awhile at Newberg, Ore- 
gon, in the Master's Cause. He now resides in Lordsburg. 
He presided over the Glendale, Arizona, Church for awhile. 
He has been a frequent representative at District Meeting and 
once represented the District on the Standing Committee at 
Annual Conference. He served as District Meeting Secretary 
at Covina in 1889. 

"Davy is a good spiritual archer" and has lots of enthus- 
iastic fire. Generally he hits the mark. He does far better 
when he follows his own deductions than when he pursues 
that of another. He is honest to a nicety, both in business af- 
fairs and in spirit. Study that honest face which grew over 
an honest heart within. He continues at seventy-four to be a 
diligent Bible student. In song and sermon, Davy is lovable 
and charming. Coldness to him is cruelty. Love is a con- 
tinuous torch light from Heaven. 

This faithful soldier of the cross was born in 
Edmond Somerset County, Pennsylvania, April 5, 1838, 
Forney. and was reared on a farm. At nineteen years 

of age he taught his first school. In 1857 he 
came with his parents to Richland County, Illinois, and 
remained there for several years. In 1862 he became a resident 
of Ogle County, Illinois, and engaged in farming. He married 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 133 

Elizabeth Hershey. He became a member of the church in 
1860 and was chosen to the deaconship in Pine Creek Church, 
Illinois in 1863, and in 1865 entered the ministry. On Sep- 
tember, 1873, he became a Bishop by ordination. He served 
many years in charge of the Pine Creek Church. He came 
to California in 1900 and had charge of the Lordsburg Church 
from 1907 to 1912. 

Elder Forney has push, ability and strong endeavor. He 
swings through life overcoming all obstacles for he fully under- 
stands that man is the highest type of life on earth. He recog- 
nizes the Holy Spirit in mart as the most potent factor in life. 
He is kind, polite, generous, patient and pleasing, yet firm for 
right as he sees the right. It cannot be said that Elder Forney 
scatters his native ability. He is inclined to conserve his spirit- 
ual forces. He has served repeatedly on the Standing Com- 
mittee of Annual Conference and moderator of District Con- 
ferences. He still resides in Lordsburg and gives due atten- 
tion to the ministry. 

This "godly man" first was numbered among 
William J. mankind in Franklin Grove, Illinois, where he 
Thomas. joined the church. Chosen deacon in 1861. Mar- 
ried Rebecca Kelly February 2, 1865 ; 1868 called 
to the ministry. In 1869 moved to Ames, Iowa, ordained to 
the Bishopric in 1889. Moved to Inglewood in 1896 and be- 
came a charter member and was given charge of that congre- 
gation which he held for fifteen years. He had charge of the 
Lordsburg Church four years, and the oversight of the Santa 
Ana Church two years. His christian virtues were esteemed 
by his fellow-helpers. In August 1913, he lost his eyesight 
which was a great misfortune, yet he bore it cheerfully. He 
still can "make things" out of wood and iron which yields him 
some comfort. He yet takes part in the ministry occasionally. 
In Iowa he was among the first to agitate reformation in 
the ordinance of feet washing and lived to see a gracious 
change. The Ames, Iowa congregation was a leader in the 
reformation. He persisted, studied the Book, and by the time 
A. M. endorsed the change his congregation was busy in the 
new practice. It was his searching of the Scriptures that uni- 



134 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

fied his people and gave them the practice as now used. In 
fact, Brother Thomas perhaps was God's greatest instrument 
to bring about the better way in the Iowa churches. In a 
righteous cause he does not falter. He realizes his loneliness 
and says, "Where am I now ?" "I am as a lone tree in a for- 
saken field." John the Baptist was beheaded, Stephen stoned, 
Peter crucified head downward and the Son of God nailed to 
the Cross crying, "My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken 
me?" Yes, yes, in these latter days, at the sunset of my life, 
why, why am I forsaken ? Is it God's way ? I trust it is." 

There is much to comfort Brother Thomas. He still 
has the esteem of all Godly people. 

Brother Thomas was Moderator of the 1896 District Meet- 
ing in Glendora and served admirably. He has always es- 
teemed one true friend of greater value than a legion of flat- 
terers. He has originality, and speaks to the heart of man. 

He was born in Dauphin County, Pa., Nov. 20, 
George H. 1871, and converted by Christ in the Chap- 

Bashor. man Creek Church, Kansas and set apart as 

Deacon within one month after admission into 
the Church of the Brethren. He was installed into the Minis- 
try in the Panhandle Country, Texas in 1897; advanced to 
the second degree in 1900 and ordained to the Bishopric in 
July, 1911, in the East Los Angeles Church. He was given 
charge of Channing Street Mission in Los Angeles and served 
several years very acceptably. George has large social quali- 
ties naturally, and these being widened and strengthened by 
the Holy Spirit give him great power in convincing unbe- 
lievers and holding believers to duties toward God. In 1900 
he took charge of Santa Fe Mission, also then under the fos- 
tering care of the East Los Angeles Church. 

The Missions were built up strong in Gospel force and 
the numbers were satisfactory. He more than filled the Santa 
Fe Mission with people; for one Sunday School class was 
taught for awhile outside the main building. So full in his 
heart for the poor and unfortunate that he was known to go 
into saloons and lead out parties who were going astray. He 
faced crowds of unruly men to "rescue the perishing." This 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



135 



was Christ's way and George loves Christ's methods. Unruly 
boys easily come under his benignancies. 

Brother Bashor has served the District twice on the Con- 
ference Standing Committee and presided over the District 
Conference with becoming dignity and fairness two times. He 
was Reading Clerk of the District Meeting in 1911 and 1912. 
He served with grace several years on the District Mission 
Board and with care looked after the District's interests. He 




George H. Bashor. 



is a Trustee of the Southern California District and Vice Pres- 
ident of the National District Mission Board. He is now Pas- 
tor and Elder in charge of the Glendora church. His faith in 
the Divine Higher forces is a strong element in healing the 
sick ; hence he is sought by those who are "ill at ease" to secure 
the blessings of James 5:14-17. Calm, careful, fair, delibera- 
tive he makes a good presiding officer over a deliberative body. 
He is serving the third year as District Sunday School Secre- 
tary. 



136 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Born March 10, 1854 in Preble County, Ohio. 
John S. His parents were Israel and Sophia (Shock) 

Brubaker. Brubaker, both natives of Ohio. Brother Bru- 

baker and parents were farmers and had sterling 
qualities as men. 




J. S. Brubaker. 

He gained his early education in the common or public 
schools. At twenty-four years of age he united with the Church 
of the Brethren and four years later was chosen to the min- 
istry. In 1874 he became a resident of California, residing 
eight years near Merced. His next move was near Glendora. 
He gave the orange culture the best that was in him horticul- 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 137 

turally and made it a success. Here surrounded by his family 
consisting of wife, three boys and several daughters, he enjoyed 
the graces of social life in its purities. 

Later in life he built an enjoyable house in Glendora, 
where he passed to his better home in the Heavens, February 
5, 1912. 

It is as a Christian that Brother Brubaker witnessed best 
for God. 

His lips were quite free from guile, like Nathaniel's. He 
loved God and Christ and the Holy Spirit because he was born 
of them. His acquaintanceship grew into men's souls as thev 
associated more and more with him. He made no claim to loud 
pretentions. He was unassuming, meek, gentle. This is much. 
He had charge of the Glendora congregation during his resi- 
dence at that place. He presided with honor and becoming 
dignity to the glory of God. His voice was the voice of a 
peacemaker, yet the needful firmness was happily joined to 
true kindness. He had the right counsel at the right time. 

Near the close of his life he was called to preside over 
the city council of Glendora and led in the direction of justice 
and justice toward men. As business man, he assisted in the 
affairs of Glendora Light and Fuel Company and was a direc- 
tor of the First Savings Bank of Glendora. As a token of 
respect upon the day of his funeral, most all places of business 
were closed and the city council attended the service in the 
Church in a body. 

As a helper in the affairs of the District he was useful 
and gave evidence of loyalty to Christ and his Church prin- 
ciples. A week before his leaving, he was heard to say, "I 
am a young man yet, and would like to have been spared to 
my family and to continue on in the great work of Jesus." 
"But he was submissive and went out in hope and joy — hope- 
fully waiting the Father's explanation." It is for us to say 
"even so Father, it sceemed good in thy sight," and to wait 
for the reason of the stroke, the time when from the mouth 
of every sepulchre the great stone shall be rolled away." Yet 
nature will have its way, and all the human within us groans 
in spirit, as beside the cave in Bethany the Divine human 
groaned before us — 



138 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

"So good, so kind, and he is gone ; 

Vale, vale in aeternum vale." Yes, thanks to God. 
the aeternum is erased from our farewells by the glad hope 
of the gospel. We shall meet him and see him as Jesus is. 

Born near Lewistown, Pa., Sept. 1st, 1844. At 

Matthew five years of age parents, Andrew and Leah 

Mays Eshelman, moved to Clarion County Pa., where 

Eshelman. M. M. was schooled in part and completed in 

Ills, after the Civil War. 

Taught school from 1865 to 1876. Served twice in war 
of 1861-65. Married Lizzie A. Best Oct. 25, 1865. She died 
in California Nov. 26, 1911. 

United with Church of the Brethern June 4, 1874. Bap- 
tized by Elder David Kimmel in Christian County, Ills. 

Elected to office of Deacon, June 4, 1875 at Cherry Grove, 
Ills. 

Associated with J. H. Moore and J. T. Myers in Brethren 
at Work Sept. 1st, 1876. In publishing business six years. 

Chosen to Ministry in Lanark Ills. Sept. 1878. 

Ordained in White Rock Church, Kansas, inl884. 

1885 to 1887 in charge of Belleville and two other churches 
in Kansas. 

Served as Member of Standing Committee from N. W. 
Kansas and Colorado District at Annual Meeting of 1885 and 
1887. 

Secretary of Committee of Arrangements of Annual Meet- 
ing of 1884 at Bismark Grove, Kansas. 

Member of Locating Committee of Mc Pherson college 
in 1887, and Trustee for three years. 

From Feb. 1890 to June of 1895, Immigration Agent of 
the Santa Fe Railway and crossed the Continent 115 times, 
traveling about 150,000 miles. One of three persons secured 
option on Lordsburg, Cal., hotel and aided in organizing Lords- 
burg College in 1891. 

Assisted in colonizing Inglewood and Laton, Cal. with 
members of the church and others. 

Filled unexpired term of eight months in Colton Cal. 
Mission in 1898. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



139 



Prepared for Geo. Rice & Son, publishers in Los Angeles, 
the auto-biography of 100 leading citizens of Los Angeles 
County. 

Began teaching in 1880 and taught local Bible Schools 
in Illinois, Indiana, Oregon, Kansas, Nebraska, Washington 
and California. 

Held Children's Meetings and gave chalk talks as early 
as 1883. 



■wk ■ Mf^n 




*l 


| ^ ^ 


^_?~^^H^ 






j|^P 







M. M. Eshelman, Making a Book. 

Revival work in many churches from Indiana to Pacific 
Coast. 

Secretary of twenty-three District Meetings in Ills., Kan- 
sas, Oregon, Washington and California. 

Foreman of Berean Bible School, Los Angeles, from 1907 
to 1912. 

Author of the following works : Sabbathism, One Faith 
Vindicated, True Vital Piety, Two Sticks or the Ten Tribes 
of Israel Discovered, History of the Danish Mission, A Model 



140 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Life, or, Uncle John Metzger, Operations of the Holy Spirit, 
Los Angeles Now and Then (illustrated), Open Way Into the 
Book of Revelation, Prepared this History, Writer for local 
newspapers and magazines. Author of Truth Triumphant. 

Married Salome A. Watkins, Dec. 31st, 1912. 

1915, 1916 united with S. S. Garst in charge of Tropico 
Church. 

Always "least of all saints." 

The subject of this sketch was born June 

W. E. Trostle. 7, 1868, on the farm near State Center, 

Iowa. In 1890 his parents took residence 

in Woodberry County, Iowa, and the son was schooled in the 

public schools and High School of Kingsley, Iowa. 

During the years 1891 to 1893 he took education in Mt. 
Morris College, Illinois. He was baptized in 1889, and chosen 
to the ministry in 1892 in Iowa. Ordained to the Bishopric in 
Pine Creek Church, Illinois, in 1898 by Bishop J. G. Royer. 
Before chosen to the ministry he served several years as Sun- 
day School Superintendent. For seven years he was assistant 
Pastor of the Pine Creek Church, Ogle County, Ills. 

In 1886 he loved and married Katie R. Rowland of Polo, 
Ills. In 1904 located near Pasadena. Assisted in organizing 
the Pasadena church April 14, 1905. Served as her Pastor for 
thirteen years and as Elder in charge eleven years. Served as 
Bishop of Long Beach church about two years and South Los 
Angeles church about five years. 

For five years he was a member of the District Mission 
Board in Northern Illinois, and during the past thirteen years 
he has been a member of the Southern California and Arizona 
Mission Board. He has been a member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Lordsburg College for eight years and is yet a member. 
Also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Golden State 
Home and Orphanage of this District. In his ministrations he 
has baptized about 100 converts. He is author of a number 
of prophetic charts. He has given much time to Bible and 
Prophetic study and believes in a whole Bible "rightly divided." 
In short, he takes very little interest in so-called modern re- 
forms. A strong temperance advocate, a firm conviction in 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 141 

right as he sees the right, and an admirer of true reverence. 
Shams make no impress upon him and he loves to defend an 
open Bible. He despises heresies and hypocrisies, and takes 




W. E. Trostle 

a conservative course. He has been greatly used by the Dis- 
trict and does much evangelistic work. 

Was born in St. Louis, Mo., in 1866. Before 
Geo. F. he was twenty years of age he accepted Christ, 

Chemberlen. and was baptised June 13, 1886. He came to 

California the following year. A review of 
this book shows a little of his church activities, and reveals the 



142 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 




George F. Chemberlen 
"I know Him in whom I have believed." 

fact that he is regarded as an efficient fellow-helper in Christ. 

In 1890 he was married to Miss Cora E., daughter of 
Bro. T. E. and Sister Melissa Byrd Finch. 

"I know Him in whom I have believed." 

This "man of God" was born in Pennsylvania 
Elder Peter and at an early age united with the Church of 
Forney. the Brethren. Even in youth he took readily 

and very earnestly to the study of the Holy 
Scriptures. He read, meditated and filled his mind with Divine 
Truth, and his after years showed the fruits of this early desire 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 143 

to know God's will. When called to the ministry he was quite 
ready for edifying messages and gave them out freely and 
clearly. He knew the Bible so well that when any question was 
raised that required the book, chapter and verse he was ready 
to furnish it. His entertaining qualities were his ability to 
join truth to truth as the Spirit gave power. He traveled a 
great deal in his latter days and enjoyed the association and 
fellowship of his Brethren and Sisters in Christ. Like his 
Brother John Forney, few men were more able to weave 
Scripture subjects together. He died in his home in Glendale, 
Arizona, at the ripe age of eighty-five years. He was a char- 
ter member of the Glendale church and did a great deal to 
bring it up to an enjoyable standard in the truth of the Lord. 
He loved the Christ. 



Born May 31, 1876, in Keokuk County, Iowa. 
Christian He was converted at a mission in Graham 
S. Hoff. County, Kansas, in 1888 and was baptized by 

Brother Isaac Studebaker. Chosen to the min- 
istry in the Victor Church, Osborne County, Kansas, in Octo- 
ber, 1902. His ministerial lines are exhortatory and evange- 
listic. He admires a clean life and does not fail on insisting 
upon it in himself. He is doing good work for the Master 
at El Centra, Cal. Rather unselfish in his makeup, courteous 
and considerate, Brother Hoff reaches into betterments with 
some ease. He is inclined to be very tolerant toward others, 
yet firm in his convictions. 

was born in Caldwell County, Missouri, Octo- 
A. C. Root. ber 1, 1879, was the youngest son of Elder C. 

C. and Sarah Root. At the age of fourteen 
he was baptized in the Ozawkie church by Elder Piersoll. In 
the year 1901 he was united in marriage to Emma Cline at 
Gardner, Kansas. A month later they moved to Oklahoma 
and were called to the Ministry in the Hoyle Cong, in the 
spring of 1902. 

In the year of 1903 they took charge of their first Pastor- 
ate in the Mt. Hope Cong, and have served to the present time 



144 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



in that capacity, and the evangelistic field, in a number of con- 
gregations. 

Denver City, first church, Denver City colored church, 
Colorado City, Seattle, Washington, a Chinese School in Seat- 
tle, are some of the visible results of his labors. At present 
Pastor and Elder of the church at Long Beach, California. 




A. C. Root 



At the Annual Meeting in Bismark Grove, 
Kansas, in 1883, George L. McDonaugh first 
became acquainted with the Brethren. He 
took several car loads of members to Southern 
Kansas after the Conference and thus opened the way for 



George L. 
McDonaugh 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 145 

many congregations to spring up in that region. In 1890 he 
became Traveling Passenger Agent of the Santa Fe Railroad 
and from that time to within a year or two ago he was instruc- 
mental in settling members in California, Oregon, Washing- 
ton and Idaho, where now there are many churches of Breth- 
ren. He has been untiring in his efforts to place people in 
pleasant places where home-making could bring contentment. 

The subject of this writing was born June 26, 
W. F. England. 1856, in Medina County, Ohio. After attend- 
ing the common schools of his home, he enter- 
ed the Medina Normal School and set aside more ignorance by 
the sunshine of clear and useful truth. He began teaching 
school in his native county at the age of eighteen years. While 
teaching his third winter near the Black River Church, Ohio, 
he united with the Church of the Brethren, being immersed 
on Christmas Day, 1877. He was a student at the opening 
of Ashland College in 1879 and took special work for two 
years. He was united in marriage to Sister Ella Workman, 
December 22, 1880. He then located in the Ashland Ohio 
Church and was elected to the Diaconate August 1, 1885. On 
September 25, 1885, he was called to the ministry and given 
additional work September 8, 1894. He was ordained to the 
Bishopric in October 24, 1903. His associates in the ministry 
were Elders D. N. Workman, I. D. Parker, W. A. Murray, 
James Murray, T. S. Moherman. He lived in the Ashland 
Church twenty-seven years and moved with his family to 
Lordsburg, California October 31, 1907. Since that time he 
has taken an active part in the affairs of the church and Lords- 
burg College. He has attended every Annual Conference 
since in California and twice represented this district on the 
Standing Committee. He has been a Moderator of the Dis- 
trict Meeting and since 1908 has been a member of the Board 
of Trustees of Lordsburg College. For three years he was 
Acting President and Business Manager of that Institution. 
For quite a number of years he has had the oversight of Lords- 
burg Church. 

Elder England has a tone of sweet influences and in his 
ready remarks he bears away in his lines many hearts on any 



146 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 







W. F. England. 



given subject. He makes a good Presiding Officer, is careful 
of people's feelings and views; even when arrogance lifts its 
head, he will meet the combat of error ardently. His personal 
make up is that of winsomeness, aptness, power of perception, 
love of home. He loves associates who are calm, gentle, kind 
and intellectual. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 147 

Son of Robert and Mary Tavlor, was born in 
Hewitt R. Tuscarawa County, Ohio, May 27, 1842. In 
Taylor. 1848 his parents emigranted to Iowa and settled 

in Powesheik County near what became later the 
town of Deep River. On his farm Brother Taylor lived for 
fifty years. He was the first single person to unite with the 
Church of the Brethren in that vicinity. Here he was chosen 




Hewitt R. Taylor. 



to the Diaconate, and to the ministry. He was chosen first 
Superintendent of the first Sunday School in this church. Here 
he was advanced to the second degree of the ministry and 



148 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

later to the Bishopric. He was the first Elder ordained in this 
congregation. He labored one year under the District Board 
of Missions in Muscatine, Iowa. 

In 1881 Elder John Thomas of Washington County, Iowa, 
and Elder Taylor opened a preaching service at Elrick on the 
Mississippi River. These brethren were the first to preach in 
that section of the country. There were two members living 
at Kossuth at the time. Brothers Thomas and Taylor kept up 
that appointment until an elder was secured and a church or- 
ganized and one chosen to the ministry. 

He served the District of Middle Iowa as her first Sun- 
day School Secretary, and for three years was a member of 
the District Mission Board. Was chosen by the General Mis- 
sion Board as the first evangelist of his District for two years. 
He served the District Meetings as writing clerk for fifteen 
years and reading clerk two years. He held the oversight of 
the Deep River Church from his ordination to his resignation 
in 1898, and also the Oak Grove congregation, until he moved 
to Des Moines to take charge of the Mission by direction of 
the General Board. He entered the mission field at Channing 
Street, Los Angeles, and had for his helpers, Sister Kate New- 
some and Sister Nannie Murray. He resigned as the labors 
were too severe, and did some work by direction of California 
Mission Board in the Imperial Valley, and in Northern and 
Southern California. His home is at 720 E. Villa Street, 
Pasadena, California. 

This brother was born June 30, 1873, of godly 
Samuel S. parents in Tennessee. In Washington Creek 
Garst. Church he was reborn or regenerated and was 

* made able to "taste of the good word of God and 

powers of the world to come and became partaker of the Holy 
Ghost." At the opening of this century with his family he set- 
tled in Glendale and became a regular attendant at church 
services, early aiding in the work. On September 26, 1908, he 
was chosen to the ministry and has served faithfully ever since 
in the Divine Minstrations. A few years ago he was made 
Bishop of the General Church, and, with the writer, is in 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 149 

charge of the Tropico Church. He attended the Berean Bible 
School, Los Angeles, several years. 

Traits — Good memory, clearness of view, tact in applica- 
tion, deep seated courage for Truth. 

The kind of associates most valuable to Brother Garst 
are calm, kind, loving, reposeful, intellectual, judicial. He 
loves to revel in doctrinal, practical, pictorial, and prophetical 
subjects. His unfeigned faith and strict obedience to Jesus 
stands him well in conflicts. He is dependable. 

Was born March 22, 1857, in Carroll County, 
Andrew C. Indiana. His parents, John S. and Susan 
Snowberger Snowberger, later settled in White County, 
Indiana. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren October, 1876, at the age of nineteen years. In 1880 
his parents moved to York County, Nebraska. He was chosen 
to the ministry June 24, 1881, in the Beaver Creek Church, 
Nebraska. Was married to Mary Jane Zern May 31, 1883. 
She died May 21, 1884. On January 19, 1896, he was united 
in marriage to Rachel Fessler. 

He was ordained to the office of Bishop in 1900 in the 
Honey Creek Church, Indiana, by Elders L. W. Teeter and 
D. F. Hoover. 

He had charge of the Des Moines, Iowa, Missions for a 
while. 

He came to California March 17, 1911. At this time he 
has charge of the Santa Ana congregation. 

He has a very pleasant way of passing his sermon over 
to an assembly and always delivers his discourse in the power 
of faith. He is very tender hearted and feeds his flock with 
precious truth. 

Was born in Lancaster County, Pa., October 
Peter S. 1827, and was married to Sarah Graff by Elder 
Myers. John Umsted on February 12, 1851. In 1854 he 

was immersed in Germany Valley, Pa., and in 
1857 called to the deaconship. In 1860 he was set apart to 
the ministry in the Spring Run Church, Pennsylvania. His 



150 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

companion died in October 1884. He married Magdalena 
Frantz of Cerro Gordo, Illinois with whom he lived the rest 
of his life. 

He moved to California in an early day of the Brethren 
and was identified in the beginning of the colony in Covina. 
Later he settled in Los Angeles and participated in nearly all 
the first movements of the Church of the Brethren. His inter- 
ests in the East Los Angeles Church was paramount, how- 
ever, and while the city membership was held in the Tropico 
church, he was largely instrumental in securing the funds for 
erecting the first house of worship. After erecting it with 
his own hands, assisted by Andrew Emmert, he preached the 
dedicatory sermon to a large audience. 

For many years he had charge of the congregation and 
represented the District on the Standing Committee in 1896 
and several times served as Moderator of the District Confer- 
ence. 

He was a man of force and strong determination. Once 
he had fixed his mind on a question it was with difficulty that 
he yielded. His sermons were strong, clear as a rule and well 
delivered. A denominational chart created by him had some 
merit. 

He was the youngest son of loseph and Anna 
Elder B. F. Masterson, born February 20," 1848, at Master- 
Masterson. sonville, Lancastor County, Pa. Was married to 
Elizabeth Engle, September 30, 1867. They were 
baptized in the Chiques congregation in the spring of 1869. 
They moved to Sangamon County, Illinois, into the Sugar- 
creek congregation in the fall of 1876. 

They were installed into the Deacon's Office in 1880, and 
elected to the Ministry in 1884, and advanced to the second 
degree of the Ministry in 1886. Moved to Lordsburg, Cali- 
fornia, with their family of nine children in the fall of 1891, 
and were charter members of the Lordsburg church. 

In the year of 1898 they took a trip to Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania and were engaged in teaching the Bible and in Evange- 
listic work for about two years, after which he took charge of 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 151 




B. F. Masteraon. 

the Mission at Hanover, York County, Pa., under whose super- 
vision the church was organized. They returned to California 
in the year 1901 and located at Inglewood. 

In the year 1906 they moved to Long Beach, took up the 
work there and a church was organized, in the year 1907, of 
which he was pastor for several years. Was ordained to the 
Eldership May 20, 1911, and at this writing is permanently 
located at Long Beach, and is associate Elder with Elder 
A. C. Root, who has charge and is pastor of the church aJfc that 
place. '""th oil! 

Elder Masterson is kind, sympathetic and measurably 
magnetic giving charm especially to the lowly and confiding 



152 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

He inspires others to do good, for the Lord has done much 
for him. He has intuitive powers which are not always ex- 
plainable by him. As to learning he has ever loved mental at- 
tainments and has put forth efforts to know without much aid 
from others. God made Brother Masterson so he could get 
what he needed whether man aided him or not. He is quite 
methodical in his ways, prepares sermons as near divine order 
as his auditors need. He delivers the Messages in all confi- 
dence of their values to mankind, and is quite in sympathy with 
all who are in distress. He has a good degree of self-control, 
a good adviser, a pleasant element in associations. He is yet 
useful to the church and God has spiritual work for him. 

Born on March 30, 1844, in Lancaster County, 
Simon E. Pennsylvania. At the age of 12 years in the 

Yundt. spring of 1856 he moved with his parents to 

Naperville, Illinois. On Nov. 6, 1870, he was 
baptized, uniting with the Church of the Brethren. In the fall 
of 1873 he was elected by the Naperville congregation to the 
office of deacon. On the 12th of October, 1878, he was elected 
to the ministry. On Oct. 15, 1881, he was advanced to the sec- 
ond degree of the ministry. Oct. 20, 1890, he moved to Mt. 
Morris, 111., where he was ordained to the Eldership July 4, 
1896. On Oct. 3, 1896, the members'at Batavia, 111., were or- 
ganized into a separate congregation from the Naperville con- 
gregation and selected Bro. Yundt as their presiding elder. On 
Dec. 5, 1896, the Chicago congregation elected Bro. Yundt as 
their presiding elder. On Sept. 3, 1900, he tendered his resig- 
nation to the church in Chicago, 111., and it was accepted. On 
Sept. 8, 1900, he resigned his charge of the Batavia church. 
On Sept. 28, 1900, he started for California, arriving at Lords- 
burg Oct. 10th, and was at once informed that on Oct. 3, 1900, 
Bro. Wm. Thomas, the presiding elder of the Lordsburg cong- 
regation, tendered his resignation. Bro. Yundt was chosen as 
presiding elder, which position he filled until Oct. 7, 1907. In 
April, 1906, he moved to Pomona, Cal., and on March 17, 1907, 
the members of Pomona were organized into a separate congre- 
gation, and elected Bro. Yundt as their presiding elder, which 
position he filled until Dec. 13, 1915, with the exception of nine 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 153 

months in the year 1909, being in the east for that time. Elder 
J. A. Brubaker filled the place in his absence. Bro. Yundt 
served on standing committee at Carthage, Mo., in 1904, and 
at Seattle, Wash., 1914. Was foreman of committee of ar- 
rangements for annual meeting of 1907 at Los Angeles, Cal. 
Served as congregational delegate a number of times to annual 
and district meetings. Was moderator four times at district 
meetings. Baptized 205 persons. Solemnized 32 marriages. 
His has been an active life. 

He was a delegate at Winona Lake, Indiana, when A. M. 
first held there and delegate in 1916 to the Southern California 
District Meeting. 




C. H. Yoder. 



154 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Was born near Bellefontaine, Ohio, February 
C. H. Yoder 12, 1884. At the age of fourteen years he 
united with the Church of the Brethren. At 
the age of twenty-one he was chosen to the ministry in his 
native home church. The following year he was advanced 
to the second degree. At the age of twenty-six he was ordained 
to the Eldership at Lordsburg, California. He is giving his 
time largely to educational work. However, he has found 
time to do considerable preaching and some pastoral and 
evangelistic work. 

He served as pastor of the Bellefontaine Mission during 
the summer of 1907. 

For the past three years he has lived at Lordsburg and 
labored in the College as Professor of Biblical literature. 

As a student he attended the Ohio State University and 
Manchester College taking his A. B. and B. S. L. from the 
latter school. 

At this time he is pushing his graduate studies in the 
University of Southern California. 

Was born March 8, 1869, at Dayton, Ohio, and 
W. I. T. received into the Church November 4, 1890, at 
Hoover. Mt. Morris College. He was chosen to the min- 

istry March, 1892, in Dayton, Ohio. He has 
baptized quite a number of persons and assisted in anointing 
several dozen. He enjoys "religio-philosophical" lines of edu- 
cation and preaching, which to him determines the fundamental 
principles of religious thought and social problems wherein are 
applied the principles determined under the discussion of "re- 
ligio-philosophical" problems. 

He was born near Manchester, Indiana, January 
Harvey 7, 1881. Chosen to diaconate in South Los 

Snell. Angeles, April 15, 1906, and called to the min- 

istry at the same place April 5, 1907. He was 
put into the second degree May 22, 1908, and ordained at 
Covina, October 19, 1911. He held the oversight of the 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 155 

Covina Church from January 7, 1912, to August 9, 1912. He 
was chosen District Sunday School Secretary, and Secretary 
of the Christian Workers and also of the District Mission 
Board at Covina District Meeting, March 23, 1911. He is a 
very earnest worker for Christ and when his convictions are 
rooted, he is pulled away from them with great difficulty. 

Given to study and deep thinking, he enjoys cultivation 
and spiritual usefulness. He bubbles over with new truths 
and scatters dejection to the winds. Kind-hearted, noble, mag- 
netic, sympathetic, vigorous, Brother Snell leads his hearers 
into great betterments. 



This Brother came into this world August 25, 
Albert W. 1858, near Dayton, Ohio. His parents were 
Vaniman. Brother and Sister Daniel Vaniman, a distin- 
guished Elder of the Church. At five years of 
age Albert, with his father and mother moved to Macoupin 
County, Illinois. Having trained himself for school teaching, 
he followed that profession for awhile, then he became a stu- 
dent at Mount Morris College in 1879. In this institution he 
more and more realized the values of a well prepared mind 
for life-work. 

At Mount Morris he met Sister Alice Moore and the 
attachment resulted in marriage, on June 18, 1882, at Lanark, 
Illinois. Her abilities were so varied that she proved very 
helpful to his ministry. 

At fourteen, Brother Vaniman united with the Church of 
the Brethren, being baptized by that widely known veteran of 
the Cross, Elder John Metzger, at St. Louis, Mo. In 1884 
he was chosen to the ministry and in 1899 he was ordained 
to the Eldership. Later the General Mission Board sent him 
to Cooke County, Texas, as a missionary. During the first 
year he held over one hundred services, attended four love- 
feasts, received thirty-six into the church and traveled over 
two thousand miles. He was the first minister in that State, 
and was followed later by Henry Brubaker and J. P. Harsh- 
berger, and assisted in organizing the congregation in Clay and 



156 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

Montague Counties. Their traveling was by private con- 
veyance, camping and cooking by the wayside. 

For a few years he served as business manager of McPher- 
son College. One time his father preached a strong missionary 
sermon and this aroused Albert to the conclusion to become 
a life missionary. He and his wife volunteered to go to India. 
They entered medical college in Topeka, Kansas, and pre- 
pared for the work. At the conference of 1894, they, along 
with the names of Brother and Sister Stover and Sister Ryan, 
were endorsed for the India field, but the Vanimans were not 
ready to go with the other three. Had they gone they would 
have become, with the others, the pioneers in that far off land 
for the Brethren. While in Topeka, he served as Pastor for 
the Church. After completing his course in the medical college, 
he located at Saginaw, Texas, and built up a good practice. 
The General Mission Board asked him to go into Georgia, 
Florida and Alabama to study conditions among the colored 
people with the view of opening up missions among them. 

The great opening of Denmark as a mission territory by 
Brother and Sister C. Hope in 1876 needed a preacher, so 
the Mission Board sent the Vanimans to Malmo, Sweden, in 
July, 1900. They endeared themselves greatly to the people 
in Sweden and Denmark. Health failing him, he returned 
to America in the Autumn of 1905 and came to Inglewood 
where, in the house of Elder Philip Moore, they found a 
genial home. Later they located in Pasadena. For two years 
Albert was able to do quite effective work among the churches. 
He served as a member of the Committee of Arrangements 
for the Annual Conference in Los Angeles, in 1907. In Sep- 
tember of the same year, he moved to Raisin, Fresno County, 
California. There he labored until that dread disease, con- 
sumption, called him at the age of nearly forty-nine years. 

Brother Vaniman's field of labor had a wide range. He 
was a thorough reader of good books, a strong pleader for 
right, sometimes a little ahead of the main body in his thoughts, 
but yielding to the wishes of others. 

These facts were gleaned from "Soa*e Who Led." 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 157 

Born near Bristol, Tenn., September 25, 1874. He 
John M. has been in California about seventeen years. He 
Wine. was received into the church October 6, 1907, and 

baptized by Elder J. A. Miller. On April 5, 1908, 
he was called to the ministry and on June 17, 1911, was 
advanced to the second degree ministry. He is in his third 
year as Superintendent of the Sunday School in Santa Ana. 
He has been delegate to the District Meeting four times. 

This brother was born in North Manchester, 
James. Z. Indiana, January 1st, 1866. His parents were 
Gilbert. members of the Church of the Brethren, and 

threw around James excellent influences. And 
what flowed into his being remained in his welfare. He chose 
the Lord in December, 1878, and has abided in Him ever since. 
In the McPherson Church, Kansas, he was elected to the min- 
istry, and ordained in the East Los Angeles Church in 1914 
by the laying on of hands of Elder Geo. F. Chemberlen and 
S. E. Yundt. He was a pupil at Mount Morris College, Illinois 
and at McPherson, Kansas, and the University of Kansas at 
Lawrence. 

Brother Gilbert in the pulpit as in the class-room is both 
clear and forceful. In his themes he often is brilliant and 
bubbling over with spiritual entities. If in the "blues" he does 
not remain very long. There is always a lane out. When he 
takes a position on a good topic, it is difficult to pry him loose 
if he is assured of its values. He prefers leading to being 
led. At this writing he is teaching in the Los Angeles High 
School. He has been there for a number of years. 

Biblically, his strongest lines are doctrinal and evangel- 
istic. 

By birth he was a Pennsylvanian, the son of 
George Elder Joseph Hanawalt, and had as associates 

Hanawalt. Graybill Myers, John Umsted, James Quinter, 

John Kline, Henry Davy, B. F. Moomaw, Peter 
Nead, Wm. Howe, Joseph Rothrock, David Eshelman, D. P. 
Saylor, John Spanogle and John Fox, a grandson of Alexander 
Mack. 



158 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

George Hanawalt was born April 2, 1821. He was the 
oldest of sixteen children. He was principal in the High 
School and had as an associate S. Z. Sharp. He was of a lit- 
erary and scientific turn of mind. He admired the marvelous 
and had a longing for the unknowable. He was married Sep- 
tember, 1856, to Caroline McKee. She died in May. 1858. 
He was called to the ministry in the old Lewiston congrega- 
tion where his father had the oversight. In 1859 he married 
Barbara Replogle. When she died they had eight children 
ranging from infancy to twelve years. 

While in the Spring Run congregation, Pennsylvania, he 
filled sixteen appointments in as many places, each appoint- 
ment being three weeks apart. This was much better than to 
have sixteen preachers for one appointment. 

Brother Hanawalt moved to Johnstown, Pennsylvania, 
continuing his activities in the church. He was married to 
Lucinda Stutsman. He was ordained to the Elder Body while 
yet in Pennsylvania, then came to California several years 
before his death and lived to the ripe age of eighty-two years. 
He died in Lordsburg among the intellectuals. He is the 
father of W. A. Hanawalt, who was President of the Lords- 
burg College jseveral years. 

Born in Hardy County, West Virginia, Septem- 
P. B. ber 8, 1871. Educated in public schools of West 

Fitzwater. Virginia, Bridgewater College, Va., Moody 

Bible Institute of Chicago, Xenia Theological 
Seminary, Ohio, Princeton Theological Seminary. Elected to 
the ministry in 1896, at Sheldon, Iowa, ordained to Eldership 
at West Manchester, Indiana, in 1909. For a short time he 
was identified with Lordsburg College. 

Characteristics: takes on education readily, but it must 
come orderly, systematically, methodically. His studiousness 
and love of knowledge bring him great results and he cleverly 
gives out what he has somewhat improved. As a public 
speaker, Brother Fitzwater has risen to a commendable height. 
Hope, vital force, and enthusiasm help him to attain what he 
desires. He is an instructor in the Moody Bible Institute, 
Chicago. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 159 

Was born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, July 
Stephen 20, 1839, and brought up in the Methodist faith. 

Johnson. When in manhood he located in Ohio and there 
married Elizabeth Harding. In 1865, two years 
later, he moved to Benton County, Iowa, and in 1868 was 
elected to the ministry. In 1873 he was ordained to the Bish- 
opric and became assistant to Elder Peter Forney in church 
management. At one time he had charge of the Iowa River 
Church, State Center Church and with S. H. Miller of the 
Waterloo, Iowa, Church. In 1897, he located at Nez Perce, 
Idaho. He was then fifty miles from railroad facilities. In 
the autumn of 1897, Brother C. J. Fike and family arrived. 
In due time a church was organized and Brother Johnson was 
put in charge. He is a splendid parliamentarian. At the age 
of forty-five his eyesight failed and this put a deep missionary 
spirit into his soul. 

During the early settlement of Idaho, the Nez Perce 
Indians threatened the settlers and Elder Johnson became a 
very great help in calming them through his fearless demeanor. 
He resided several years in Lordsburg, California, and gave 
the church his services and helpful powers. 

He contributed ten thousand dollars toward the support 
of a mission worker in Jerusalem, but owing to the unsettled 
condition of that place the mission has not materialized. 

An excellent counselor and good thinker, with a judgment 
of clearness, Brother Johnson constructs with the will of the 
Lord in a faithful manner. 

A native of Pennsylvania, born in York 
S. G. Lehmer. County, December 25, 1857. Graduated at 

the Millerville State Normal School, and then 
took a special course in Civil Engineering at Ann Arbor, Mich., 
University. After this he took a Divinity Course at the 
Chicago University. He united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren at the age of twenty-five. Engaged in educational work 
in the states of Pennsylvania, Nebraska, Kansas and Califor- 
nia. He taught in the Primary Department of the Los Angeles 
High School for several years. Chosen to the Ministry at the 
age of twenty-seven and ordained to the Eldership in 1900 



160 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

in Los Angeles. At various times he served as overseer of the 
Bangor, Oak Grove, Tropico, Santa Ana and East Los Angeles 
Churches. He has been associated with the Tropico and later 
Los Angeles Churches for twenty-six years. In company with 
Elder P. S. Myers he toiled in halls and private houses for 




S. G. Lehmer. 

years to gather a flock for Christ. In the work of the District 
he has taken a very active part from its beginning which may 
be found elsewhere in this work. He has been a close student 
and admires mind culture. 

On a farm in the western part of La Grange 
Samuel J. County, Indiana, December 2, 1863, Samuel J. 
Miller. Miller began to be reckoned among people of 

this earth. Farm life was his, like many others. 
He attended the public schools of the times. Things came 
and staid in his. youthful mind. When the County Superin- 
tendent of Schools fired the youthful minds in his visits, Sam- 
uel J. received his share of the impress for onward gains in the 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 161 

knowledge that "puffeth not up." He resolved to be some 
day among the "Worth-whiles." His delights were in gram- 
mar, geography and history. He delved into them like a honey 
bee on finding an unusual cup of sweetness in some flower. 
With nearly all pupils in the '60s and '70s he shared the 
experiences of sitting on the flat side of a plank with peg legs, 
and a board resting on pins in the walls for support as a 
writing desk. I wonder he does not have sections of these 
in Lordsburg College as relics for display between the Now 
and the Then. 

As to course of study then, there was but one. It was 
linked together by such means as were at hand. There were 
instances where the teacher had more hickory withes in the 
loft as a reserve for discipline than he had knowledge to spell 
ordinary English words. 

A four or five months' term was often interrupted in 
attendance by husking corn, sawing logs, "doing chores" and 
running errands. Much of this was called "resting from school 
labors." 

About the time Samuel was ready to do some common 
teaching his parents moved to Kansas and the family began in 
a "dug out." It could be said this youth began in the "grass 
roots" in Kansas. Many others began likewise. Out west 
his duties consisted in "clerking," teaching and farming, and 
this continued until March, 1889, when he and Elder J. J. 
Yoder entered McPherson College for the spring term. His 
struggles from that time on were numerous, being enlivened 
by helping to thresh Kansas wheat; then tutoring to make 
others "ready to tutor; selling views to get cash for more 
studies. His experiences in college were some of the usual 
ones, using a wash bowl for a wash tub, and window panes for 
ironing boards. These gave valuable experiences which are 
real capital in life. 

Post graduate work was taken in the Kansas University 
in 1897, thus securing the Master's degree. His next move 
was toward Modena Hutchinson, daughter of Bishop Andrew 
Hutchinson, making her his wife. He served one year as 
instructor in Lordsburg College, and one year as superinten- 
dent of the Redlands Public Schools. In 1899 he did field 



162 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



work for McPherson, Kansas, College, after which he entered 
the faculty of that institution as instructor in English, after 
"brushing up" at the Kansas University. He remained in 
McPherson College the next seven years. 




S. J. Miller. 

His next move was to Lindsay, Cal., where he took les- 
sons in soil and crop business for health and living. On 
January, 1915, he delivered several lectures in the Bible Insti- 
tute, Lordsburg, after which he became President of that 
College. 

In addition to knowledge of the College kind he has given 
much aid to Sunday School efforts, and Church edification. He 
has come thus far with well rounded-out mentalities, and 
enjoys the spiritualities of the Word. 

Was born on a farm near Girard, Illinois, April 
Nicholas J. 23, 1868. He attended the neighborhood school 
Brubaker. from his sixth year to his nineteenth, but after 

old enough to work advantageously on the farm, 
his school year usually consisted of only three or four months. 

His father and mother were members and regular atten- 
dants, of the Pleasant Hill Church, to which he was admitted 
in 1880. Having been a regular attendant of the Sunday 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



163 



School from its organization, he was chosen teacher of a class 
and elected the following year as Superintendent. 

At Mount Morris College, he finished his Classical Aca- 
demic Course in 1893. In the winter of 1891-'92 he was in 
California at the Lordsburg College. In the year 1894-'95 he 




N. J. Brubaker. 



attended the DePauw University at Greencastle, Indiana. In 
1898 he returned to California as Instructor in Lordsburg Col- 
lege. 

In 1899 he was united in marriage with Martha Master- 
He taught school at Temecula, California. Though iso- 



son. 



lated from the Church of his choice, he continued actively 
engaged in Church work as opportunity offered. 

At different times he was chosen as "Acting Superinten- 



164 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

dent" of Schools under the auspices of the Methodist Church. 
At times, when no minister was available, he was called upon 
to officiate at burial occasions. 

In 1907 he entered the Los Angeles City School System, 
thus coming into the confines of the South Los Angeles 
Church, which called him to the Ministry in 1910. In connec- 
tion with his public teaching he has completed his university 
course at U. S. C, taking the degree of Bachelor of Arts and 
the High School Certificate. 

Was born in Allen County, Ohio, December 
B. S. Haugh. 9, 1873. His father was Jacob Haugh. At 
ten years of age his parents moved on a farm 
in Jackson County, Missouri, remaining there six years. He 
then took residence in Warrensburg, Missouri. Here B. S. 
Haugh joined the Church of the Brethren at sixteen years of 
age. He led in the song services of the church and took vocal 
music in different parts of the country. At twenty years of age 
he entered Mount Morris, Illinois, College. The second year 
during the summer he continued his studies in North Man- 
chester College, Indiana. Through the assistance of Elder S. 
Z. Sharp he became assistant instructor of vocal music in 
McPherson College, Kansas, remaining there ten years. 

He was married August 31, 1914, to Laura E. Harsh- 
barger, who also graduated from McPherson College. They 
have been identified with the Lordsburg College for the past 
three years. He led the singing service in the Los Angeles 
Annual Conference in 1907, and of this service the late Bobert 
Burdette, Pastor of the Temple Baptist Church said, he won- 
dered why the committee of arrangements had refused the use 
of the Twenty-five Thousand Dollar Organ, and when he came 
to hear the singing he said he understood when he heard the 
Fifty Thousand Dollar voices in song why the organ was 
refused. Those who attended the conference will remember 
how the great body of five thousand people was swayed by 
that beautiful hymn "In the Morning of Joy." 

He studied music in the Moody Bible School under 
Instructors Coffin, Sellers, Dehuarter and Towner. 

From Bethany Bible School they went to McPherson 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 165 

College, Kansas and remained there two years, giving instruc- 
tions in music. He is now teacher of music in Lordsburg 
College. 

Born in Adams County, Ohio, August 7, 1851 ; 
William Q. converted to God by His Truth and Spirit at the 
Calvert. age of thirteen, or in 1864. He taught eight 

terms of school, beginning at nineteen. Was 
married to Susan E. Couser at the age of twenty-one in Jan- 
uary 30, 1873. He located in Rice County, Kansas in 1875, 
and returned to Adams County, Ohio, in 1877, and on April 
7th of the same year was chosen to the ministry. Spent 
twenty-six years in the ministry where elected. To meet his 
wide circle of preaching appointments he had to travel about 
two thousand miles annually, mostly on horseback. He had 
the joy of seeing over two hundred and fifty persons come to 
the Church of the Brethren under his preaching. In his min- 
isterial labors, he gave comfort to the living at over one hun- 
dred funerals, and united in marriage nearly one hundred 
and fifty couples. He took residence in Covina, California, 
in October, 1902; went to Allison Prairie Church, Illinois, in 
October, 1903. In February, 1905, he located in the Panther 
Creek Church, Illinois. In November, 1906, he became a citi- 
zen of Inglewood, California. Served as a member of the 
Standing Committee from Southern California District in 
1911. Moved to the Imperial Valley, California, in 1911, 
where his beloved wife went home to Jesus, February 23, 1912. 
September 16, 1913, he moved to Lordsburg, California, where 
he still resides. He was married to Mary V. Ebersole, January 
30, 1916. 

Brother Calvert is a clear, forceful speaker, a close student 
of the Bible, a fairly good talker on his feet, and socially strong 
in helpful qualities. 

This young Brother in the ministry was 
Harry Brandt. born near Hartlan, Iowa, February 5, 1885, 

and with his parents took residence in Cal- 
ifornia in November, 1887. He was received by conversion 
into the Covina Church, December 4, 1904, and elected to the 
ministry, October 14, 1906 at Covina. On November 30, 1911 



166 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

he was given work in the second degree of the ministry. He 
attended Bethany Bible School at Chicago and is giving good 
promise of an efficient minister for Christ and the Church. 

Harry is a pursuer. He sought spiritual wisdom in Beth- 
any, Bible School, Scholarship in Pomona College, and in 
Lordsburg College, and is now hunting some scientific knowl- 
edge in Yale University. He is trying to achieve what a good 
achiever desires. While asking questions he does not forget 
the answers. If he has any misfortunes he does not sit down 
and deplore them, but flies to things that do not result in mis- 
fits. At present he is a special contributor to the Gospel 
Messenger, Elgin, Illinois, and does not hesitate to conduce 
his best to its readers. 



Was chosen to the ministry in the Tropico 
J. J. Church, December 21, 1913, and at this time, 

Reppert. January, 1917, is living on West Third Street, 

Glendale. He is studying to become an efficient 
worker in the Lord. 



Was elected to the ministry December 21, 
John H. Getz. 1913, in the Tropico Church. He is a close 

Bible student and a disciple of great promise, 
being enveloped in humility. His sermons are well prepared, 
delivered briefly in a conversational tone. 

Was born the 5th of October, 1856, at Bare- 
Elias B. ville, Lancaster County, Pa. He attended the 

Lefever. Primary and Graded Schools of his native place. 

He lived with his parents on his father's farm 
until the spring of 1880, when he started farming for himself. 
His parents were pious people and belonged to the Mennonite 
Church. 

In 1879, October 5th, he was united in marriage to Lydia 
Ann Martzall. To this union was born one son, who died in 
infancy. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 167 

On June 13, 1884, E. B. Lefever was baptized by triune 
immersian and united with the Church of the Brethren. In 
the spring of 1889 he moved to the historic village of 
Ephrata, Pa., and lived there for a number of years. 

While living in Ephrata he was elected to the Ministry, 
October 22, 1892. Was advanced to the second degree of the 
Ministry, April 9, 1898. 

On September 13, 1897, his wife, who was also a member 
of the Church of the Brethren, died. In the Spring of 1899, 
he was married to Sister Emma I. Welty and to this union was 
born a son. 

In April, 1913, we find him located on South Hancock 
Street, Los Angeles, California, living there for some time. 
He finally settled in Pasadena, California, where he helped to 
organize the Church of The Brethren in Pasadena, being one 
of its charter members. He was a studious student in Berean 
Bible School, Los Angeles one year, then moved to Idaho. Like 
many others, his lines led to Southern California again. . 

On April 21, 1907, Brother Lefever was ordained to the 
Eldership by Brother George Chamberlen and Brother J. S. 
Brubaker. 

Outside of the common school education, he attended a 
school at Brentsville, Va., under the tuition of Brother I. N. 
H. Beahm for nineteen weeks, also the Berean Bible School 
for some time, under the instruction of Brother M. M. Esh- 
elman. 

During his Church life he had the opportunity to attend a 
special Bible term at Juniata College, Huntington, Pa., as well 
as one at Elizabethtown, College, Pa. 

In the pulpit, Brother Lefever permits the Truth and 
Spirit to vitalize his sermons. 

Born November 13, 1844 on his Grandfather's 
John K. (John Kuns) farm, near Delphi, Indiana. He 
Shively. was baptized in 1861 by Elder John Metzger in 

the Middle Fork congregation, Indiana. Later 
he took residence in Cerro Gordo Church in 1868. Here he 



168 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

lived for twenty-two years. In 1890 he moved to Lincoln 
County, Nebraska. Here he was chosen to the ministry in 
Wallace Church in 1890. He was installed into his office by 
Geo. W. Stambaugh and David Bechtelheimer. In 1893 moved 
to Jasper County, Mo., March, 1900, settled in Cavalier 
County, North Dakota, and in 1905 emigrated to Glenn 
County, California, and ordained by C. E. Gillette and M. E. 
Andrews. April, 1905, became a citizen of Butte Valley 
Church. In 1910, he moved to Lordsburg Church. He is a 
strong advocate of missions and Sunday Schools. He tried to 
build up the Cause wherever he lived. 

He first came into a new world April 3, 1865, 
William near New Paris, Indiana. He was brought up 

Stutsman. a farmer and understands the meaning of hard 

labor and the value of real industry. He was 
converted in the Washington Creek Church, Douglas County, 
Kansas, in September, 1887, and chosen to the ministry at the 
same place in March, 1889, and put into further responsibilities 
May, 1906, and ordained September, 1909, at Tropico, Cali- 
fornia. He had charge of the above-named Church awhile 
and presided over it with Christian dignity and with a love 
of souls that meant carefulness and greatness of heart. In 
discipline he is firm, yet has a love that means high regard for 
divine principles. Once he understands His Master's truth he 
adheres to it with a fixed purpose. He was Reading Clerk of 
the District Meeting 1911, and he did his part quite well. His 
honesty never fails him as he rests all in his Master. 

He moved to Elgin, Arizona, several years ago, and at 
this writing has charge of the Church at Pierce. He has 
charge of the work at Pierce and Mountain View, Arizona. At 
this writing he has returned to Los Angeles County. 

Was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan, March 6, 
C. E. 1857, and joined the Church of the Brethren in 

Gillette. Greenwood, Missouri, in 1881, being baptized by 

Elder J. S. Mohler, a very devoted man in his 
day. Brother Gillette was chosen to serve as a deacon the 
day of his baptism and given the ministry in 1885. He settled 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 169 

in Arizona in 1892 and from thence to California in 1906, 
making his home at Bangor for three years. He became 
greatly affected by tuberculosis and then sought residence in 
the Imperial Valley, the climate of which was congenial to 
him so that he has about fully recovered and has done much 
for the Cause in his simple way. He preached the second 
sermon of our Brethren in Arizona, and baptized the first con- 
vert. During his stay in Arizona he baptized forty-one per- 
sons. He had the oversight of the Imperial Valley Church. 
He is direct in speaking, has some native abilities and is fear- 
less in expression. He now resides at St. David, Arizona. 

Son of Adam C. and Rebecca (Hotchkiss) Kief- 
G. W. faber. He was born March 26, 1877, near Cerro 

Kieffaber. Gordo, Illinois. When nine months of age his 
parents moved to the vicinity of Clay City, Ind., 
where they still reside. Elder G. W. Kieffaber was married 
to Eva Emmert, October 17, 1897, at Mount Morris, Illinois. 
He was immersed into Christ October 3, 1891, in the Lick 
Creek Church, Indiana, and chosen to the ministry at Mount 
Morris, Illinois, May 9, 1909, and given additional responsi- 
bilities at the same place April 15, 1911. He received the 
ordination to the Bishopric at Inglewood, October 1, 1916. 

During three years he took Bible work in Mount Morris 
College ; also completed a two-year Mission Course. In 
scholarship he holds an A. B. degree issued by Mount Morris 
College, and a Master's Degree issued by Stanford University. 
He taught in Canton College, Ohio, for three years; and in 
Lordsburg College, California, from March 1, 1912 to May 
26, 1916. His home is in Inglewood. Brother Kieffaber is 
a lucid speaker, strong in faith and courageous in gospel sim- 
plicity. Generous, with a deep spiritual nature, he preaches 
with a convincing clearness. He is very companionable. He 
can teach — is apt. 

Was born at Mount Jackson, Virginia, January 26, 
S. D. 1874. He was united in marriage to Jane C. Harri- 

Long. son of Washington, D. C, October 24, 1905. They 

have two children, Carson and Anna. Brother 
Long was called to the ministry in the Church of the Brethren, 



170 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

August 15, 1907, in the Pleasant View Church, Va., advanced 
to second degree two years later. Came to Glendora, Califor- 
nia, October 4, 1912, and to Hermosa Beach, April 1, 1914, 
and took charge of the missionary work under the care and 
direction of the District Mission Board ; services are held each 
Sunday and a good interest and attention in Sunday School. 
It is within the bounds of the Inglewood Church. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Ottumwa, 
William Iowa, April 18, 1875. When eleven years of age 

M. Piatt. his parents came to Covina, California. God 

converted him when he was fourteen years old, 
under the preaching of Elder Jacob Whitmore of Kansas. 




William M. Piatt 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 171 

January 1, 1898, he was chosen to the ministry and promoted 
to Godly efforts in the Glendora Church, April 22, 1899. Being 
faithful to the trust, he was ordained to the Bishopric at 
Princeton, California, November 9, 1907, by Elders C. E. Gil- 
lette and M. E. Andrews. He served as a missionary at Col- 
ton, California, in 1899 and 1900, then took charge of the 
work in the Imperial Valley in El Centro during 1908-09. 

As District Sunday School Secretary for three years he 
put force and spiritual vigor into the work, from March 17, 
1902. Under his efforts the District agreed to support Sister 
Jessie B. Emmert as missionary in India and this "good work" 
still continues. It was and is a very worthy missionary effort. 

At the organization of the Church in the Imperial Valley, 
Brother Piatt was honored as its first Elder. He is now an 
active workeT in the Santa Fe Mission on Santa Fe Street, 
Los Angeles. Unquestionably he has directive stabilities and 
the mission is a striking evidence of the right man in the right 
place. Brother Piatt has fairly good powers of mind concen- 
tration, is a fine mind-comforter, sympathetic, affectionate and 
true to his Christ. He served as Secretary of District Meeting 
in 1916 and as Assistant Secretary in 1901. He is now Sec- 
retary of the Elder Body. Moderator of Ministerial Meeting, 
1915, at Pasadena, and Secretary of S. S. Convention, 1915-16. 

Was born August 31, 1877, at Castine, Darke 
Elder Wm. H. County, Ohio. He spent his boyhood days 
Wertenbaker. on the farm, and attended the public schools 

of Ohio. 
He came to Covina, California, in January, 1899, and the fol- 
lowing July he united with the Church of the Brethren. In 
September, 1899, he entered Lordsburg College and spent two 
years in study. 

He was elected to the Deacon's Office in March, 1901, 
and in April, 1903, was chosen to the Ministry. He then 
spent one year in North Manchester College, completing the 
two-year Bible Course. 

He returned to California in June, 1904, and July 20, 
1904, was united in marriage to Sarah R. Horning of Lords- 
burg. In November of the same year they were employed 



172 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

by the District Mission Board to open up a Mission in the 
Southern part of Los Angeles. This work grew into what is 
now the South Los Angeles Church of the Brethren. Brother 
and Sister Wertenbaker had charge of the work for ten years. 




Wm. H. and Sarah Wertenbaker. 

He, with his wife, was advanced to the second degree of the 
Ministry in June, 1905, and ordained to the Eldership in 
May, 1908. 

He has served as Secretary of the District Mission Board 
since November, 1912. 

The son of Elder R. H. Miller, was born in 
Robert North Manchester, Ind., February 9, 1889. 

Henry Miller. He was the third in a family of four boys. 

When they were quite young the mother was 
left a widow. This misfortune brought the children at an 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 173 

early age face to face with the problem of finance in securing 
an education. Robert assumed 'this burden at the early age 
of fourteen. 

In the year 1898, the mother and family moved to Ladoga, 
Ind. During the summer the boys worked on the farm of 




Robert Henry Miller. 

their uncle, Elder S. D. Stoner, learning the lessons of industry 
that are most effectively taught in intimate touch with nature. 
In the winter they attended school. 

At the age of thirteen Robert united with the church. He 
was called to the ministry January 1, 1911. Amid the numerous 
pressing duties of a young man, pursuing an education, for 



174 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

which h€ must furnish the means, he responded to the call 
of the Ministry whenever it came. 

In the year 1910 he graduated from the Manchester 
Academy. He spent the following three years teaching in the 
schools of Indiana. In the year 1913 fie entered upon the 
Liberal Arts course at Manchester College. This he completed 
in the Spring of 1916, when he received the Bachelor of Arts 
degree. During the last two years of his stay at Manchester 
College, he was employed as instructor in history in the Aca- 
demic Department of the same school 

In the Spring of 1916 he was united in marriage to Maude 
E. Reiff, a niece of the late Elder J. G. Royer. They came 
at once to Raisin, Cal., where he held the Principalship of 
Schools for one year. During this time he performed his part 
of the ministerial work in addition to directing Bible classes 
in various books of the New Testament. 

Immediately following the close of school in June, 1917, 
he took charge of the pastoral work of the South Los Angeles 
Church, to which he had been called. 

Bom September, 1873. Parents L. H. and 
J. P. Dickey. Nancy Dickey; grandfather, Elias Dickey, 
and great grandson of George Hoke of Ohio. 
Raised on a farm, he received from four to five months' 
schooling each year from the age of seven to eighteen years, 
except one year. 1891-92 in Fostoria, Ohio, Academy; in 
1892-93 at Ada, Ohio. Taught public school two years, and 
1895-96 at University at Ada, Ohio. 1897 in North Dakota 
and entered a homestead. Again back in Ohio teaching, three 
winters. Taught school two summers in North Dakota. 

Converted and baptized on Christmas day in Ohio, in 
1899. On Christmas in 1901, married to Mertie B. New- 
comer. 1902 spent in North Dakota, until August then back 
to Ohio. Seven summers were spent working at the carpenter 
trade, and two years on an Ohio farm. 

Chosen to the ministry in June, 1903, and advanced to 
second degree in the winter of 1904. In 1904, he took resi- 
dence in North Manchester, Indiana. Began work in the 
College there in September, 1905. Was at work there more 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 175 

or less until 1910. Graduated in three year course in Bible work. 
Taught in Bible Department two years. In Autumn of 1910 
began work in the Bible Department of Lordsburg College, 
teaching two years ; also acting one year as business manager, 
up to the resignation of P. B. Fitzwater; then took up Bible 
work again. Spent two years on a ranch at Raisin, California, 
having charge of the congregation at that place. While in 
Northern California he spent some time in Bible Institute 
work and in evangelism. In the beginning of the school year, 
1916-17, he returned to Lordsburg College and took charge of 
the Bible Department. He was ordained to Eldership in 
Lordsburg in 1910 and served on the Standing Committee at 
the Annual Meeting in York, Pa. Served in Northern Cali- 
fornia as Reading Clerk at the 1914 District Meeting and as 
Moderator of the 1915 District Conference. He is a "busy 
man" about all the time. As a Bible Teacher he has few 
equals, making the Doctrine of Christ clear. 

Born in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1868, son 
Joseph W. of Elder John A. Cline and relative of that great, 
Cline. good man, John Cline, who lost his life during the 

war of 1861. Graduate of Bridgewavor College, 
Va. ; student of Temple University, Philadelphia. Traveled one 
year in Europe. Elected to the ministry in Philadelphia, Pa., 
and placed in the second degree at the same place. Organized 
the Sunday School now the Geiger Memorial Church in the 
same city, the building of which cost $50,000. Was Pastor 
there five years. Married Dora E. Kuns, daughter of Jno. S. 
and Sarah M. Kuns, in 1899 at Covina, Cal., remaining one 
year in Philadelphia after his marriage. 

Brother Cline came to California in 1900, and was pastor 
of the East Los Angeles Church for three years, also Superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School for the same period. Served as 
pastor of Pomona Church of the Brethren one year. He was 
ordained to the Eldership in 1909 at Pomona. 

For six years he was District Sunday School Secretary. 
He has completed his fourteenth year as local Sunday School 
Superintendent and enjoys that line of service. He was dele- 
gate to the world Sunday School convention at Washington, 



176 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 




J. W. Cline. 

D. C, and served three times at Annual Meeting on Program 
with addresses. At the present time he is assisting in the work 
of the Souht Los Angeles Church. 

Was born in Preston County, West Virginia, 
C. W. Guthrie. October 4, 1876, and converted by the Holy 

Spirit and the Holy Truth, March 4, 1891, in 
the Sandy Creek Congregation of the same County and State. 
He took residence near Selma, California, in December, 1893, 
and in 1896 became a citizen of Los Angeles, making himself 
useful in the company of the Brethren. Two years were 
given to the Church in Phoenix, Arizona, under the direction 
of the Southern California Mission Board. 

He was elected deacon in 1899 in the East Los Angeles 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 177 

congregation; chosen to the first degree ministry in 1908; 
given further authority in 1913, and made Bishop in South 
Los Angeles Church in 1915. In 1901 he was chosen a mem- 
ber of the Southern California and Arizona Mission Board, 
serving three terms or about ten years. He did not complete 
his service on the Board, it being impractical to serve there and 
be under the direction of the Board as its pastor. 

He started on a trip around the earth in 1906, and returned 
in 1907, being away about fourteen and one-half months and 
traveled over 42,000 miles. He visited about all the Bible 
Lands, including a trip up the Euphrates River. He visited 
the Brethren's Mission Stations in India and China, bringing 
home a set of stereopticon views taken and developed by him- 
self ; and by these he has given hundreds of lectures of his 
world journey. He has made nine trips across the American 
Continent, the last in 1916 in an automobile with his estimable 
wife, who was formerly Sister Lulu Trout. As we write, 
Brother Guthrie is at work lecturing and preaching in West 
Virginia. 

Strictly honest and truthful, Brother Guthrie, when spir- 
itualized by the Word and Spirit of God, became better equip- 
ped to delve into the deeps of Scripture and to reach the 
Divine qualities and powers of spiritual insight. Did splen- 
did missionary work in Lineville, West Virginia, in autumn of 
1916. 

This brother was born in Masontown, Pa., August 
Francis 13, 1866, and gave his life to Jesus in 1896. He 
F. Dun", was chosen to the ministry in the Geroge's Creek 

Church, Pennsylvania, in October, 1905. Having 
proven his worthiness to further confidence he was chosen to 
eldership and ordained by laying on of hands of D. A. Nor- 
cross and Peter Forney on November 23, 1912, at Glendale, 
Arizona. In this place he labored as pastor for a while and 
quite a number were converted. At present Chas. Ronk is 
leading the Lord's work there. 

Seven years prior to entering the church of the Brethren 
he spent with the Methodist people. His wife led him to 
further Bible searchings because she first came to the Breth- 



178 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

ren. The more he studied the Bible the more the Light shined 
into his heart, and that enlightened heart sought more obed- 
ience to Christ Jesus. He admires changed heart and changed 
life into the "all things" of his Lord. Prayer and consecrated 
life begun and maintained by Jesus appeals greatly to Brother 
Durr. 



Eldest son of Abraham and Catharine Wolf ; 
C. Edward was born May 19, 1864, near South English, 
Wolf. Iowa. United with the Church of the Brethren, 

April 19, 1878, having been immersed in Coal 
Creek near Grace Hill, Iowa. He was chosen to the diaconate 
October 30, 1897, at Libertyville, Iowa, Elder J. G. Royer of- 
ficiating. September 2, 1898, he was elected to the ministry, 
Elder Chas. Yearout officiating. December 20, 1899, advanced 
in the ministry by Elder David Zook. On November 13, 1903, 
in the Ottumwa Church, Iowa, he was ordained to the elder- 
ship by Elders C. M. Brower and J. M. Fallis. Chosen mis- 
sionary at the District Meeting of 1899 to serve Ottumwa and 
began about June 1, 1900. His father accompanied him as a 
helper in opening the work. Finding some members and some 
children of members, their doors were opened to the first ef- 
forts, and later a house was rented and regular services held. 
The city then contained about twenty-two thousand people. 
In August a large tent was erected and services held in it. At 
that time nine members formed a nucleus of later organiza- 
tion. The first convert was a man of seventy-four years of 
age. Twelve hundred people attended the baptismal services. 
Organized November 20 with thirteen members, was busy in 
Christ there for nine years. The Lord added sixty-six mem- 
bers to the body. In 1909 began Gospel work in Hutchinson, 
Kansas. Next engaged in mission work in Denver, Colorado, 
in 1910. On March 1, 1912, he came to California and labored 
in Fresno one year. From there he came to Pomona, retiring 
from active ministerial work on account of lack of good 
health. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 179 

A native of York County, Pennsylvania, 
G. G. Lehmer. has been in Los Angeles for a number of 

years, helping the work in that city. He 
has held several positions in the gifts of the District, notably 
Reading Clerk of Conference and member of the Mission 
Board. He is a graduate of the Millersvile State Normal in 
Pennsylvania, and served as County Superintendent of Public 
Schools of Gove County, Kansas. He is a forceful speaker, 
usually knowing his subject. 

Brother Keim is a native of Ohio. He is the 

W. H. Keim. fifth member of the Publishing Committee, 

having been elected to the vacancy occasioned 

by the change of location of Brother A. M. 

White to Empire, California. 

Brother Keim has for some years served as a member of 
the Auditing Committee of this District. Brother Keim came 
to California in 1905. Married Edith E. Trostle, daughter of 
Elder Joseph W. and Sarah A. Trostle of Glendora, California, 
on May 24, 1905. After touring Europe for four months they 
returned to California, locating in Los Angeles. 

He was born in Powesheik County, Iowa, 
S. W. Funk. December 25, 1857. He was a Christmas gift 

in the family. His father met death by acci- 
dent when the son was only ten years of age. Six years later 
he and his mother moved into Monroe County, Iowa. His 
mother married Elder Hiram Berkman. Brother Funk united 
with the church at the age of seventeen years. 

Finishing his work in the common schools, he attended the 
Albia, Iowa, Academy and from there went to Mount Mary's 
Academy, Iowa, later he attended McPherson, Kansas, College, 
being a first year student. On account of illness he quit his 
study and went to Denver and thence to Chicago in connec- 
tion with a publishing house. He came to California in the 
spring of 1891. He was called to the ministry in the Covina 
Church January 1, 1898, and had charge of the Channing 
Street, Los Angeles and Santa Ana missions. He did excel- 
lent work at both these places, helping to increase the mem- 



180 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

bership considerably. He displayed fine organizing abilities 
in missionary work. 

He was married to Hattie Gibbel October 2, 1892. She 
passed away October 11, 1905. His second marriage was to 
C. Temple Sauble of Maryland, October 11, 1907. 

He was ordained to the eldership July 8, 1908. He has 
been quite active in the interests of the Lordsburg College as 
agent for funds and students. At present he is on the Board 




S. W. Funk. 

of Trustees of the College and a member of the Board of the 
Golden State Home and Orphanage. He has contributed his 
toils to evangelism and home work. 

Is Pastor of the Pomona Church. He was pas- 
Elder O. J. tor of the Glendale, Arizona, congregation, some 
Beaver. years. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 



181 



C. C. Is a minister in Los Angeles, whose labors are 

Nicholson, always in the love and graces of our Lord. 

Elder J. G. Of Inglewood, is a worthy brother and willing 
Calvert. to do whatever he can for the Master's cause. 

A young brother of promise, was chosen to the 
A. Klein ministry in the Santa Ana Church in the summer 
Wolford. of 1916, and by careful study of the Word, can 

be of great service to Christ. 

Of Los Angeles, is a young, helpful preacher, 
A. G. Reed. who enjoys spiritual things. He has warm 

impulses which sanctified to God, can be very 
helpful to others. 



Son of Elder and Mrs. Jacob C. Funder- 
Isaac Vaughn burgh, was born at Stewart, Colo., Aug. 
Funderburgh 10, 1889. When about ten years of age he 

moved with his parents to Rocky Ford, 
Colo., where he united with the Church of the Brethren, in 
October, 1899. 

In the spring of 1906 the family moved to California, and 
in 1907 Isaac entered Lordsburg College, where he remained 
until the spring of 1915. During that time he completed the 
work of the Commercial, Expression, Academic, Bible, and 
College departments. He holds the following degrees : B. S. L. 
Lordsburg College, 1913; A. B. Lordsburg College, 1915; 
A. B. Pomona College, 1916, and receives the degree A. M. at 
the University of Southern California in June, 1917. 

During the two years 1913-15, Bro. Funderburgh was 
identified with Lordsburg College as a member of the faculty. 
One year was spent in the Academic department, and one at 
the head of the Bible department. 

Bro. Funderburgh was elected to the Ministry Oct. 13, 
1909, in the Lordsburg congregation, and was advanced to the 
second degree at the same place on Thanksgiving Day, 1911. 



182 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 




Isaac Vaughn Funderburgh 



On Oct. 1, 1916, while living at Inglewood, he was ordained to 
the Eldership by Elders S. E. Yundt and J. P. Dickey. 

On June 14, 1911, he was united in marriage, by Elder 
J. P. Dickey, to Miss J. Florence England, daughter of Elder 
and Mrs. W. F. England of Lordsburg. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 183 

WHAT SOME SISTERS HAVE BEEN DOING 

Sister Magdalena Myers entertained many in the interests 
of the Lord's Cause, visited many homes inviting people to 
services and gave liberally to church prosperity. 

Sister or Mother Gnagey now at rest in Jesus was 
rich in doing all she could for the Church. Foremost in Sis- 
ters Aid. 

Sister W. H. Wertenbaker forceful in missions, in Sunday 
School efforts and teaching pure Bible truth. 

Sister Hattie Y. Gilbert busy in mothers' meetings, teach- 
ing in Sunday Schools and stirring up other useful assemblies. 

Sister Salome A. Eshelman lecturing to women and girls 
on pure and useful domestic lives, leading in song services and 
carrying Gospel into homes. 

Sister Flora Teague teaching classes in systematic Bible 
courses and aiding in any Divine work for happiness. 

Sister Sarah Gnagey making a little chamber as rest places 
for old preachers, caring for poor, giving liberally for good 
works. 

Fanny Light giving Godly care to eastern preachers who 
visit California, and making sunshine for all. 

Sister William Stutsman pioneering, singing, praying, help- 
ing saints. 

Sister Simon E. Yundt showing "goodworks out of a pure 
heart." 

Sister Ida Fessler ever willing to give helping hand to 
needy and worthy institutions. 

Sister Susie Thomas working to make the "best Sunday 
School." 

Sister Joseph Brubaker taking orphans and making great 
souls out of them and toiling for the college. 

Sister Mattie McKie ever active in Santa Fe Mission in 
gathering children for the King. 

Sister Daisy Evans constant in trying to make the best 
Sunday School. 

Sister Sarah Kuns giving attention to making others very 
happy. 

Sister Alice Garst in real earnest in Sisters Aid and giving 



184 HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 

out musical sounds in service. 

Ella Buckwalter a life work gathering little children for 
good work and spiritual blessings. 

Sister Delia Lehmer active in Bible work, Sunday School 
efforts and training the human voice to express good things. 



THE MOTHERS AND DAUGHTERS. 

An organization was effected at District Meeting of 1915 
at Pasadena, by electing Sister W. H. Wertenbaker, President, 
and Sister Herby Vaniman, Secretary. • 

At the Conference of 1916 a brief program was rendered. 
Marjorie Heller read a paper on "Does Any One Care for 
Father." Dorothy Hosfeldt sang a song and read a worthy 
paper. Sisters Hattie Y. Gilbert and Mary Shaffer spoke on 
the "Value of Mothers and Daughters Meetings." Sister Tea- 
gue, who has always something helpful to give, addressed the 
meeting on the worth of being useful and helpful to others. 
The following named were chosen to conduct the affairs of the 
organization : 

Mrs. Mary Shaffer, President; Mrs. I. V. Funderburgh, 
Secretary-Treasurer; Mrs. A. C. Root, Vice President. 



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN 185 

d =d 

OPEN WAY INTO THE BOOK OF REVELATION. 

If the "present world-system, with its awful blood-shed, famines, 
plagues, miseries to millions of mothers, children, and men in trenches, 
on sea, in the sea, on land, above earth, imposing and very powerful 
with armies, fleets, crushing, sinking each other, very scientific in all 
claims, cultured, with human elegance is not the result of sin, what 
is the cause? Is this holacaust of demonism the result of "love of 
money," personal and national greediness, false ambition, religious 
and mingled good and bad? God never made, nor ever will make such 
horrible destructions to please men and devils. Has not man deified 
man, set him above God in his affections, assumed to teach God, to 
ridicule His graces and mercies? 

2. Is not the "beast or governmental system" out of the "sea" 
(Rev. 13:1) but filling up that prediction by God who foresaw man's 
futile attempt to govern man by organized masses ; for has. not "or- 
ganization" as God wants it, obscured by disorganization (Dan. 7:1). 
Is not the "beast" or system out of the earth (Rev. 13:11-17), religious 
in character seeking its downward level by federations of all religions? 
Each is on its way of completion ending in fatality. 

3. Can you extend your Scriptural vision to see that the "ful- 
ness of the Gentiles" (Rom. 11:25) which began with Nebichadnez- 
zar's captivity of the Jews B. C. 606, 595, 587 must end in catostrophe 
before Matt. 16 :27 ; and 19 :28 and 24 :36-44, Luke 12 :35, 40, 42, 43-46, 
and 1 Cor. 15:23-25, 51, 52 and 1 Thess. 4:13-18 will fill up. 

4. If this world-wide conflict with all its horrors is not destruc- 
tion what must happen to convince mankind that it is destruction? 

5. Has not man had every facility to make a world-wide or uni- 
versal peace the past 6,000 years? If he had 6,000 more years what 
assurance will he have that it can be done by man? Jesus as King- 
Judge, alone, with his heavenly forces, can bring universal peace that 
will have no breakable conditions in it. Do you believe this? Do you 
believe the only Bible which says this? 

Get "Open Way," read it with spiritual vision believing God has 
arranged for Jesus' return to earth with universal peace and glory, 
with all his holy angels. Believest thou this? 

Address M. M. Eshelman, Tropico, Cal., remitting one dollar for 
"Open Way." 

m =d 



flTDt.74flllflM 




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